CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION

                               OF

                       MOLEX INCORPORATED

 (Restated to include all amendments through October 22, 1999)

 

     FIRST:    The name of the corporation is

 

                       Molex Incorporated

 

     SECOND:   The address of its registered office in the  State

of  Delaware  is  1209 Orange Street, in the City of  Wilmington,

County  of New Castle.  The name of its registered agent at  such

address is The Corporation Trust Company.

 

     THIRD:     The  nature  of the business or  purposes  to  be

conducted or promoted is:

 

     Merchandise,  manufacture,  buy,  sell,  deal  in  and  with

plastic   moldings,   electrical   and   electronic   assemblies,

electrical  and  electronic devices, machines, tools,  parts  for

tools  or  machines;  and  further  to  manufacture,  buy,  sell,

distribute, deal in and with goods, wares and merchandise or  all

kinds, at wholesale or retail or on consignment.

 

     To   engage  in  any  lawful  act  or  activity  for   which

corporations  may be organized under the General Corporation  Law

of Delaware.

 

     To  manufacture, purchase or otherwise acquire,  invest  in,

own,  mortgage,  pledge, sell, assign and transfer  or  otherwise

dispose  of,  trade,  deal  in and deal  with  goods,  wares  and

merchandise and personal property of every class and description.

 

     To  acquire,  and pay for in cash, stock or  bonds  of  this

corporation  or  otherwise, the good  will,  rights,  assets  and

property, and to undertake or assume the whole or any part of the

obligations  or  liabilities of any person, firm, association  or

corporation.

 

     To  acquire, hold, use, sell, assign, lease, grant  licenses

in respect of, mortgage or otherwise dispose of letters patent of

the United States or any foreign country, patent rights, licenses

and   privileges,   inventions,   improvements   and   processes,

copyrights, trade-marks and trade names, relating to or useful in

connection with any business of this corporation.

 

     To  acquire by purchase, subscription or otherwise,  and  to

receive,  hold, own, guarantee, sell, assign, exchange, transfer,

mortgage, pledge or otherwise dispose of or deal in and with  any

of  the  shares  of  the  capital  stock,  or  any  voting  trust

certificates  in respect of the shares of capital  stock,  scrip,

warrants,  rights, bonds, debentures, notes, trust receipts,  and

other securities, obligations, choses in action and evidences  of

indebtedness  or interest issued or created by any  corporations,

joint stock companies, syndicates, associations, firms, trusts or

persons,  public or private, or by the government of  the  United

States of America, or by any foreign government, or by any state,

territory,  province, municipality or other political subdivision

or  by  any governmental agency, and as owner thereof to  possess

and  exercise all the rights, powers and privileges of ownership,

including the right to execute consents and vote thereon, and  to

do  any  and all acts and things necessary or advisable  for  the

preservation,  protection, improvement  and  enhancement  in  the

value thereof.

     To  borrow  or raise moneys for any of the purposes  of  the

corporation and, from time to time without limit as to amount, to

draw,  make, accept, endorse, execute and issue promissory notes,

drafts, bills of exchange, warrants, bonds, debentures and  other

negotiable   or  non-negotiable  instruments  and  evidences   of

indebtedness, and to secure the payment of any thereof and of the

interest  thereon  by  mortgage upon  or  pledge,  conveyance  or

assignment  in trust of the whole or any part of the property  of

the   corporation,  whether  at  the  time  owned  or  thereafter

acquired, and to sell, pledge or otherwise dispose of such  bonds

or  other  obligations  of  the  corporation  for  its  corporate

purposes.

 

     To  purchase, receive, take by grant, gift, devise,  bequest

or  otherwise,  lease, or otherwise acquire, own, hold,  improve,

employ,  use  and  otherwise deal in and with  real  or  personal

property,  or  any  interest therein, wherever situated,  and  to

sell, convey, lease, exchange, transfer or otherwise dispose  of,

or  mortgage or pledge, all or any of the corporation's  property

and assets, or any interest therein, wherever situated.

 

     In  general,  to  possess and exercise all  the  powers  and

privileges granted by the General Corporation Law of Delaware  or

by   any  other  law  of  Delaware  or  by  this  certificate  of

incorporation together with any powers incidental thereto, so far

as  such powers and privileges are necessary or convenient to the

conduct,  promotion or attainment of the business or purposes  of

the corporation.

 

     The business and purposes specified in the foregoing clauses

shall, except where otherwise expressed, be in nowise limited  or

restricted by reference to, or inference from, the terms  of  any

other  clause  in  this  certificate of  incorporation,  but  the

business and purposes specified in each of the foregoing  clauses

of  this  article shall be regarded as independent  business  and

purposes.

 

     FOURTH:

 

     A.   AUTHORIZED CAPITAL STOCK

 

          (1)   COMMON  STOCK:   The total number  of  shares  of

common stock which the corporation shall have authority to  issue

is  four  hundred million one hundred forty-six thousand seventy-

eight  (400,146,078)  shares, consisting  of:   (i)  two  hundred

million  (200,000,000 shares of Common Stock, par value $.05  per

share  (the  "Common  Stock"), subject to  Paragraph  E  of  this

Article FOURTH, (ii) two hundred million (200,000,000) shares  of

Class  A  Common Stock, par value $.05 per share  (the  "Class  A

Common Stock"), subject to Paragraph E of this Article FOURTH and

(iii)  one  hundred  forty-six thousand  seventy-eight  (146,078)

shares  of  Class B Common Stock, par value $.05 per  share  (the

"Class B Common Stock").

 

          (2)   PREFERRED STOCK:  The total number of  shares  of

preferred  stock  which the corporation shall have  authority  to

issue is twenty five million (25,000,000) shares, par value  $.01

per share ("Preferred Stock").  Shares of Preferred Stock may  be

dividend  into and issued in series or classes as  from  time  to

time determined by the board of directors of the corporation, the

shares  of  each  series  or class to have  such  voting  rights,

designations, preferences, and relative, participating,  optional

or   special   rights,   and   qualifications,   limitations   or

restrictions  thereof as determined by the board of directors  of

the  corporation as hereinafter provided.  Each series  or  class

shall be so designated as to distinguish the shares thereof  from

the shares of all other series and classes.

     Authority  is  hereby  expressly granted  to  the  board  of

directors of the corporation, subject to the provisions  of  this

Article  FOURTH and to the limitations prescribed by the  General

Corporation Law of Delaware, to authorize the issuance of one  or

more  series  or classes of Preferred Stock and with  respect  to

each  such  series or class to fix for such series or  class  the

voting    powers,   designations,   preferences   and   relative,

participating,   optional   or   other   special   rights,    and

qualifications,   limitations  or  restrictions   thereof.    The

authority  of  the  board of directors of  the  corporation  with

respect to each series or class shall include, but not be limited

to, the determination or fixing of the following:

 

               (i)  the designation of such series or class;

 

               (ii) the  dividend rate of such series  or  class,

                    the  conditions  and dates  upon  which  such

                    dividends  shall  be  payable,  the  relation

                    which  such  dividends  shall  bear  to   the

                    dividends  payable  on  any  other  class  or

                    classes of stock or any other series of  such

                    dividends   shall  be  cumulative   or   non-

                    cumulative;

 

               (iii)      whether  the shares of such  series  or

                    class  shall be subject to redemption by  the

                    corporation  and,  if made  subject  to  such

                    redemption, the times, prices and other terms

                    and conditions of such redemption;

 

               (iv) the  terms  and  amount of any  sinking  fund

                    provided  for  the purchase or redemption  of

                    the shares of such series or class;

 

               (v)  whether  or not the shares of such series  or

                    class   shall   be   convertible   into    or

                    exchangeable for shares of any other class or

                    classes  of any stock or any other series  of

                    any  class of stock of the corporation,  and,

                    if   provision  is  made  for  conversion  or

                    exchange,    the   times,   prices,    rates,

                    adjustments,  and other terms and  conditions

                    of such conversion or exchange;

 

               (vi) the  extent, if any, to which the holders  of

                    shares  of  such  series or  class  shall  be

                    entitled to vote with respect to the election

                    of directors or otherwise;

 

               (vii)     the restrictions, if any on the issue or

                    reissue  of  any additional Preferred  Stock;

                    and

 

               (viii)     the rights of the holders of the shares

                    of such series or class upon the liquidation,

                    dissolution, or distribution of assets of the

                    corporation.

 

     A  statement  of  the designations of each class  of  common

stock  and  the  powers, preferences and rights,  qualifications,

limitations or restrictions thereof is as follows:

     B.   DIVIDENDS

 

     After  the  corporation  shall have complied  with  all  the

requirements, if any, with respect to the setting aside  of  sums

as  purchase,  retirement of sinking funds, and  subject  to  the

priorities and preferences of the Preferred Stock, then  and  not

otherwise the holders of the Common Stock, Class A Common  Stock,

and  Class  B  Common  Stock shall be entitled  to  receive  such

dividends if, as and when declared from time to time by the board

of  directors.  Dividends and stock splits shall be declared  and

paid  to  holders  of  any class of common  stock  only  if  such

dividends  and stock splits are declared and paid to  holders  of

all classes of common stock on an equal per share basis.

 

     If  at  any  time  a distribution of Common Stock,  Class  B

Common Stock, Class A Common Stock or any other securities of the

company  is  to be made to holders of any class of  common  stock

(hereinafter sometimes referred to as "share distribution"), such

share distribution may be declared and paid only as follows:

 

               (i)  a  share distribution consisting of shares of

                    Common  Stock to holders of Common Stock  and

                    Class  B  Common Stock on an equal per  share

                    basis;  provided,  there  shall  also  be   a

                    simultaneous share distribution  of  Class  A

                    Common  Stock  to holders of Class  A  Common

                    Stock  consisting of shares of Class A Common

                    Stock on an equal per share basis;

 

               (ii) a  share distribution consisting of shares of

                    Class  A  Common Stock to holders of Class  A

                    Common  Stock  on an equal per  share  basis;

                    provided,  there shall also be a simultaneous

                    share distribution of Common Stock to holders

                    of  Common Stock and Class B Common Stock  on

                    an equal per share basis; and

 

               (iii)      a  share distribution consisting of any

                    other  class of securities of the corporation

                    to  the  holders  of Common  Stock,  Class  B

                    Common Stock and Class A Common Stock  on  an

                    equal per share basis.

 

     Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, a share distribution

consisting of shares of Class A Common Stock may be declared  and

paid  to holders of Common Stock and Class B Common Stock  on  an

equal per share basis if such distribution represents the initial

issuance of shares of Class A Common Stock.

 

     C.   OTHER DISTRIBUTIONS

 

     Notwithstanding  anything  to  the  contrary  contained   in

Article  THIRTEENTH  hereof,  in  the  event  of  any  merger  or

consolidation, voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution,

distribution  of  assets  of winding-up of  the  corporation  and

subject to the priorities and preferences of the Preferred Stock,

each  share  of Common Stock, Class A Common Stock, and  Class  B

Common  Stock  shall entitle the holder thereof  to  receive  the

identical  consideration with respect to whatever kind of  assets

are  available  for distribution to holders of  common  stock  or

stock  into  which shares of common stock of the corporation  are

converted.

     D.   VOTING RIGHTS AND POWERS

 

          (1)   COMMON STOCK:  Each holder of Common Stock  shall

be  entitled to one vote for each share of Common Stock  held  on

any  matter required to be approved, by vote or otherwise, by the

stockholders of the corporation.

 

          (2)   CLASS A COMMON STOCK:  No share of Class A Common

Stock  shall entitle the holder thereof to any vote,  consent  or

approval with respect to any matter requiring approval,  by  vote

or  otherwise, by the stockholders of the corporation  except  as

otherwise required by law.

 

          (3)   CLASS  B COMMON STOCK:  Each holder  of  Class  B

Common  Stock  shall be entitled to one vote for  each  share  of

Class  B  Common Stock held by him upon any matter coming  before

any  annual  or  special  meeting  of  the  stockholders  of  the

corporation; and, so long as more than fifty percent (50%) of the

authorized  number  of  shares  of  Class  B  Common  Stock   are

outstanding,  the holders of said shares of Class B Common  Stock

shall  vote as a separate class upon any corporate matter, except

the election of directors of the corporation, submitted to a vote

of  the  stockholders of the corporation at any annual or special

meeting  thereof, and the approval of the holders of said  shares

of  Class  B  Common  Stock,  voting  as  a  class,  shall  be  a

prerequisite to the adoption of any matter submitted to a vote of

the stockholders.

 

     E.   CONVERSION

 

     In  the  event  that  at  any time the  board  of  directors

determines,  in  good faith, that either of the following  events

has  occurred (i) the aggregate number of outstanding  shares  of

Common  Stock and Class B Common Stock together is less than  10%

of  the  aggregate number of outstanding shares of Common  Stock,

Class B Common Stock, and Class A Common Stock together, or  (ii)

any  "person",  as  such term is defined in  Article  THIRTEENTH,

Paragraph  B(1) of this Certificate of Incorporation, other  than

one  or  more members of the Krehbiel Family (as defined  below),

becomes  or  is the Beneficial Owner, as such term is defined  in

Article  THIRTEENTH,  Paragraph  B(3)  of  this  Certificate   of

Incorporation, of a majority of the outstanding shares of  Common

Stock; each authorized share of Class A Common Stock (whether  or

not  then issued) shall automatically be converted into one share

of  Common  Stock.   Upon such conversion, the  total  number  of

shares  of  Common Stock the corporation shall have authority  to

issue  shall  be one hundred twenty million (120,000,000)  shares

and  the  total  number of shares of Class  A  Common  Stock  the

corporation  shall  have authority to issue  shall  be  zero  (0)

shares.   Such  conversion ratio as set forth in this  paragraph,

shall, in all events, be equitably preserved in the event of  any

recapitalization of the corporation by means of a stock  dividend

on,  or split or combination of outstanding Common Stock or Class

A  Common Stock, or in the event of any merger, consolidation  or

other reorganization of the corporation with another corporation.

In   making  such  determination,  the  board  of  directors  may

conclusively  rely on any information or documentation  available

to  it,  including filings made with the Securities and  Exchange

Commission,  any  stock  exchange, the  National  Association  of

Securities  Dealers, Inc. or any other governmental or regulatory

agencies,  or any written instrument purporting to be  authentic.

Upon  the  board of director's determination of the happening  of

either  of the events set forth in (i) or (ii) above, the  shares

of Class A Common Stock shall be deemed without further action to

be  immediately and automatically converted into shares of Common

Stock,  and  stock  certificates formerly  representing  Class  A

Common  Stock  shall  thereupon  and  thereafter  be  deemed   to

represent  a  like  number  of  shares  of  Common  Stock.    The

determination by the board of directors that either (i)  or  (ii)

of  this  paragraph has occurred shall be conclusive and  binding

and the conversion of each share of Class A Common Stock into one

share  of  Common  Stock  shall remain  effective  regardless  of

whether  either  (i) or (ii) of this paragraph  has  occurred  in

fact.

 

     As used herein, the term "Krehbiel Family" shall mean:

 

               (i)  John  H. Krehbiel, John H. Krehbiel, Jr.  and

                    Frederick  A.  Krehbiel  (collectively,   the

                    "Krehbiels"),   any   of   their   respective

                    descendants, and any spouse, widow or widower

                    of  any  of  the Krehbiels or  any  of  their

                    respective  descendants  (collectively,   the

                    "Family Members");

 

               (ii) any  trust established by one or more of  the

                    Family Members;

 

               (iii)     any estate of a Family Member;

 

               (iv) any    foundation    and    any    charitable

                    organization  that  qualifies  as  an  exempt

                    organization under the Internal Revenue  Code

                    of   1986,   as  amended,  or  any  successor

                    statute,  established by one or more  of  the

                    Family Members; and

 

               (v)  any  corporation or partnership  of  which  a

                    majority  of the voting power and a  majority

                    of  the equity interest is held, directly  or

                    indirectly, by or for the benefit of  one  or

                    more of the Family Members.

 

     Shares  of  Class  B Common Stock shall be convertible  into

shares  of  the Common Stock of the corporation at the option  of

the  holder thereof at any time on a share for share basis.  Such

conversion  ratio shall in all events be equitably  preserved  in

the event of any recapitalization of the corporation by means  of

a   stock  dividend  on,  or  stock  split  or  combination   of,

outstanding Common Stock or Class B Common Stock, or in the event

of  any  merger,  consolidation or other  reorganization  of  the

corporation  with  another corporation.  Upon the  conversion  of

Class B Common Stock into shares of Common Stock, said shares  of

Class B Common Stock shall be retired and shall not be subject to

reissue.

 

     FIFTH:     The name and mailing address of each incorporator

is as follows:

 

 

   Name             Mailing Address

 

S. E.       100 West Tenth Street,

Widdoes     Wilmington, Delaware

 

W. J.       100 West Tenth Street,

Reif        Wilmington, Delaware

 

R. A.       100 West Tenth Street,

Finger      Wilmington, Delaware

 

     SIXTH:     The name and mailing address of each person,  who

is  to serve as a director until the first annual meeting of  the

stockholders or until a successor is elected and qualified, is as

follows:

 

 

      Name             Mailing Address

 

John H.           2222 Wellington, Lisle,

Krehbiel, Sr.     Illinois 60532

 

John H.           2222 Wellington, Lisle,

Krehbiel, Jr.     Illinois 60532

 

Frederick A.      2222 Wellington, Lisle,

Krehbiel          Illinois 60532

 

Marie Manatte     2222 Wellington, Lisle,

                  Illinois 60532

 

     SEVENTH:  The corporation is to have perpetual existence.

 

     EIGHTH:   In furtherance and not in limitation of the powers

conferred  by  statute,  the  board  of  directors  is  expressly

authorized:

 

     To make, alter or repeal the by-laws of the corporation.

 

     To  authorize  and  cause to be executed the  mortgages  and

liens upon the real and personal property of the corporation.

 

     To  set  apart  out of any of the funds of  the  corporation

available  for  dividends a reserve or reserves  for  any  proper

purpose and to abolish any such reserve in the manner in which it

was created.

 

     By  a  majority of the whole board, to designate one or more

committees,  each  committee to consist of one  or  more  of  the

directors  of  the corporation.  The board may designate  one  or

more  directors  as alternate members of any committee,  who  may

replace any absent or disqualified member at any meeting  of  the

committee.   The  by-laws  may provide that  in  the  absence  or

disqualification  of  a  member of a  committee,  the  member  or

members thereof present at any meeting and not disqualified  from

voting,  whether  or  not  he or they constitute  a  quorum,  may

unanimously  appoint another member of the board of directors  to

act  at  the  meeting  in  the  place  of  any  such  absent   or

disqualified member.  Any such committee, to the extent  provided

in the resolution of the board of directors, or in the by-laws of

the  corporation, shall have and may exercise all the powers  and

authority  of  the  board of directors in the management  of  the

business  and  affairs of the corporation, and may authorize  the

seal  of  the corporation to be affixed to all papers  which  may

require  it;  but  no  such committee shall  have  the  power  or

authority   in   reference  to  amending   the   certificate   of

incorporation,  adopting an agreement of merger or consolidation,

recommending to the stockholders the sale, lease or  exchange  of

all  or  substantially  all  of the  corporation's  property  and

assets,  recommending to the stockholders a  dissolution  of  the

corporation or a revocation of a dissolution, or amending the by-

laws  of  the corporation; and, unless the resolution or  by-laws

expressly so provide, no such committee shall have the  power  or

authority  to declare a dividend or to authorize the issuance  of

stock.

     NINTH:

 

     Section   1.       Elimination  of  Certain   Liability   of

Directors.

 

     To  the  fullest  extent permitted by the  Delaware  General

Corporation Law, as the same exists or may hereafter be  amended,

a  director  of  this  corporation shall not  be  liable  to  the

corporation or its stockholders for monetary damages  for  breach

of fiduciary duty as a director.

 

     Section 2.     Indemnification and Insurance.

 

          (a)  Right to Indemnification.  Each person who was  or

is  made  a party or is threatened to be made a party  to  or  is

involved  in  any  action,  suit or  proceeding,  whether  civil,

criminal,   administrative   or  investigative   (hereinafter   a

"proceeding"), by reason of the fact that he or she, or a  person

of  whom  he  or she is the legal representative,  is  or  was  a

director  or officer, of the corporation or is or was serving  at

the  request of the corporation as a director, officer,  employee

or  agent  of  another  corporation or of  a  partnership,  joint

venture,  trust  or  other  enterprise,  including  service  with

respect  to  employee benefit plans, whether the  basis  of  such

proceeding  is  alleged  action in  an  official  capacity  as  a

director,  officer,  employee or agent or in any  capacity  while

serving  as  a  director, officer, employee or  agent,  shall  be

indemnified  and held harmless by the corporation to the  fullest

extent authorized by the Delaware General Corporation Law, as the

same exists or may hereafter be amended (but, in the case of  any

such  amendment,  only to the extent that such amendment  permits

the  corporation to provide broader indemnification  rights  than

said  law  permitted  the corporation to provide  prior  to  such

amendment),  against all expenses, liability and loss  (including

attorney's  fees,  judgments,  fines,  ERISA  excise   taxes   or

penalties   and  amounts  paid  or  to  be  paid  in  settlement)

reasonably  incurred  or suffered by such  person  in  connection

therewith and such indemnification shall continue as to a  person

who  has ceased to be a director, officer, employee or agent  and

shall  inure  to the benefit of his or her heirs,  executors  and

administrators:  provided, however, that, except as  provided  in

paragraph  (b) hereof, the corporation shall indemnify  any  such

person  seeking indemnification in connection with  a  proceeding

(or   part  thereof)  initiated  by  such  person  only  if  such

proceeding  (or  part thereof) was authorized  by  the  board  of

directors  of  the  corporation.  The  right  to  indemnification

conferred  in  this Section shall be a contract right  and  shall

include  the  right  to be paid by the corporation  the  expenses

incurred in defending any such proceeding in advance of its final

disposition:   provided, however, that if  the  Delaware  General

Corporation  Law requires, the payment of such expenses  incurred

by  a  director or officer in his or her capacity as director  or

officer (and not in any other capacity in which service was or is

rendered  by such person while a director or officer,  including,

without  limitation,  service to an  employee  benefit  plan)  in

advance  of the final disposition of a proceeding, shall be  made

only upon delivery to the corporation of an undertaking, by or on

behalf  of  such  director or officer, to repay  all  amounts  so

advanced  if it shall ultimately be determined that such director

or  officer is not entitled to be indemnified under this  Section

or  otherwise.  The corporation may, by action of  its  board  of

directors, provide indemnification to employees and agents of the

corporation  with  the  same scope and effect  as  the  foregoing

indemnification of directors and officers.

 

          (b)  Right of Claimant to Bring Suit.  If a claim under

paragraph  (a)  of  this  Section is not  paid  in  full  by  the

corporation  within thirty days after a written  claim  has  been

received  by  the  corporation, the  claimant  may  at  any  time

thereafter  bring  suit against the corporation  to  recover  the

unpaid amount of the claim and if successful in whole or in part,

the  claimant  shall be entitled to be paid also the  expense  of

prosecuting such claim.  It shall be a defense to any such action

(other  than  an action brought to enforce a claim  for  expenses

incurred  in  defending any proceeding in advance  of  its  final

disposition  where the required undertaking, if any is  required,

has  been tendered to the corporation) that the claimant has  not

met  the standards of conduct which make it permissible under the

Delaware General Corporation Law for the corporation to indemnify

the  claimant for the amount claimed, but the burden  of  proving

such defense shall be on the corporation.  Neither the failure of

the  corporation  (including its board of directors,  independent

legal  counsel, or its stockholders) to have made a determination

prior to the commencement of such action that indemnification  of

the claimant is proper in the circumstances because he or she has

met  the applicable standard of conduct set forth in the Delaware

General  Corporation  Law,  nor an actual  determination  by  the

corporation (including its board of directors, independent  legal

counsel, or its stockholders) that the claimant has not met  such

applicable standard or conduct, shall be a defense to the  action

or  create  a  presumption  that the claimant  has  not  met  the

applicable standard of conduct.

 

          (c)    Non-Exclusivity  of  Rights.    The   right   to

indemnification and the payment of expenses incurred in defending

a  proceeding  in advance of its final disposition  conferred  in

this Section shall not be exclusive of any other right which  any

person may have or hereafter acquire under any statute, provision

of  the Certificate of Incorporation, by-law, agreement, vote  of

stockholders or disinterested directors or otherwise.

 

          (d)    Insurance.    The   corporation   may   maintain

insurance,  at  its expense, to protect itself and any  director,

officer,  employee  or  agent  of  the  corporation  or   another

corporation,   partnership,  joint  venture,   trust   or   other

enterprise  against any such expense, liability or loss,  whether

or  not  the  corporation would have the power to indemnify  such

person against such expense, liability or loss under the Delaware

General Corporation Law.

 

     TENTH:     Whenever a compromise or arrangement is  proposed

between  this corporation and its creditors or any class of  them

and/or between this corporation and its stockholders or any class

of  them, any court of equitable jurisdiction within the State of

Delaware  may,  on  the  application in a  summary  way  of  this

corporation or of any creditor or stockholder thereof, or on  the

application  of  any  receiver or receivers  appointed  for  this

corporation under the provisions of Section 291 of Title 8 of the

Delaware Code or on the application of trustees in dissolution or

of any receiver or receivers appointed for this corporation under

the  provisions  of Section 279 of Title 8 of the  Delaware  Code

order a meeting of the creditors or class of creditors, and/or of

the stockholders or class of stockholders of this corporation, as

the  case may be, to be summoned in such manner as the said court

directs.   If a majority in number representing three-fourths  in

value  of  the  creditors or class of creditors,  and/or  of  the

stockholders or class of stockholders of this corporation, as the

case  may be, agree to any compromise or arrangement and  to  any

reorganization  of  this  corporation  as  consequence  of   such

compromise or arrangement, the said compromise or arrangement and

the  said  reorganization shall, if sanctioned by  the  court  to

which  the said application has been made, be binding on all  the

creditors  or  class of creditors, and/or on all the stockholders

or  class  of stockholders, of this corporation, as the case  may

be, and also on this corporation.

     ELEVENTH:  Meetings of stockholders may be  held  within  or

without  the State of Delaware, as the by-laws may provide.   The

books  of  the corporation may be kept (subject to any  provision

contained in the statutes) outside the State of Delaware at  such

place  or  places as may be designated from time to time  by  the

board  of  directors  or  in  the  by-laws  of  the  corporation.

Elections  of directors need not be by written ballot unless  the

by-laws of the corporation shall so provide.

 

     TWELFTH:   The  corporation reserves  the  right  to  amend,

alter,   change  or  repeal  any  provision  contained  in   this

certificate  of  incorporation, in the manner  now  or  hereafter

prescribed by statute, and all rights conferred upon stockholders

herein are granted subject to this reservation.

 

     THIRTEENTH:

 

     A.   BUSINESS COMBINATIONS WITH INTERESTED STOCKHOLDERS

 

     Notwithstanding Paragraph D of Article FOURTH,  in  addition

to  any  affirmative vote required by law or this Certificate  of

Incorporation,  the affirmative vote of holders  of  75%  of  the

outstanding shares of Common Stock and Class B Common Stock  that

are  beneficially owned by stockholders other than the Interested

Stockholder  who  is a party to the Business Combination  of  the

corporation  with  an Interested Stockholder;  provided  however,

that such 75% voting requirement shall not be applicable if:

 

               (i)  the  Business  Combination is solely  between

                    the  corporation and any Subsidiary and  does

                    not  have the effect of increasing the actual

                    or  potential voting power of such Interested

                    Stockholder; or

 

               (ii) the  Continuing Directors of the corporation,

                    by   at   least  a  majority  vote  of   such

                    Continuing Directors, have expressly approved

                    such  Business Combination either in  advance

                    of   or   subsequent   to   such   Interested

                    Stockholder's  having  become  an  Interested

                    Stockholder; or

 

               (iii)      all of the Minimum Price and Procedural

                    Conditions are satisfied.

 

     B.   CERTAIN DEFINITIONS

 

          (1)   The term "Interested Stockholder" shall mean  (a)

any  person  other  than the corporation or a  Subsidiary  which,

together  with  its Affiliates and Associates, is the  Beneficial

Owner of an aggregate of 10% or more of the outstanding shares of

voting  stock  of  the  corporation, and  (b)  any  Affiliate  or

Associate  of  any such person; provided however, that  the  term

Interested  Stockholder  shall not include  (i)  a  person  whose

acquisition  of  such aggregate percentage of  Common  Stock  and

Class  B  Common  Stock was approved in advance  by  at  least  a

majority  of  the  Continuing Directors or (ii)  any  trustee  or

fiduciary  when acting in such capacity with respect to  employee

benefit  plans of the corporation or a Subsidiary.  An Interested

Stockholder  shall be deemed the Beneficial Owner of  all  Common

Stock  and  Class  B  Common  Stock of  which  any  Affiliate  or

Associate of such Interested Stockholder is the Beneficial Owner.

The   term  "person"  shall  mean  any  individual,  corporation,

partnership or other entity, including any group comprised of any

person  and  any  other  person with  whom  such  person  of  any

Affiliate or Associate thereof has any agreement, arrangement  or

understanding,  directly  or  indirectly,  for  the  purpose   of

acquiring, holding, voting or disposing of Common Stock or  Class

B Common Stock.

 

          (2)   The  term  "Business Combination" includes,  when

entered into by the corporation or a Subsidiary with, or upon the

proposal   by,   an   Interested   Stockholder,   the   following

transactions or series of related transactions:

 

               (i)  the  acquisition, merger or consolidation  of

                    the corporation or any Subsidiary;

 

               (ii) any  sale, lease, exchange, transfer or other

                    disposition,  including  without  limitation,

                    creation   of   any  mortgage   or   security

                    interest, of any assets of the corporation or

                    any Subsidiary having a fair market value, as

                    determined  by  at least a  majority  of  the

                    Continuing Directors, equal to 10% or more of

                    the   total   consolidated  assets   of   the

                    corporation  (including  without  limitation,

                    any voting securities of a Subsidiary) as  of

                    the  end of its most recent fiscal year prior

                    to the time the determination is being made;

 

               (iii)       the   issuance  or  transfer  of   any

                    securities of the corporation or a Subsidiary

                    having a fair market value of 10% or more, as

                    determined  by  at least a  majority  of  the

                    Continuing    Directors,   of    the    total

                    consolidated assets of the corporation as  of

                    the  end of its most recent fiscal year prior

                    to  the time the determination is being made,

                    in  exchange for cash or property  (including

                    stock or other securities);

 

               (iv) the  approval of a plan or proposal  for  the

                    liquidation or dissolution of the corporation

                    or any Subsidiary;

 

               (v)  any     reclassification    of    securities,

                    recapitalization, consolidation or any  other

                    transaction  that would have  the  direct  or

                    indirect  effect  of  increasing  the  voting

                    power (whether or not then exercisable) of an

                    Interested Stockholder in any class or series

                    of  capital stock of the corporation  or  any

                    Subsidiary; and

 

               (vi) any  agreement, contract or other arrangement

                    providing for directly or indirectly  any  of

                    the transactions described in this definition

                    of Business Combination.

 

          (3)   The term "Beneficial Owner" shall mean any person

who  beneficially owns any Common Stock or Class B  Common  Stock

within  the  meaning ascribed in Rule 13d-3 of the General  Rules

and Regulations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as  in

effect   on  the  date  of  approval  of  this  Article  by   the

stockholders of the corporation, or who has the right to  acquire

any  such  beneficial ownership (whether or  not  such  right  is

exercisable  immediately)  pursuant to any  agreement,  contract,

arrangement  or understanding or upon the exercise of  conversion

rights, exchange rights, warrants or options, or otherwise.

          (4)   The  term  "Continuing  Director"  shall  mean  a

director  of the corporation who is not an Interested Stockholder

entering into or proposing the Business Combination at issue  and

(i) who was a member of the board of directors of the corporation

immediately  prior  to the time that such Interested  Stockholder

became  an  Interested Stockholder or (ii)  any  successor  to  a

Continuing Director as described in (i) of this subparagraph  (4)

who is recommended or elected to succeed a Continuing Director by

the  affirmative  vote of a majority of the Continuing  Directors

then on the board of directors of the corporation, provided that,

in  either  such case, such Continuing Director has continued  in

office after becoming a Continuing Director.

 

          (5)   An Interested Stockholder shall be deemed to have

acquired a share of Common Stock or Class B Common Stock  at  the

time when such Interested Stockholder became the Beneficial Owner

thereof.   The  price deemed to have been paid by  an  Interested

Stockholder for Common Stock or Class B Common Stock of which  an

"Affiliate" or "Associate" is the Beneficial Owner shall  be  the

price,  as  determined  by vote of at least  a  majority  of  the

Continuing Directors, which is the highest of (i) the price  paid

upon  the  acquisition  thereof by the  relevant  "Affiliate"  or

"Associate"  (if  any,  and whether or not  such  "Affiliate"  or

"Associate" was an "Affiliate" or "Associate" at the time of such

acquisition), (ii) the highest market price of the  Common  Stock

or  Class  B  Common  Stock  at  the  time  when  the  Interested

Stockholder  became the Beneficial Owner thereof  and  (iii)  the

highest  price previously paid by such Interested Stockholder  or

an  Affiliate or Associate thereof for such Common Stock or Class

B Common Stock.

 

          (6)   The term "Subsidiary" means any entity which  the

corporation owns, directly or indirectly, (i) a majority  of  the

outstanding shares of equity securities of such entity,  or  (ii)

shares  having a majority of the voting power represented by  all

of the outstanding voting stock of such entity.

 

          (7)   "Minimum  Price and Procedural Conditions"  shall

mean all of the following conditions:

 

               (i)  the  aggregate amount of cash and Fair Market

                    Value, as of the date of the consummation  of

                    the  Business  Combination (the "Consummation

                    Date"), of consideration other than cash,  to

                    be received per share of common stock in such

                    Business   Combination  by  holders  thereof,

                    shall  be  at  least equal in  value  to  the

                    higher  of  (a) the highest per share  price,

                    including any brokerage commissions, transfer

                    taxes  and  soliciting  dealers'  fees  (with

                    appropriate          adjustments          for

                    recapitalizations,  reclassifications,  stock

                    splits,   reverse  stock  splits  and   stock

                    dividends) paid by the Interested Stockholder

                    in  acquiring any shares of Common  Stock  or

                    Class  B  Common Stock within the three  year

                    period  immediately prior to the first public

                    announcement   of   the   proposed   Business

                    Combination  or the per share price  paid  by

                    the Interested Stockholder in the transaction

                    in which it became an Interested Stockholder,

                    whichever  is higher, or (b) the Fair  Market

                    Value per share of Common Stock as determined

                    by  the Continuing Directors on the date  the

                    Business   Combination  is   first   publicly

                    announced;

               (ii) the Business Combination shall be consummated

                    within the three year period after the  later

                    of  (a)  the  date the Interested Stockholder

                    became  an Interested Stockholder or (b)  the

                    first  public  announcement of  the  proposed

                    Business Combination;

 

               (iii)      after  such Interested Stockholder  has

                    become an Interested Stockholder and prior to

                    the  Consummation Date, (a) there shall  have

                    been  (i) no reduction in the annual rate  of

                    dividends  paid on the common  stock  of  the

                    corporation (except as necessary  to  reflect

                    any   stock  dividend  or  stock   split   or

                    distribution  with  respect  to  the   common

                    stock,),   except   as   approved   by    the

                    affirmative  vote  of  a  majority   of   the

                    Continuing Directors, and (ii) an increase in

                    such annual rate of dividends as necessary to

                    reflect  any reclassification (including  any

                    reverse   stock   split),   recapitalization,

                    reorganization  or  any  similar  transaction

                    which  has the effect of reducing the  number

                    of  outstanding shares of the  common  stock,

                    unless the failure so to increase such annual

                    rate is approved by the affirmative vote of a

                    majority  of  the Continuing  Directors;  (b)

                    such  Interested Stockholder shall  not  have

                    become the Beneficial Owner of any additional

                    shares  of  voting stock of  the  corporation

                    except  as  part  of  the  transaction  which

                    results   in   such  Interested   Stockholder

                    becoming   an  Interested  Stockholder;   (c)

                    neither  such Interested Stockholder nor  any

                    Affiliate  or  Associate thereof  shall  have

                    received  the benefit, directly or indirectly

                    (except  proportionately as a stockholder  of

                    the  corporation),  of any  loans,  advances,

                    guarantees,   pledges  or   other   financial

                    assistance  or any tax credits or  other  tax

                    advantages  provided by the corporation;  and

                    (d)   a   proxy   or  information   statement

                    describing  the proposed Business Combination

                    and  complying with the requirements  of  the

                    Securities  Exchange  Act  of  1934  and  the

                    General Rules and Regulations thereunder  (or

                    any subsequent provisions replacing such Act,

                    rules  or  regulations)  and  disclosing  the

                    terms and conditions of the proposed Business

                    Combination   shall   be   mailed   to    the

                    stockholders of the corporation at  least  30

                    days  prior to the Consummation Date (whether

                    or not such proxy or information statement is

                    required to be mailed pursuant to such Act or

                    subsequent provisions thereof).

 

          (8)  The term "Fair Market Value" shall mean (i) in the

case  of stock, the highest closing sale price during the  30-day

period  immediately preceding the date in question of a share  of

such  stock  on  the Composite Tape for New York Stock  Exchange-

Listed Stocks, or, if such stock is not reported on the Composite

Tape,  on the New York Stock Exchange, or, if such stock  is  not

listed   on  such  Exchange,  on  the  principal  United   States

securities  exchange registered under the Exchange Act  on  which

such  stock is listed or, if such stock is not listed on any such

exchange,  the highest closing bid quotation with  respect  to  a

share  of such stock during the 30-day period preceding the  date

in  question  on the National Association of Securities  Dealers,

Inc.  Automated  Quotations  System or  any  similar  interdealer

quotation  system  then  in use, or,  if  no  such  quotation  is

available,  the fair market value on the date in  question  of  a

share of such stock as determined by a majority of the Continuing

Directors  in good faith; and (ii) in the case of property  other

than cash or stock, the fair market value of such property on the

date  in  question as determined by a majority of the  Continuing

Directors in good faith.

 

          (9)   The terms "Affiliate" and "Associate" shall  have

the  same  meaning  as  in Rule 12b-2 of the  General  Rules  and

Regulations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 s in effect

on  the  date of the approval of this Article by the stockholders

of the corporation.

 

     The  Continuing Directors shall have the power to  make  all

determinations with respect to the definitions as  set  forth  in

this Section B of Article THIRTEENTH.

 

     This  Article THIRTEENTH shall be subject to the  provisions

of Article FOURTH hereof.

 

     C.   AMENDMENTS, ALTERATION, OR REPEAL OF ARTICLE

          THIRTEENTH

 

     In  addition  to  any  requirements of  law  and  any  other

provisions of this Certificate of Incorporation or any resolution

or resolutions of the board of directors adopted pursuant to this

Certificate of Incorporation (and notwithstanding the fact that a

lesser  percentage may be specified by law, this  Certificate  of

Incorporation or any such resolutions), the affirmative  vote  of

the  holders of 75% of the then outstanding Common Stock held  by

stockholders  other than an Interested Stockholder  and  Class  B

Common  Stock  shall be required to amend, alter  or  repeal,  or

adopt  any provision inconsistent with the requirements of,  this

Article.

 

     FOURTEENTH:

 

     A.   NUMBER OF DIRECTORS

 

     The  number  of directors which shall constitute  the  whole

board of directors shall be determined in the manner provided  in

the by-laws of the corporation.

 

     B.   CLASSIFIED BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

     The  board of directors shall be divided into three  classes

of  directors (each, a "Class"), known as Class I, Class  II  and

Class  III,  with the term of office of one Class  expiring  each

year.   Each  Class  shall  consist, as nearly  as  possible,  of

one-third  of  the  total  number of directors  constituting  the

entire board of directors.  The initial division of the board  of

directors  shall  be made by the decision of a  majority  of  the

entire board of directors.  The initial Class I directors elected

by  the stockholders of the corporation shall hold office  for  a

term  expiring  at  the 2000 annual meeting of  stockholders  and

until their successors shall be elected and qualified, subject to

prior  death,  retirement, resignation or  removal;  the  initial

Class II directors elected by the stockholders of the corporation

shall  hold office for a term expiring at the 2001 annual meeting

of  stockholders and until their successors shall be elected  and

qualified,  subject  to prior death, retirement,  resignation  or

removal;  and  the  initial Class III directors  elected  by  the

stockholders  of  the corporation shall hold office  for  a  term

expiring  at  the 2002 annual meeting of stockholders  and  until

their successors shall be elected and qualified, subject to prior

death,  retirement, resignation or removal.  At each such  annual

meeting  of  stockholders and at each annual meeting  thereafter,

successors to the Class of directors whose term expires  at  that

meeting shall be elected for a term expiring at the third  annual

meeting following their election and until their successors shall

be  elected  and  qualified, subject to prior death,  retirement,

resignation or removal.

 

     C.   EFFECT OF CHANGE IN THE NUMBER OF DIRECTORS

 

     In  the  event of any increase or decrease in the authorized

number of directors, (1) each director then serving as such shall

nevertheless continue as director of the Class of which he or she

is  a member until the expiration of such director's current term

or  his  or prior death, retirement, resignation or removal,  and

(2)  the newly created or eliminated directorships resulting from

such  increase or decrease shall be apportioned by the  board  of

directors  among the three Classes of directors so as  to  ensure

that  no one Class has more than one director more than any other

Class,  and  each director so elected shall hold office  for  the

same term as the other members of the Class to which the director

is assigned.  No decrease in the number of directors constituting

the  whole  board  of  directors shall shorten  the  term  of  an

incumbent director.

 

     D.   DIRECTORS ELECTED BY PREFERRED STOCKHOLDERS

 

     Notwithstanding  the foregoing provisions  of  this  Article

Fourteenth,  whenever the holders of any one or more  classes  or

series  of  Preferred Stock issued by the corporation shall  have

the  right,  voting  separately by  class  or  series,  to  elect

directors  at  an annual or special meeting of stockholders,  the

election, term of office, filling of vacancies and other features

of  such  directorships shall be governed by the  terms  of  this

Certificate  of  Incorporation or the resolution  or  resolutions

adopted  by  the  board of directors pursuant to  Article  Fourth

hereof  applicable thereto, and such directors so  elected  shall

not  be  divided into classes pursuant to this Article Fourteenth

unless expressly provided by such terms.

 

     WE,   THE  UNDERSIGNED,  being  each  of  the  incorporators

hereinbefore  named,  for the purpose of  forming  a  corporation

pursuant to the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware,

do  make  this certificate, hereby declaring and certifying  that

this  is  our act and deed and the facts herein stated are  true,

and  accordingly  have hereunto set our hands  this  8th  day  of

September, 1972.

 

[As Filed: 09-22-2000]