Corporate governance guidelines
Adopted June 15, 2005; amended and restated December 14, 2011
The Board of Directors (the "Board") of Liberty Global, Inc. (the "Corporation") has adopted these Corporate Governance Guidelines as a framework for Board governance over the affairs of the Corporation for the benefit of its shareholders.
1. Roles of Management and the Board
The Corporation's officers and employees, under the direction of its Chief Executive Officer and the oversight of the Board, conduct the Corporation's business with the goal of enhancing the long-term value of the Corporation for the benefit of its shareholders. The Board is elected by the shareholders to oversee the management of the Corporation and to help assure that the interests of the shareholders are served.
2. Board Composition
Under the Corporation's bylaws, the Corporation is to have a staggered board comprised of not less than three members, with the exact number to be fixed from time to time by the Board (subject to the rights of holders of any series of preferred stock which the Corporation may issue in the future). While the Board currently believes that the optimal number of members of the Board is between six and twelve, it retains the discretion to change the number of members from time to time as changing circumstances may warrant.
Candidates for nomination or reelection to the Board will be identified by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and recommended to the Board for approval.
should meet the qualifications for Board membership set forth in Paragraph 3
A majority of the Board will consist of directors who are independent, as determined in accordance with the Corporate Governance Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. and the associated interpretative materials.
3. Director Qualification
Candidates for nomination or reelection to the Board should possess the following qualifications, among others:
4. Director Responsibilities
The business and affairs of the Corporation will be managed under the direction of the Board in accordance with applicable law. To promote the discharge of this responsibility and the efficient conduct of the Board's business, the Board has developed a number of specific expectations of directors.
5. Presiding Director; Meetings of Independent Directors
The Board will have a Presiding Director to preside over private sessions of the independent directors. The role of Presiding Director will rotate annually (between annual meetings of shareholders) among the Chairperson of the Compensation Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and Audit Committee. The Presiding Director will discuss with the independent directors prior to each regularly scheduled Board meeting the need for a private session. In any event, the independent directors will meet in private session at least twice each year.
6. Director Access to Management
Each director will have unabridged access to senior management and other employees of the Corporation in order to become and remain informed about the Corporation's business and for any other purpose relevant to the fulfillment of the responsibilities of a member of the Board.
7. Retention of Advisors
The Board may engage the services of independent consultants or advisors, at the Corporation's expense.
8. Director Compensation
The Board should annually review the form and amount of all types of compensation to be paid by the Corporation to or on behalf of members of the Board, including, without limitation, cash fees, stock incentives and contributions to charities at the behest of Board members. Board compensation should be customary, reasonable and competitive, as determined by the Board. Directors who are employees of the Corporation will not receive additional compensation for service on the Board or any committee of the Board.
9. Non-Employee Director Equity Ownership Guidelines
Non-employee members of the Board are encouraged to have an appropriate level of equity ownership in the Corporation in order to align their economic interests with those of the other stockholders of the Corporation. As a guideline, each non-employee director should own equity securities of the Corporation equal in value to at least $100,000 within three years of first being elected or appointed to the Board. Equity securities for this purpose include vested shares and share units that are deferred pursuant to any applicable deferred compensation plan and vested stock options and stock appreciation rights. Vested stock options and stock appreciation rights will be valued for this purpose at fifty percent (50%) of their intrinsic value.
10. Orientation of New Directors
The Board or the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee may develop and oversee an orientation program for new members of the Board. The orientation program should provide new directors with comprehensive information about the Corporation's business, performance, policies and procedures and the responsibilities and expectations of members of the Board.
11. Continuing Education
The Corporation will facilitate the participation of all Board members in continuing education programs, at the expense of the Corporation, that are relevant to the business and affairs of the Corporation and the fulfillment of the directors' responsibilities as members of the Board.
12. Management Succession Planning
The Board will develop, and review at least annually, a succession plan for selecting a successor to the Chief Executive Officer, both in the event of an emergency and in the ordinary course of business. The Board’s succession planning should include an assessment of the experience, performance and skills of possible successors.
Each year, the Board will conduct a self-evaluation to determine whether it is functioning effectively. In connection with the annual self-evaluation, the Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will be responsible for seeking from each director his evaluation of the performance of the Board. The Board will discuss these evaluations and determine what, if any, action should be taken to improve its performance.
The Board believes that the policies and procedures described in these Corporate Governance Guidelines should remain flexible to facilitate the Board's ability to respond to changing circumstances and conditions in fulfilling its responsibilities to the Corporation and its shareholders. Accordingly, the Board reserves the right to amend these Corporate Governance Guidelines or grant waivers hereunder, from time to time. Any such amendment or waiver will be disclosed if required by and in accordance with applicable securities laws and regulations and the Corporate Governance Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc.
1 "Related party transaction" refers to any transaction which the Corporation would be required to disclose pursuant to Item 404 of Regulation S-K.