Exhibit 3
 
 
        Certificate of Amended Articles of Incorporation of Registrant
          as filed with the Ohio Secretary of State on May 25, 1983
 
 
 
 
<PAGE>
 
 
 
               CERTIFICATE OF AMENDED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
                                   OF
                      OHIO CASUALTY CORPORATION
 
 
 
               John G. Sloneker, who is Chairman of the Board, and William L.
Woodall, who is Secretary of the above named Ohio corporation for profit, do
hereby certify that at a meeting on the 19th day of May, 1983, the holders of
all shares of voting stock and at which a quorum of said stockholders were
present in person or by proxy, did by an affirmative vote of two-thirds (2/3)
of the outstanding stock, adopt the following resolution amending the existing
Articles of Incorporation and any amendments thereto:
 
               RESOLVED, that the Articles of Incorporation of
               Ohio Casualty Corporation be, and the same
               hereby are, amended by deleting the same in
               their entirety and by adopting and substituting
               the Amended Articles to be and constitute the
               Articles of the corporation.
 
               The following Amended Articles were adopted to supersede and
take the place of the existing Articles and all amendments thereto:
 
 
 
                    AMENDED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
                                   OF
                       OHIO CASUALTY CORPORATION
 
 
               FIRST:  The name of the corporation shall be Ohio Casualty
Corporation.
 
               SECOND:  The place in Ohio where the principal office of the
corporation is to be located is the City of Hamilton, County of Butler.
 
               THIRD:  The purpose for which the corporation is formed is to
engage in any lawful act or activity for which corporations may be formed
under Sections 1701.01 to 1701.98, inclusive, of the Ohio Revised Code.
 
               FOURTH:  The authorized number of shares of the corporation
shall be 20,000,000, each with a par value of Twenty-Five Cents ($.25).
 
                                     2
 
<PAGE>
 
               FIFTH:  The Board of Directors of the corporation, when
evaluating any offer of another party to (A) purchase or otherwise acquire all
or substantially all of the properties or assets of the corporation, (B) merge
or consolidate the corporation with or into another corporation or another
person, or (C) make a tender or exchange offer for any equity security of the
corporation, may, in connection with the exercise of its judgment in
determining what is in the best interests of the corporation and its
shareholders, give due consideration to all relevant factors, including
without limitation (1) the social and economic effects of the proposed
transaction on the employees, shareholders and other constituents of the
corporation and its subsidiaries and on the communities in which the
corporation and its subsidiaries operate or are located, (2) the fairness of
the price or financial terms of the proposal, and (3) the relationship of the
proposal to the value of the corporation in a transaction of a similar type
resulting from arm's length negotiations.
 
               SIXTH:  The Board of Directors shall have the power to cause
the corporation from time to time to purchase, hold, sell, transfer or
otherwise deal with its own shares or with any security or other promissory
obligation which may be convertible into its own shares or may authorize the
holder thereof to purchase its own shares, but such authority shall not limit
the plenary authority of the Board of Directors to cause the corporation to
purchase, sell, transfer or otherwise deal with securities and other
promissory obligations which are not so convertible and do not so authorize.
 
               SEVENTH:  A director of this corporation shall not be
disqualified by his office from dealing or contracting with the corporation as
vendor, purchaser, employee, agent, or otherwise, nor shall any transaction or
contract or act of this corporation be void or voidable or in any way affected
or invalidated by reason of the fact that any director of any firm of which
any director is a member or any corporation of which any director is a
shareholder or director is in any way interested in such transaction or
contract or act, provided the fact that such director or such firm or such
corporation is so interested shall be disclosed or shall be known to the Board
of Directors or such members thereof as shall be present at any meeting of the
Board of Directors at which action upon any such contract or transaction or
act shall be taken; nor shall any such director be accountable or responsible
to the corporation for or in respect to any such transaction or contract or
act of this corporation or for any gains or profits realized by him by reason
of the fact that he or any firm of which he is a member or any corporation of
which he is a shareholder or director is interested in such transaction or
contract or act; and any such director may be counted in determining the
existence of a quorum at any meeting of the Board of Directors of the
corporation which shall authorize or take action in respect of any such
contract or transaction or act, and may vote thereat to authorize, ratify or
approve any such contract or transaction or act, with like force and effect as
if he or any firm of which he is a member or any corporation of which
he is a shareholder or director were not interested in such transaction or
contract or act.
 
               EIGHTH:  No shareholder of the corporation shall be entitled as
such, as a matter of right, to preempt or subscribe for or purchase shares of
any class, now or hereafter authorized, or to purchase or subscribe for
securities or other promissory obligations convertible into or exchangeable
for shares of the corporation or which by warrants or otherwise entitle the
holder thereof to subscribe for or purchase any such shares, except such
rights of subscription or
                                     3
 
<PAGE>
 
purchase, if any, and at such price or prices and upon such terms and
conditions as the Board of Directors may from time to time determine.
 
               NINTH:  The Board of Directors may adopt amendments in respect
of any unissued or treasury shares of any class and thereby fix or change:
the division of such shares into series and the designation and authorized
number of shares of each series; the dividend rate; the dates of payment of
dividends and the dates from which they are cumulative; liquidation price;
redemption price; sinking fund requirements; conversion rights, and rights on
the issuance of shares of any class or series.
 
               TENTH:  Notwithstanding any provision of the Ohio Revised Code
requiring for any purpose the vote, consent, waiver or release of the holders
of shares of the corporation entitling them to exercise two-thirds (2/3) or
any other proportion of the voting power of the corporation or of any class or
classes thereof, such action, unless expressly otherwise provided by statute,
may be taken by the vote, consent, waiver or release of the holders of the
shares entitling them to exercise not less than a majority of the voting power
of the corporation or of such class or classes; provided, however, that unless
two-thirds (2/3) of the whole authorized number of directors of the
corporation shall recommend the approval of any of the following matters, the
affirmative vote of the holders of shares entitling them to exercise not less
than eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the corporation entitled to
vote thereon shall be required to adopt:
 
               (1)   a proposed amendment to the articles of the corporation;
 
               (2)   proposed new regulations, or an alteration, amendment
                     or repeal of the regulations of the corporation;
 
               (3)   an agreement of merger or consolidation providing for
                     the merger or consolidation of the corporation with or
                     into one or more other corporations;
 
               (4)   a proposed combination or majority share acquisition
                     involving the issuance of shares of the corporation and
                     requiring shareholder approval;
 
               (5)   a proposal to sell, lease or exchange all or
                     substantially all of the property and assets of the
                     corporation;
 
               (6)   a proposed dissolution of the corporation; or
 
               (7)   a proposal to fix or change the number of directors by
                     action of the shareholders of the corporation.
 
                                     4
 
<PAGE>
 
               The written objection of a director to any such matter
submitted to the president or secretary of the corporation not less than three
days before the meeting of shareholders at which any such matter is to be
considered shall be deemed to be an affirmative vote by such director against
such matter.
 
               ELEVENTH:  (A) In addition to any affirmative vote required by
any provision of the Ohio Revised Code or by any other provision hereof, the
affirmative vote or consent of the holders of the greater of (a) four-fifths
(4/5) of the outstanding common shares of the corporation entitled to vote
thereon or (b) that fraction of such outstanding common shares having as the
numerator a number equal to the sum of (i) the number of outstanding common
shares Beneficially Owned by Controlling Persons (as hereinafter defined) plus
(ii) two-thirds (2/3) of the remaining number of outstanding common shares,
and as the denominator a number equal to the total number of outstanding
common shares entitled to vote, shall be required for the adoption or
authorization of a Business Combination (as hereinafter defined) unless:
 
               (1)   The Business Combination will result in an involuntary
sale, redemption, cancellation or other termination of ownership of all common
shares of the corporation owned by shareholders who do not vote in favor of,
or consent in writing to, the Business Combination and the cash or fair value
of other readily marketable consideration to be received by such shareholders
for such shares shall at least be equal to the Minimum Price Per Share (as
hereinafter defined); and
 
               (2)   A proxy statement responsive to the requirements of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 shall be mailed to the shareholders of the
corporation for the purpose of soliciting shareholder approval of the proposed
Business Combination.
 
               (B)   For purposes of this Article ELEVENTH, the following
definitions shall apply:
 
               (1)   "Affiliate" shall mean a Person that directly or
indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by,
or is under common control with, another Person.
 
               (2)   "Associate" shall mean (i) any corporation or
organization of which a Person is an officer or partner or is, directly or
indirectly, the Beneficial Owner of ten percent (10%) or more of any class of
equity securities (ii) any trust or other estate in which a Person has a ten
percent (10%) or greater individual interest of any nature or as to which a
Person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity, (iii) any spouse
of a Person, and (iv) any relative of a Person, or any relative of a spouse of
a Person, who has the same residence as such Person or spouse.
 
               (3)   "Beneficial Ownership" shall include without limitation
(i) all shares directly or indirectly owned by a Person, by an Affiliate of
such Person or by an Associate of such Person or such Affiliate, (ii) all
shares which such Person, Affiliate or Associate has the right to acquire
through the exercise of any option, warrant or right (whether or not currently
 
                                     5
 
<PAGE>
 
exercisable), through the conversion of a security, pursuant to the power to
revoke a trust, discretionary account or similar arrangement, or pursuant to
the automatic termination of a trust, discretionary account or similar
arrangement, and (iii) all shares as to which such Person, Affiliate or
Associate directly or indirectly through any contract, arrangement,
understanding, relationship or otherwise (including without limitation any
written or unwritten agreement to act in concert) has or shares voting power
(which includes the power to vote or to direct the voting of such shares) or
investment power (which includes the power to dispose or to direct the
disposition of such shares) or both.
 
               (4)   "Business Combination" shall mean (i) any merger or
consolidation of the corporation with or into a Controlling Person or an
Affiliate of a Controlling Person or an Associate of such Controlling Person
or Affiliate, (ii) any sale, lease, exchange, transfer or other disposition,
including without limitation a mortgage or any other security device of all
or any Substantial Part of the assets of the corporation, including without
limitation any voting securities of a Subsidiary, or of the assets of a
Subsidiary, to a Controlling Person or Affiliate of a Controlling Person or
Associate of such Controlling Person or Affiliate, (iii) any merger into the
corporation, or into a Subsidiary, of a Controlling Person or an Affiliate of
a Controlling Person or an Associate of such Controlling Person or Affiliate,
(iv) any sale, lease, exchange, transfer or other disposition to the
corporation or a Subsidiary of all or any part of the assets of a Controlling
Person or Affiliate of a Controlling Person or Associate of such Controlling
Person or Affiliate but not including any dispositions of assets which, if
included with all other dispositions consummated during the same fiscal year
of the corporation by the same Controlling Person.  Affiliates thereof and
Associates of such Controlling Person or Affiliates, would not result in
dispositions during such year by all such Persons of assets having an
aggregate fair value (determined at the time of disposition of the respective
assets) in excess of one percent (1%) of the total consolidated assets of the
corporation (as shown on its certified balance sheet as of the end of the
fiscal year preceding the proposed disposition); provided, however, that in no
event shall any disposition of assets be excepted from shareholder approval by
reason of the preceding exclusion if such disposition when included with all
other dispositions consummated during the same and immediately preceding four
(4) fiscal years of the corporation by the same Controlling Person, Affiliate
thereof and Associates of such Controlling Person or Affiliates, would result
in disposition by all such Persons of assets having an aggregate fair value
(determined at the time of disposition of the respective assets) in excess of
two percent (2%) of the total consolidated assets of the corporation (as shown
of its certified balance sheet as of the end of the fiscal year preceding the
proposed disposition), (v) any reclassification of the common shares of the
corporation, or any recapitalization involving common shares of the
corporation, consummated within five (5) years after a Controlling Person
becomes a Controlling Person, and (vi) any agreement, contract or other
arrangement providing for any of the transactions described in the definition
of Business Combination.
 
               (5)   "Control" shall mean the possession, directly or
indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management
and policies of a Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities,
by contract or otherwise.
 
                                    6
 
<PAGE>
 
               (6)   "Controlling Person" shall mean any Person who
Beneficially Owns shares of the corporation entitling that Person to exercise
twenty percent (20%) or more of the voting power of the corporation entitled
to vote in the election of directors.
 
               (7)   "Minimum Price Per Share" shall mean the sum of (a) the
higher of (i) the highest gross per share price paid or agreed to be paid to
acquire any common shares of the corporation Beneficially Owned by a
Controlling Person, provided such payment or agreement to make payment was
made within five (5) years immediately prior to the record date set to
determine the shareholders entitled to vote or consent to the Business
Combination in question, or (ii) the highest per share closing public market
price for such common shares during such five (5) year period, plus (b) the
aggregate amount, if any, by which five percent (5%) for each year, beginning
on the date on which such Controlling Person became a Controlling Person, of
such higher per share price exceeds the aggregate amount of all common share
dividends per share paid in cash since the date on which such Person became a
Controlling Person.  The calculation of the Minimum Price Per Share shall
require appropriate adjustments for capital changes, including without
limitation stock splits, stock dividends and reverse stock splits.
 
               (8)   "Person" shall mean an individual, a corporation, a
partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, any
unincorporated organization a government or political subdivision thereof, and
any other entity.
 
               (9)   "Securities Exchange Act of 1934" shall mean the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time to time as well as any
successor or replacement statute.
 
               (10)  "Subsidiary" shall mean any corporation more than
twenty-five percent (25%) of whose outstanding securities entitled to vote for
the election of directors are Beneficially Owned by the corporation and/or one
or more Subsidiaries.
 
               (11)  "Substantial Part" shall mean more than ten percent
(10%) of the total assets of the corporation in question, as shown on its
certified balance sheet as of the end of the most recent fiscal year ending
prior to the time the determination is being made.
 
               (C)   During any period in which there are one or more
Controlling Persons, this Article ELEVENTH shall not be altered, changed or
repealed unless the amendment effecting such alteration, change or repeal
shall have received, in addition to any affirmative vote required by any
provision of the Ohio Revised Code or by any other provisions hereof, the
affirmative vote or consent of the holders of the greater of (a) four-fifths
(4/5) of the outstanding common shares of the corporation entitled to vote
thereon or (b) that fraction of such outstanding common shares having as the
numerator a number equal to the sum of (i) the number of outstanding common
shares Beneficially Owned by Controlling Persons plus (ii) two-thirds (2/3) of
the remaining number of outstanding common shares, and as the denominator a
number equal to the total number of outstanding common shares entitled to
vote.
 
               TWELFTH:  These Amended Articles take the place of and
supersede the existing Articles of Ohio Casualty Corporation.
 
                                    7
 
<PAGE>
               IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the above named officers, acting for and on
behalf of the corporation, have subscribed their names this 23rd day of May,
1983.
 
 
                                     /s/ John G. Sloneker
                                     --------------------------------------
                                     John G. Sloneker, Chairman of the
                                     Board
 
 
                                     /s/ William L. Woodall
                                     --------------------------------------
                                     William L. Woodall, Secretary
 
 
 
 
                                     8
 
<PAGE>
 
 
 Certificate of Amendments to the Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant
         as filed with the Ohio Secretary of State on November 21, 1986
 
 
 
                                     9
 
<PAGE>
 
                  CERTIFICATE OF AMENDMENTS TO THE ARTICLES
                OF INCORPORATION OF OHIO CASUALTY CORPORATION
                ---------------------------------------------
 
 
        John G. Sloneker, who is Chairman of the Board, and William L.
 
Woodall, who is secretary of the Ohio Casualty Corporation, hereby certify
 
that the resolutions set forth immediately below were duly adopted at a
 
special meeting of shareholders held on November 20, 1986 by an affirmative
 
vote of the holders of shares entitling them to exercise a majority of the
 
voting power of the Company:
 
               RESOLVED, that Article FOURTH of the Articles
               of Incorporation of Ohio Casualty Corporation
               be, and the same hereby is, amended by deleting
               it in its entirety, and by adopting and
               substituting in its place a new Article FOURTH,
               which shall provide as follows:
 
                    FOURTH:  The authorized number of
                    shares of the corporation shall be
                    70,000,000, each with a par value of
                    twelve and one-half cents ($.125).  The
                    stated capital of each outstanding
                    share shall be equal to its par value.
 
               RESOLVED, that the Articles of Incorporation of
               Ohio Casualty Corporation be, and the same
               hereby are, amended by adding an Article
               THIRTEENTH, which article shall provide as
               follows:
 
                    THIRTEENTH:  Shareholders shall not
                    have the right to vote cumulatively in
                    the election of directors.
 
        IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have hereunto set their
hands as of this 20th day of November, 1986.
 
                                         /s/ John G. Sloneker
                                         --------------------------------
                                         John G. Sloneker,
                                         Chairman of the Board
 
 
                                         /s/ William L. Woodall
                                         --------------------------------
                                         William L. Woodall,
                                         Secretary
 
 
                                     10
 
<PAGE>
 
 
 
     Certificate of Amendment to Amended Articles of Incorporation of the
    Registrant as filed with the Ohio Secretary of State on April 29, 1992
 
 
 
 
 
                                    11
 
<PAGE>
 
 
 
                               CERTIFICATE
                                    OF
               AMENDMENT TO AMENDED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
                                    OF
                         OHIO CASUALTY CORPORATION
                -------------------------------------------
 
        The undersigned hereby certify that:  (a) they are the duly elected,
 
qualified and acting President and Secretary, respectively, of Ohio Casualty
 
Corporation, an Ohio corporation (the "Company"); (b) the amendment to
 
Article FOURTH of the Amended Articles of Incorporation of the Company included
 
in the resolution attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference was
 
approved and recommended by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the
 
whole authorized number of directors of the Company at a meeting duly called
 
and held on February 20, 1992, at which a quorum was at all times present; (c)
 
a meeting of the shareholders of the Company was duly called and held on April
 
15, 1992, at which meeting a quorum of shareholders was at all times present in
 
person or by proxy; and (d) the resolution attached hereto and incorporated
 
herein by reference was duly adopted at said meeting of shareholders by the
 
affirmative vote of the holders of shares entitled to exercise more than a
 
majority of the voting power of the Company on such resolution.
 
        IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have hereunto set their hands as
 
of this 15th day of April, 1992.
 
                                        /s/ Lauren N. Patch
                                        ----------------------------------
                                        Lauren N. Patch, President
 
                                        /s/ Howard L. Sloneker III
                                        ----------------------------------
                                        Howard L. Sloneker III, Secretary
 
               RESOLVED, that Article FOURTH of the Company's
               Amended Articles of Incorporation be, and it
               hereby is, amended in its entirety to be as set
               forth in Appendix A to the Company's Proxy
 
                                     12
 
<PAGE>
 
               Statement dated March 9, 1992, which Appendix A
               is incorporated in this resolution by reference.
 
               Appendix A to the Company's Proxy Statement
               dated March 9, 1992, is set forth below:
 
                                APPENDIX A
                                ----------
 
               FOURTH:  The authorized number of shares of the corporation is
70,000,000 common shares, each with a par value of twelve and one-half cents
($.125) (designated as "common shares") and 2,000,000 preferred shares,
without par value (designated as "Preferred Shares").  The express terms of
the shares of each class are as follows:
 
               (A)     EXPRESS TERMS OF THE COMMON SHARES.  The common shares
shall be subject to the express terms of the Preferred Shares and the express
terms of any series thereof.  Each common share shall be equal to every other
common share.  Subject to the provisions of applicable law and these Amended
Articles, each common share shall entitle the holder thereof to one vote on
each matter properly submitted to the shareholders for their vote, consent,
waiver, release or other action.  Subject to any rights to receive dividends
or distributions to which the holders of Preferred Shares may be entitled, the
holders of common shares shall be entitled to receive such dividends or
distributions as may from time to time be declared by the Board of Directors
of the corporation.
 
               (B)     EXPRESS TERMS OF THE PREFERRED SHARES.  The Preferred
Shares may be issued from time to time in one or more series.  All Preferred
Shares shall be of equal rank and shall be identical, except in respect of the
terms that may be fixed or changed by the Board of Directors of the
corporation as hereinafter provided, and each share of a series of Preferred
Shares shall be identical with all other shares of such series, except as to
the dates from which dividends or distributions shall be cumulative.  Subject
to the provisions of this paragraph (B), which provisions shall apply to all
Preferred Shares, the Board of Directors of the corporation is authorized to
cause shares of Preferred Shares to be issued in one or more series and with
respect to each such series to fix prior to the issuance of shares of such
series (and thereafter, to the extent provided in clause (2) of this paragraph
(B)) the following:
 
               (1)     The designation of the series, which may be by
distinguishing number, letter or title;
 
               (2)     The authorized number of shares of the series, which
number the Board of Directors of the corporation may (except to the extent
otherwise provided in the creation of the series) increase or decrease from
time to time before or after the issuance of shares of such series (but not
below the number of shares of such series then outstanding);
 
               (3)     The dividend or distribution rate of the series;
 
                                     13
 
<PAGE>
 
               (4)     The dates of payment of dividends or distributions and
the dates from which the dividends or distributions shall be cumulative;
 
               (5)     The amounts payable on shares of the series in the
event of any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up
of the affairs of the corporation;
 
               (6)     The redemption rights and price or prices for shares
of the series;
 
               (7)     The sinking fund requirements for the purchase or
redemption of shares of the series;
 
               (8)     The conversion rights of the shares of the series;
 
               (9)     The restrictions on the issuance of shares of the same
series or of any other class or series; and
 
               (10)    Such other terms as the Board of Directors may from
time to time be permitted by law to fix or change.
 
                The Board of Directors of the corporation is authorized to
adopt from time to time amendments to these Amended Articles fixing or
changing, with respect to each such series, the matters described in the
preceding clauses (1) through (10), inclusive, of paragraph (B) above.
 
               Subject to the provisions of applicable law and these Amended
Articles, each Preferred Share shall entitle the holder thereof to one vote on
each matter properly submitted to the shareholders for their vote, consent,
waiver, release or other action.  Except as otherwise required by law or these
Amended Articles, the common shares and the Preferred Shares shall be voted
together as a single class.
 
                                    14
 
<PAGE>
 
 
    Certificate of Amendment to Amended Articles of Incorporation of the
    Registrant as filed with the Ohio Secretary of State on April 30, 1996
 
 
 
 
 
                                     15
 
<PAGE>
 
 
                                CERTIFICATE
                                    OF
               AMENDMENT TO AMENDED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
                                    OF
                          OHIO CASUALTY CORPORATION
               ----------------------------------------------
 
        The undersigned hereby certify that:  (a) they are the duly elected,
 
qualified and acting President and Secretary, respectively, of Ohio Casualty
 
Corporation, an Ohio corporation (the "Company"); (b) the amendment to Article
 
FOURTH of the Amended Articles of Incorporation of the Company included in the
 
resolution attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference was approved
 
and recommended by the affirmative vote of, and in writings signed by, all of
 
the directors of the Company; (c) a meeting of the shareholders of the Company
 
was duly called and held on April 17, 1996, at which meeting a quorum of
 
stockholders was at all times present in person or by proxy; and (d) the
 
resolution attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference was duly
 
adopted at said meeting of shareholders by the affirmative vote of the holders
 
of shares entitled to exercise more than a majority of the voting power of the
 
Company on such resolution.
 
        IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have hereunto set their hands as of
 
this 17th day of April, 1996.
 
                                         /s/ Lauren N. Patch
                                         -----------------------------------
                                         Lauren N. Patch, President
 
 
                                         /s/ Howard L. Sloneker III
                                         -----------------------------------
                                         Howard L. Sloneker III,Secretary
 
                                    16
 
<PAGE>
 
               RESOLVED, that the first sentence of Article
               FOURTH of the Company's Amended Articles of
               Incorporation be, and it hereby is, amended to
               be as follows, with all other provisions of
               said Article FOURTH to remain unchanged:
 
               FOURTH:  The authorized number of shares of the corporation is
150,000,000 common shares, each with a par value of twelve and one-half cents
($.125) (designated as "common shares") and 2,000,000 preferred shares,
without par value (designated as "Preferred Shares").
 
 
 
 
                                    17
 
<PAGE>
 
 
 
             Amended Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant
               (reflecting amendments through April 30, 1996)
    [for SEC reporting compliance purposes only -- not filed with the Ohio
                           Secretary of State]
 
 
 
 
                                    18
 
<PAGE>
 
                   AMENDED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
                                   OF
                      OHIO CASUALTY CORPORATION
 
 
 
               FIRST:  The name of the corporation shall be Ohio Casualty
Corporation.
 
               SECOND:  The place in Ohio where the principal office of the
corporation is to be located is the City of Hamilton, County of Butler.
 
               THIRD:  The purpose for which the corporation is formed is to
engage in any lawful act or activity for which corporations may be formed
under Sections 1701.01 to 1701.98, inclusive, of the Ohio Revised Code.
 
 
               FOURTH:  The authorized number of shares of the corporation is
150,000,000 common shares, each with a par value of twelve and one-half cents
($.125) (designated as "common shares") and 2,000,000 preferred shares,
without par value (designated as "Preferred Shares").
 
               (A)     EXPRESS TERMS OF THE COMMON SHARES.  The common shares
shall be subject to the express terms of the Preferred Shares and the express
terms of any series thereof.  Each common share shall be equal to every other
common share.  Subject to the provisions of applicable law and these Amended
Articles, each common share shall entitle the holder thereof to one vote on
each matter properly submitted to the shareholders for their vote, consent,
waiver, release or other action.  Subject to any rights to receive dividends
or distributions to which the holders of Preferred Shares may be entitled, the
holders of common shares shall be entitled to receive such dividends or
distributions as may from time to time be declared by the Board of Directors
of the corporation.
 
               (B)     EXPRESS TERMS OF THE PREFERRED SHARES.  The Preferred
Shares may be issued from time to time in one or more series.  All Preferred
Shares shall be of equal rank and shall be identical, except in respect of the
terms that may be fixed or changed by the Board of Directors of the
corporation as hereinafter provided, and each share of a series of Preferred
Shares shall be identical with all other shares of such series, except as to
the dates from which dividends or distributions shall be cumulative.  Subject
to the provisions of this paragraph (B), which provisions shall apply to all
Preferred Shares, the Board of Directors of the corporation is authorized to
cause shares of Preferred Shares to be issued in one or more series and with
respect to each such series to fix prior to the issuance of shares
of such series (and thereafter, to the extent provided in clause (2) of this
paragraph (B)) the following:
 
 
                                     19
 
<PAGE>
 
               (1)     The designation of the series, which may be by
distinguishing number, letter or title;
 
               (2)     The authorized number of shares of the series, which
number the Board of Directors of the corporation may (except to the extent
otherwise provided in the creation of the series) increase or decrease from
time to time before or after the issuance of shares of such series (but not
below the number of shares of such series then outstanding);
 
               (3)     The dividend or distribution rate of the series;
 
               (4)     The dates of payment of dividends or distributions and
the dates from which the dividends or distributions shall be cumulative;
 
               (5)     The amounts payable on shares of the series in the
event of any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up
of the affairs of the corporation;
 
               (6)     The redemption rights and price or prices for shares
of the series;
 
               (7)     The sinking fund requirements for the purchase or
redemption of shares of the series;
 
               (8)     The conversion rights of the shares of the series;
 
               (9)     The restrictions on the issuance of shares of the same
series or of any other class or series; and
 
               (10)    Such other terms as the Board of Directors may from
time to time be permitted by law to fix or change.
 
               The Board of Directors of the corporation is authorized to
adopt from time to time amendments to these Amended Articles fixing or
changing, with respect to each such series, the matters described in the
preceding clauses (1) through (10), inclusive, of paragraph (B) above.
 
               Subject to the provisions of applicable law and these Amended
Articles, each Preferred Share shall entitle the holder thereof to one vote on
each matter properly submitted to the shareholders for their vote, consent,
waiver, release or other action.  Except as otherwise required by law or these
Amended Articles, the common shares and the Preferred Shares shall be voted
together as a single class.
 
               FIFTH:  The Board of Directors of the corporation, when
evaluating any offer of another party to (A) purchase or otherwise acquire all
or substantially all of the properties or assets of the corporation, (B) merge
or consolidate the corporation with or into another corporation or another
person, or (C) make a tender or exchange offer for any equity security of the
corporation, may, in connection with the exercise of its judgment in
determining what is in the best interests of the corporation and its
shareholders, give due consideration to all relevant
 
                                     20
 
<PAGE>
 
factors, including without limitation (1) the social and economic effects of
the proposed transaction on the employees, shareholders and other
constituents of the corporation and its subsidiaries and on the communities
in which the corporation and its subsidiaries operate or are located, (2)
the fairness of the price or financial terms of the proposal, and (3) the
relationship of the proposal to the value of the corporation in a transaction
of a similar type resulting from arm's length negotiations.
 
               SIXTH:  The Board of Directors shall have the power to cause
the corporation from time to time to purchase, hold, sell, transfer or
otherwise deal with its own shares or with any security or other promissory
obligation which may be convertible into its own shares or may authorize the
holder thereof to purchase its own shares, but such authority shall not limit
the plenary authority of the Board of Directors to cause the corporation to
purchase, sell, transfer or otherwise deal with securities and other
promissory obligations which are not so convertible and do not so authorize.
 
               SEVENTH:  A director of this corporation shall not be
disqualified by his office from dealing or contracting with the corporation as
vendor, purchaser, employee, agent, or otherwise, nor shall any transaction or
contract or act of this corporation be void or voidable or in any way affected
or invalidated by reason of the fact that any director of any firm of which
any director is a member or any corporation of which any director is a
shareholder or director is in any way interested in such transaction or
contract or act, provided the fact that such director or such firm or such
corporation is so interested shall be disclosed or shall be known to the Board
of Directors or such members thereof as shall be present at any meeting of the
Board of Directors at which action upon any such contract or transaction or
act shall be taken; nor shall any such director be accountable or responsible
to the corporation for or in respect to any such transaction or contract or
act of this corporation or for any gains or profits realized by him by reason
of the fact that he or any firm of which he is a member or any corporation of
which he is a shareholder or director is interested in such transaction or
contract or act; and any such director may be counted in determining the
existence of a quorum at any meeting of the Board of Directors of the
corporation which shall authorize or take action in respect of any such
contract or transaction or act, and may vote thereat to authorize, ratify or
approve any such contract or transaction or act, with like force and effect as
if he or any firm of which he is a member or any corporation of which
he is a shareholder or director were not interested in such transaction or
contract or act.
 
               EIGHTH:  No shareholder of the corporation shall be entitled as
such, as a matter of right, to preempt or subscribe for or purchase shares of
any class, now or hereafter authorized, or to purchase or subscribe for
securities or other promissory obligations convertible into or exchangeable
for shares of the corporation or which by warrants or otherwise entitle the
holder thereof to subscribe for or purchase any such shares, except such
rights of subscription or purchase, if any, and at such price or prices and
upon such terms and conditions as the Board of Directors may from time to time
determine.
 
               NINTH:  The Board of Directors may adopt amendments in respect
of any unissued or treasury shares of any class and thereby fix or change:
the division of such shares into series and the designation and authorized
number of shares of each series; the dividend rate;
 
                                     21
<PAGE>
 
the dates of payment of dividends and the dates from which they are
cumulative; liquidation price; redemption price; sinking fund requirements;
conversion rights, and rights on the issuance of shares of any class or series.
 
               TENTH:  Notwithstanding any provision of the Ohio Revised Code
requiring for any purpose the vote, consent, waiver or release of the holders
of shares of the corporation entitling them to exercise two-thirds (2/3) or
any other proportion of the voting power of the corporation or of any class or
classes thereof, such action, unless expressly otherwise provided by statute,
may be taken by the vote, consent, waiver or release of the holders of the
shares entitling them to exercise not less than a majority of the voting power
of the corporation or of such class or classes; provided, however, that unless
two-thirds (2/3) of the whole authorized number of directors of the
corporation shall recommend the approval of any of the following matters, the
affirmative vote of the holders of shares entitling them to exercise not less
than eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the corporation entitled to
vote thereon shall be required to adopt:
 
               (1)     a proposed amendment to the articles of the
                       corporation;
 
               (2)     proposed new regulations, or an alteration, amendment
                       or repeal of the regulations of the corporation;
 
               (3)     an agreement of merger or consolidation providing for
                       the merger or consolidation of the corporation with or
                       into one or more other corporations;
 
               (4)     a proposed combination or majority share acquisition
                       involving the issuance of shares of the corporation and
                       requiring shareholder approval;
 
               (5)     a proposal to sell, lease or exchange all or
                       substantially all of the property and assets of the
                       corporation;
 
               (6)     a proposed dissolution of the corporation; or
 
               (7)     a proposal to fix or change the number of directors by
                       action of the shareholders of the corporation.
 
               The written objection of a director to any such matter
submitted to the president or secretary of the corporation not less than three
days before the meeting of shareholders at which any such matter is to be
considered shall be deemed to be an affirmative vote by such director against
such matter.
 
               ELEVENTH:  (A) In addition to any affirmative vote required by
any provision of the Ohio Revised Code or by any other provision hereof, the
affirmative vote or consent of the holders of the greater of (a) four-fifths
(4/5) of the outstanding common shares of the corporation entitled to vote
thereon or (b) that fraction of such outstanding common shares having as the
 
                                     22
 
<PAGE>
 
numerator a number equal to the sum of (i) the number of outstanding common
shares Beneficially Owned by Controlling Persons (as hereinafter defined) plus
(ii) two-thirds (2/3) of the remaining number of outstanding common shares,
and as the denominator a number equal to the total number of outstanding
common shares entitled to vote, shall be required for the adoption or
authorization of a Business Combination (as hereinafter defined) unless:
 
               (1)     The Business Combination will result in an involuntary
sale, redemption, cancellation or other termination of ownership of all common
shares of the corporation owned by shareholders who do not vote in favor of,
or consent in writing to, the Business Combination and the cash or fair value
of other readily marketable consideration to be received by such shareholders
for such shares shall at least be equal to the Minimum Price Per Share (as
hereinafter defined); and
 
               (2)     A proxy statement responsive to the requirements of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 shall be mailed to the shareholders of the
corporation for the purpose of soliciting shareholder approval of the proposed
Business Combination.
 
               (B)     For purposes of this Article ELEVENTH, the following
definitions shall apply:
 
               (1)     "Affiliate" shall mean a Person that directly or
indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by,
or is under common control with, another Person.
 
               (2)     "Associate" shall mean (i) any corporation or
organization of which a Person is an officer or partner or is, directly or
indirectly, the Beneficial Owner of ten percent (10%) or more of any class of
equity securities (ii) any trust or other estate in which a Person has a ten
percent (10%) or greater individual interest of any nature or as to which a
Person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity, (iii) any spouse
of a Person, and (iv) any relative of a Person, or any relative of a spouse of
a Person, who has the same residence as such Person or spouse.
 
               (3)     "Beneficial Ownership" shall include without limitation
(i) all shares directly or indirectly owned by a Person, by an Affiliate of
such Person or by an Associate of such Person or such Affiliate, (ii) all
shares which such Person, Affiliate or Associate has the right to acquire
through the exercise of any option, warrant or right (whether or not currently
exercisable), through the conversion of a security, pursuant to the power to
revoke a trust, discretionary account or similar arrangement, or pursuant to
the automatic termination of a trust, discretionary account or similar
arrangement, and (iii) all shares as to which such Person, Affiliate or
Associate directly or indirectly through any contract, arrangement,
understanding, relationship or otherwise (including without limitation any
written or unwritten agreement to act in concert) has or shares voting power
(which includes the power to vote or to direct the voting of such shares) or
investment power (which includes the power to dispose or to direct the
disposition of such shares) or both.
 
                                     23
 
<PAGE>
 
               (4)     "Business Combination" shall mean (i) any merger or
consolidation of the corporation with or into a Controlling Person or an
Affiliate of a Controlling Person or an Associate of such Controlling Person
or Affiliate, (ii) any sale, lease, exchange, transfer or other disposition,
including without limitation a mortgage or any other security device of all
or any Substantial Part of the assets of the corporation, including without
limitation any voting securities of a Subsidiary, or of the assets of a
Subsidiary, to a Controlling Person or Affiliate of a Controlling Person or
Associate of such Controlling Person or Affiliate, (iii) any merger into the
corporation, or into a Subsidiary, of a Controlling Person or an Affiliate of
a Controlling Person or an Associate of such Controlling Person or Affiliate,
(iv) any sale, lease, exchange, transfer or other disposition to the
corporation or a Subsidiary of all or any part of the assets of a Controlling
Person or Affiliate of a Controlling Person or Associate of such Controlling
Person or Affiliate but not including any dispositions of assets which, if
included with all other dispositions consummated during the same fiscal year
of the corporation by the same Controlling Person.  Affiliates thereof and
Associates of such Controlling Person or Affiliates, would not result in
dispositions during such year by all such Persons of assets having an
aggregate fair value (determined at the time of disposition of the respective
assets) in excess of one percent (1%) of the total consolidated assets of the
corporation (as shown on its certified balance sheet as of the end of the
fiscal year preceding the proposed disposition); provided, however, that in no
event shall any disposition of assets be excepted from shareholder approval
by reason of the preceding exclusion if such disposition when included with
all other dispositions consummated during the same and immediately preceding
four (4) fiscal years of the corporation by the same Controlling Person,
Affiliate thereof and Associates of such Controlling Person or Affiliates,
would result in disposition by all such Persons of assets having an aggregate
fair value (determined at the time of disposition of the respective assets)
in excess of two percent (2%) of the total consolidated assets of the
corporation (as shown of its certified balance sheet as of the end of the
fiscal year preceding the proposed disposition), (v) any reclassification of
the common shares of the corporation, or any recapitalization involving
common shares of the corporation, consummated within five (5) years after a
Controlling Person becomes a Controlling Person, and (vi) any agreement,
contract or other arrangement providing for any of the transactions
described in the definition of Business Combination.
 
               (5)     "Control" shall mean the possession, directly or
indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management
and policies of a Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities,
by contract or otherwise.
 
               (6)     "Controlling Person" shall mean any Person who
Beneficially Owns shares of the corporation entitling that Person to exercise
twenty percent (20%) or more of the voting power of the corporation entitled
to vote in the election of directors.
 
               (7)     "Minimum Price Per Share" shall mean the sum of (a) the
higher of (i) the highest gross per share price paid or agreed to be paid to
acquire any common shares of the corporation Beneficially Owned by a
Controlling Person, provided such payment or agreement to make payment was
made within five (5) years immediately prior to the record date set to
determine the shareholders entitled to vote or consent to the Business
Combination in question, or (ii) the highest per share closing public market
price for such common shares during such five
 
                                     24
 
<PAGE>
 
(5) year period, plus (b) the aggregate amount, if any, by which five percent
(5%) for each year, beginning on the date on which such Controlling Person
became a Controlling Person, of such higher per share price exceeds the
aggregate amount of all common share dividends per share paid in cash since
the date on which such Person became a Controlling Person.  The calculation
of the Minimum Price Per Share shall require appropriate adjustments for
capital changes, including without limitation stock splits, stock dividends
and reverse stock splits.
 
               (8)     "Person" shall mean an individual, a corporation, a
partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, any
unincorporated organization a government or political subdivision thereof, and
any other entity.
 
               (9)     "Securities Exchange Act of 1934" shall mean the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time to time as well as any
successor or replacement statute.
 
               (10)    "Subsidiary" shall mean any corporation more than
twenty-five percent (25%) of whose outstanding securities entitled to vote for
the election of directors are Beneficially Owned by the corporation and/or one
or more Subsidiaries.
 
               (11)    "Substantial Part" shall mean more than ten percent
(10%) of the total assets of the corporation in question, as shown on its
certified balance sheet as of the end of the most recent fiscal year ending
prior to the time the determination is being made.
 
               (C)     During any period in which there are one or more
Controlling Persons, this Article ELEVENTH shall not be altered, changed or
repealed unless the amendment effecting such alteration, change or repeal
shall have received, in addition to any affirmative vote required by any
provision of the Ohio Revised Code or by any other provisions hereof, the
affirmative vote or consent of the holders of the greater of (a) four-fifths
(4/5) of the outstanding common shares of the corporation entitled to vote
thereon or (b) that fraction of such outstanding common shares having as the
numerator a number equal to the sum of (i) the number of outstanding common
shares Beneficially Owned by Controlling Persons plus (ii) two-thirds (2/3) of
the remaining number of outstanding common shares, and as the denominator a
number equal to the total number of outstanding common shares entitled to
vote.
 
               TWELFTH:  These Amended Articles take the place of and
supersede the existing Articles of Ohio Casualty Corporation.
 
               THIRTEENTH:  Shareholders shall not have the right to vote
cumulatively in the election of directors.
 
                                     25
 
<PAGE>
 
               IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the above named officers, acting for and on
behalf of the corporation, have subscribed their names this 23rd day of May,
1983.
 
 
                                        /s/ John G. Sloneker
                                        -----------------------------------
                                        John G. Sloneker, Chairman of the
                                        Board
 
 
                                        /s/ William L. Woodall
                                        -----------------------------------
                                        William L. Woodall, Secretary