Exhibit 3.6
 
                                     BY-LAWS
 
                                       OF
 
                                PEOPLESOFT, INC.
 
                   (As Amended and Restated February 26, 2002)
 
 
                                    ARTICLE I
 
                                CORPORATE OFFICES
 
        1.1 REGISTERED OFFICE
 
        The registered office of the corporation shall be in the City of
Wilmington, County of New Castle, State of Delaware. The name of the registered
agent of the corporation at such location is The Corporation Trust Company.
 
        1.2 OTHER OFFICES
 
        The board of directors may at any time establish other offices at any
place or places where the corporation is qualified to do business.
 
                                   ARTICLE II
 
                            MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS
 
        2.1 PLACE OF MEETINGS
 
        Meetings of stockholders shall be held at any place, within or outside
the State of Delaware, designated by the board of directors. In the absence of
any such designation, stockholders' meetings shall be held at the registered
office of the corporation.
 
        The board of directors may, in its sole discretion, determine that any
such meeting shall not be held at any place, but may instead be held solely by
means of remote communication in accordance with Section 211(a)(2) of the
General Corporation Law of Delaware. If authorized by the board of directors in
its sole discretion, and subject to such guidelines and procedures as the board
of directors may adopt, stockholders and proxyholders not physically present at
a meeting of stockholders may, by means of remote communication (a) participate
in a meeting of stockholders, and (b) be deemed present in person and vote at a
meeting of stockholders whether such meeting is to be held at a designated place
or solely by means of remote communication, provided that (i) the
 
 
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corporation shall implement reasonable measures to verify that each person
deemed present and permitted to vote at the meeting by means of remote
communication is a stockholder or proxyholder, (ii) the corporation shall
implement reasonable measures to provide such stockholders and proxyholders a
reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and to vote on matters
submitted to the stockholders, including an opportunity to read or hear the
proceedings of the meeting substantially concurrently with such proceedings, and
(iii) if any stockholder or proxyholder votes or takes other action at the
meeting by means of remote communication, a record of such vote or other action
shall be maintained by the corporation.
 
        2.2 ANNUAL MEETING
 
        The annual meeting of stockholders shall be held each year on a date and
at a time designated by the board of directors. At the meeting, directors shall
be elected and any other proper business may be transacted.
 
        2.3 SPECIAL MEETING
 
        A special meeting of the stockholders may be called at any time by the
board of directors, or by the chairman of the board, or by the president. No
other person or persons are permitted to call a special meeting. No business may
be conducted at a special meeting other than the business brought before the
meeting by the board of directors or the chairman of the board or the president.
 
        2.4 NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDERS' MEETINGS
 
        All notices of meetings with stockholders shall be in writing and shall
be sent or otherwise given in accordance with these bylaws not less than ten
(10) nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting to each
stockholder entitled to vote at such meeting. The notice shall specify the
place, if any, the date and hour of the meeting, the means of remote
communication, if any, by which the stockholders or proxyholders may be deemed
to be present in person and vote at such meeting, and, in the case of a special
meeting, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called.
 
        2.5 MANNER OF GIVING NOTICE; AFFIDAVIT OF NOTICE
 
        Written notice of any meeting of stockholders, if mailed, is given when
deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid, directed to the
stockholder at such stockholder's post office or street address as it appears on
the records of the corporation, and if transmitted by electronic means, is given
when such electronic transmission is transmitted to the stockholder at such
stockholder's electronic mail address as it appears on the records of the
corporation. An affidavit of the secretary or an assistant secretary or of the
transfer agent or other agent of the corporation that the notice has been given
shall, in the absence of fraud, be prima facie evidence of the facts stated
therein. Notice shall be deemed to have been given to all stockholders of record
who share a post office or street or electronic mail address if notice is given
in accordance with the "householding" rules set forth in Rule 14a-3(e) under the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended ("Exchange Act").
 
 
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        2.6    QUORUM
 
        The holders of a majority of the stock issued and outstanding and
entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by proxy, shall
constitute a quorum at all meetings of the stockholders for the transaction of
business except as otherwise provided by statute or by the certificate of
incorporation. If, however, such quorum is not present or represented at any
meeting of the stockholders, then either (i) the chairman of the meeting or (ii)
the stockholders entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by
proxy, shall have power to adjourn the meeting from time to time, without notice
other than announcement at the meeting, until a quorum is present or
represented. At such adjourned meeting at which a quorum is present or
represented, any business may be transacted that might have been transacted at
the meeting as originally noticed.
 
        2.7 ADJOURNED MEETING; NOTICE
 
        When a meeting is adjourned to another time or place, unless these
bylaws otherwise require, notice need not be given of the adjourned meeting if
the time and place, if any, thereof, and the means of remote communications, if
any, by which stockholders and proxyholders may be deemed to be present in
person and vote at such adjourned meeting, are announced at the meeting at which
the adjournment is taken. At the adjourned meeting the corporation may transact
any business that might have been transacted at the original meeting. If the
adjournment is for more than thirty (30) days, or if after the adjournment a new
record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting, a notice of the adjourned
meeting shall be given to each stockholder of record entitled to vote at the
meeting in the manner set forth in Section 2.5.
 
        2.8 CONDUCT OF BUSINESS
 
        The chairman of any meeting of stockholders shall determine the order of
business and the procedure at the meeting, including such regulation of the
manner of voting and the conduct of business.
 
        The board of directors of the corporation shall be entitled to make such
rules or regulations for the conduct of meetings of stockholders as it shall
deem necessary, appropriate or convenient. Subject to such rules and regulations
of the board of directors, if any, the chairman of the meeting shall have the
right and authority to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and for
the proper conduct of the meeting, including, without limitation, establishing
an agenda or order of business for the meeting, rules and procedures for
maintaining order at the meeting and the safety of those present, limitations on
participation in such meeting to stockholders of record the chairman shall
permit, restrictions on entry to the meeting after the time fixed for the
commencement thereof, limitations on the time allotted to questions or comments
by participants and regulation of the opening and closing of the polls for
balloting and matters which are to be voted on by ballot. Unless and to the
extent determined by the board of directors or the chairman of the meeting,
meetings of stockholders shall not be required to be held in accordance with the
rules of parliamentary procedure.
 
        2.9 VOTING
 
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        The stockholders entitled to vote at any meeting of stockholders shall
be determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.12 of these bylaws,
subject to the provisions of Sections 217 and 218 of the General Corporation Law
of Delaware (relating to voting rights of fiduciaries, pledgors and joint owners
of stock and to voting trusts and other voting agreements).
 
        Except as may be otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation,
each stockholder shall be entitled to one vote for each share of capital stock
held by such stockholder.
 
        2.10 WAIVER OF NOTICE
 
        Whenever notice is required to be given under any provision of the
General Corporation Law of Delaware or of the certificate of incorporation or
these bylaws, a written waiver thereof, signed by the person entitled to notice
or a waiver by electronic transmission by the person entitled to notice, whether
before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent to notice.
Attendance of a person at a meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of such
meeting, except when the person attends a meeting for the express purpose of
objecting, at the beginning of the meeting, to the transaction of any business
because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Neither the business to
be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any regular or special meeting of the
stockholders need be specified in any written waiver of notice or any waiver by
electronic transmission unless so required by the certificate of incorporation
or these bylaws.
 
        2.11 STOCKHOLDER ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT WITHOUT A MEETING
 
        Unless otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation, any
action required by this chapter to be taken at any annual or special meeting of
stockholders of a corporation, or any action that may be taken at any annual or
special meeting of such stockholders, may be taken without a meeting, without
prior notice, and without a vote if a consent in writing, setting forth the
action so taken, is signed by the holders of outstanding stock having not less
than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize or take
such action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote thereon were
present and voted.
 
        Prompt notice of the taking of the corporate action without a meeting by
less than unanimous written consent shall be given to those stockholders who
have not consented in writing. If the action which is consented to is such as
would have required the filing of a certificate under any section of the General
Corporation Law of Delaware if such action had been voted on by stockholders at
a meeting thereof, then the certificate filed under such section shall state, in
lieu of any statement required by such section concerning any vote of
stockholders, that written notice and written consent have been given as
provided in Section 228 of the General Corporation Law of Delaware.
 
        2.12 RECORD DATE FOR STOCKHOLDER NOTICE; VOTING; GIVING CONSENTS
 
        In order that the corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to
notice of or to vote at any meeting of stockholders or any adjournment thereof,
or entitled to express consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting,
or entitled to receive payment of any dividend or other
 
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distribution or allotment of any rights, or entitled to exercise any rights in
respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock or for the purpose of any
other lawful action, the board of directors may fix, in advance, a record date,
which shall not be more than sixty (60) nor less than ten (10) days before the
date of such meeting, nor more than sixty (60) days prior to any other action.
 
        If the board of directors does not so fix a record date:
 
        (i) The record date for determining stockholders entitled to notice of
or to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall be at the close of business on the
day next preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at
the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which the meeting is
held.
 
        (ii) The record date for determining stockholders for any other purpose
shall be at the close of business on the day on which the board of directors
adopts the resolution relating thereto.
 
        A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to
vote at a meeting of stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting;
provided, however, that the board of directors may fix a new record date for the
adjourned meeting.
 
        2.13 PROXIES
 
        Each stockholder entitled to vote at a meeting of stockholders or to
express consent or dissent to corporate action in writing without a meeting may
authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder by a written
proxy, signed by the stockholder and filed with the secretary of the
corporation, but no such proxy shall be voted or acted upon after three (3)
years from its date, unless the proxy provides for a longer period. A proxy
shall be deemed signed if the stockholder's name is placed on the proxy (whether
by manual signature, typewriting, telegraphic transmission or otherwise) by the
stockholder or the stockholder's attorney-in-fact. The revocability of a proxy
that states on its face that it is irrevocable shall be governed by the
provisions of Section 212(c) of the General Corporation Law of Delaware.
 
        2.14 LIST OF STOCKHOLDERS ENTITLED TO VOTE
 
        The officer who has charge of the stock ledger of a corporation shall
prepare and make, at least ten (10) days before every meeting of stockholders, a
complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, arranged in
alphabetical order, and showing the post office or street address, or electronic
mail address if applicable, of each stockholder and the number of shares
registered in the name of each stockholder. Nothing contained in this Section
shall require the corporation to include electronic mail addresses or other
electronic contact information on such list. Such list shall be open to the
examination of any stockholder, for any purpose germane to the meeting, for a
period of at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting: (i) on a reasonably
accessible electronic network, provided that the information required to gain
access to such list is provided with the notice of the meeting, or (ii) during
ordinary business hours, at the principal place of business of the corporation.
The list shall also be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting
during the whole time thereof, and may be inspected by any stockholder who is
present. Such list shall presumptively
 
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determine the identity of the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting and
the number of shares held by each of them. In the event that the corporation
determines to make the list available on an electronic network, the corporation
may take reasonable steps to ensure that such information is available only to
stockholders of the corporation. If the meeting is to be held at a place, the
list shall be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the
whole time thereof and may be inspected by any stockholder who is present. If
the meeting is to be held solely by means of remote communication, the list
shall also be open to the examination of any stockholder during the whole time
of the meeting on a reasonably accessible electronic network, and the
information required to access such list shall be provided with the notice of
the meeting.
 
        2.15 ADVANCE NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDER NOMINEES
 
        Nominations of persons for election to the board of directors of the
corporation may be made at a meeting of stockholders by or at the discretion of
the board of directors or by any stockholder of the corporation entitled to vote
in the election of directors at the meeting who complies with the notice
procedures set forth in this Section. Such nominations, other than those made by
or at the direction of the board of directors, shall be made pursuant to timely
notice in writing to the secretary of the corporation. To be timely, a
stockholder's notice shall be delivered to or mailed and received at the
principal executive offices of the corporation not less than twenty (20) days
nor more than sixty (60) days prior to the meeting; provided, however, that in
the event less than thirty (30) days' notice or prior public disclosure of the
date of the meeting is given or made to stockholders, notice by the stockholder,
to be timely, must be so received not later than the close of business on the
tenth (10th) day following the day on which such notice of the date of the
meeting was mailed or such public disclosure was made. Such stockholder's notice
shall set forth (a) as to each person, if any, whom the stockholder proposes to
nominate for election or re-election as a director: (i) the name, age, business
address and residence address of such person, (ii) the principal occupation or
employment of such person, (iii) the class and number of shares of the
corporation which are beneficially owned by such person, (iv) a description of
all arrangements or understandings between the stockholder and each nominee and
any other person or persons (naming such person or persons) pursuant to which
the nominations are to be made by the stockholder, (v) any other information
relating to such person that is required by law to be disclosed in solicitations
of proxies that is required by law to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies
for elections of directors, and (vi) such person's written consent to being
named as a nominee and to serving as a director if elected; and (b) as to the
stockholder giving the notice: (i) the name and address, as they appear on the
corporation's books, of such stockholder, and (ii) the class and number of
shares of the corporation which are beneficially owned by such stockholder, and
(iii) a description of all arrangements or understandings between such
stockholder and each nominee and any other person or persons (naming such person
or persons) relating to the nomination. At the request of the board of directors
any person nominated by the board for election as a director shall furnish to
the secretary of the corporation that information required to be set forth in
the stockholder's notice of nomination which pertains to the nominee. No person
shall be eligible for election as a director of the corporation unless nominated
in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section. The chairman of the
meeting shall, if the facts warrant, determine and declare at the meeting that a
nomination was not made in accordance with the procedures prescribed by these
by-laws, and if he should so determine, he shall so declare at the meeting and
the defective nomination shall be disregarded.
 
<PAGE>
 
        2.16 ADVANCE NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDER BUSINESS
 
        At the annual meeting of the stockholders, only such business shall be
conducted as shall have been properly brought before the meeting. To be properly
brought before an annual meeting, business must be: (a) as specified in the
notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto) given by or at the direction of
the board of directors, (b) otherwise properly brought before the meeting by or
at the direction of the board of directors, or (c) otherwise properly brought
before the meeting by a stockholder. Business to be brought before the meeting
by a stockholder shall not be considered properly brought if the stockholder has
not given timely notice thereof in writing to the secretary of the corporation.
To be timely, a stockholder's notice must be delivered to the principal
executive offices of the corporation not less than forty-five (45) days prior to
the date on which the corporation first mailed proxy materials for the prior
year's annual meeting; provided, however, that if the corporation's annual
meeting of stockholders occurs on a date more than thirty (30) days earlier or
later than the corporation's prior year's annual meeting, then the corporation's
board of directors shall determine a date a reasonable period prior to the
corporation's annual meeting of stockholders by which date the stockholder's
notice must be delivered and publicize such date in a filing pursuant to the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or via press release. Such
publication shall occur at least ten (10) days prior to the date set by the
board of directors. A stockholder's notice to the secretary shall set forth as
to each matter the stockholder proposes to bring before the annual meeting: (i)
a brief description of the business desired to be brought before the annual
meeting and the reasons for conducting such business at the annual meeting, (ii)
the name and address of the stockholder proposing such business, (iii) the class
and number of shares of the corporation, which are beneficially owned by the
stockholder, (iv) any material interest of the stockholder in such business, and
(v) any other information that is required by law to be provided by the
stockholder in his capacity as proponent of a stockholder proposal.
Notwithstanding anything in these by-laws to the contrary, no business shall be
conducted at any annual meeting except in accordance with the procedures set
forth in this Section. The chairman of the annual meeting shall, if the facts
warrant, determine and declare at the meeting that business was not properly
brought before the meeting and in accordance with the provisions of this
Section, and, if he should so determine, he shall so declare at the meeting that
any such business not properly brought before the meeting shall not be
transacted.
 
                                   ARTICLE III
 
                                    DIRECTORS
 
        3.1 POWERS
 
        Subject to the provisions of the General Corporation Law of Delaware and
any limitations in the certificate of incorporation or these bylaws relating to
action required to be approved by the stockholders or by the outstanding shares,
the business and affairs of the corporation shall be managed and all corporate
powers shall be exercised by or under the direction of the board of directors.
 
<PAGE>
 
        3.2 NUMBER OF DIRECTORS
 
        The Board of Directors shall consist of seven (7) persons until changed
by a proper amendment of this Section 3.2.
 
        No reduction of the authorized number of directors shall have the effect
of removing any director before that director's term of office expires.
 
        3.3 ELECTION, QUALIFICATION AND TERM OF OFFICE OF DIRECTORS
 
        Except as provided in Section 3.4 of these bylaws, directors shall be
elected at each annual meeting of stockholders to hold office until the next
annual meeting unless specified otherwise in the certificate of incorporation.
Directors need not be stockholders unless so required by the certificate of
incorporation or these bylaws, wherein other qualifications for directors may be
prescribed. Each director, including a director elected to fill a vacancy, shall
hold office until his or her successor is elected and qualified or until his or
her earlier resignation or removal.
 
        Elections of directors need not be by written ballot.
 
        3.4 RESIGNATION AND VACANCIES
 
        Any director may resign at any time upon notice given in writing or by
electronic transmission to the secretary of the corporation. When one or more
directors so resigns and the resignation is effective at a future date, a
majority of the directors then in office, including those who have so resigned,
shall have power to fill such vacancy or vacancies, the vote thereon to take
effect when such resignation or resignations shall become effective, and each
director so chosen shall hold office as provided in this section in the filling
of other vacancies.
 
        Unless otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation or these
bylaws:
 
         (i) Vacancies and newly created directorships resulting from any
increase in the authorized number of directors elected by all of the
stockholders having the right to vote as a single class may be filled by a
majority of the directors then in office, although less than a quorum, or by a
sole remaining director.
 
         (ii) Whenever the holders of any class or classes of stock or series
thereof are entitled to elect one or more directors by the provisions of the
certificate of incorporation, vacancies and newly created directorships of such
class or classes or series may be filled by a majority of the directors elected
by such class or classes or series thereof then in office, or by a sole
remaining director so elected.
 
        If at any time, by reason of death or resignation or other cause, the
corporation should have no directors in office, then any officer or any
stockholder or an executor, administrator, trustee or guardian of a stockholder,
or other fiduciary entrusted with like responsibility for the person or estate
of a stockholder, may call a special meeting of stockholders in accordance with
the provisions of the
 
<PAGE>
 
certificate of incorporation or these by-laws, or may apply to the Court of
Chancery for a decree summarily ordering an election as provided in Section 211
of the General Corporation Law of Delaware.
 
        If, at the time of filling any vacancy or any newly created
directorship, the directors then in office constitute less than a majority of
the whole board (as constituted immediately prior to any such increase), then
the Court of Chancery may, upon application of any stockholder or stockholders
holding at least ten (10) percent of the total number of the shares at the time
outstanding having the right to vote for such directors, summarily order an
election to be held to fill any such vacancies or newly created directorships,
or to replace the directors chosen by the directors then in office as aforesaid,
which election shall be governed by the provisions of Section 211 of the General
Corporation Law of Delaware as far as applicable.
 
        3.5 PLACE OF MEETINGS; MEETINGS BY TELEPHONE
 
        The board of directors of the corporation may hold meetings, both
regular and special, either within or outside the State of Delaware.
 
        Unless otherwise restricted by the certificate of incorporation or these
bylaws, members of the board of directors, or any committee designated by the
board of directors, may participate in a meeting of the board of directors, or
any committee, by means of conference telephone or similar communications
equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear
each other, and such participation in a meeting shall constitute presence in
person at the meeting.
 
        3.6 REGULAR MEETINGS
 
        Regular meetings of the board of directors may be held without notice at
such time and at such place as shall from time to time be determined by the
board.
 
        3.7 SPECIAL MEETINGS; NOTICE
 
        Special meetings of the board of directors for any purpose or purposes
may be called at any time by the chairman of the board, the president, any vice
president, the secretary or any two (2) directors.
 
        Notice of the time and place of special meetings shall be delivered
personally or by telephone to each director or sent by first-class mail or
telegram, charges prepaid, or by electronic transmission, addressed to each
director at that director's post office or street address, or electronic mail
address if applicable, as it is shown on the records of the corporation. If the
notice is mailed, it shall be deposited in the United States mail at least four
(4) days before the time of the holding of the meeting. If the notice is
delivered personally or by telephone, by telegram, or by electronic
transmission, it shall be delivered personally or by telephone or to the
telegraph company or by electronic transmission at least forty-eight (48) hours
before the time of the holding of the meeting. Any oral notice given personally
or by telephone may be communicated either to the director or to a person at the
office of the director who the person giving the notice has reason to believe
will
 
<PAGE>
 
promptly communicate it to the director. The notice need not specify the purpose
or the place of the meeting, if the meeting is to be held at the principal
executive office of the corporation.
 
        3.8 QUORUM
 
        At all meetings of the board of directors, a majority of the authorized
number of directors shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business
and the act of a majority of the directors present at any meeting at which there
is a quorum shall be the act of the board of directors, except as may be
otherwise specifically provided by statute or by the certificate of
incorporation. If a quorum is not present at any meeting of the board of
directors, then the directors present thereat may adjourn the meeting from time
to time, without notice other than announcement at the meeting, until a quorum
is present.
 
        A meeting at which a quorum is initially present may continue to
transact business notwithstanding the withdrawal of directors, if any action
taken is approved by at least a majority of the required quorum for that
meeting.
 
        3.9 WAIVER OF NOTICE
 
        Whenever notice is required to be given under any provision of the
General Corporation Law of Delaware or of the certificate of incorporation or
these bylaws, a written waiver thereof, signed by the person entitled to notice,
or a waiver by electronic transmission by the person entitled to notice, whether
before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent to notice.
Attendance of a person at a meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of such
meeting, except when the person attends a meeting for the express purpose of
objecting, at the beginning of the meeting, to the transaction of any business
because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Neither the business to
be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any regular or special meeting of the
directors, or members of a committee of directors, need be specified in any
written waiver of notice or any waiver by electronic transmission unless so
required by the certificate of incorporation or these by-laws.
 
        3.10 BOARD ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT WITHOUT A MEETING
 
        Unless otherwise restricted by the certificate of incorporation or these
bylaws, any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the board
of directors, or of any committee thereof, may be taken without a meeting if all
members of the board or committee, as the case may be, consent thereto in
writing or by electronic transmission and the writing or writings or electronic
transmissions are filed with the minutes of proceedings of the board or
committee. Such filing shall be in paper form if the minutes are maintained in
paper form or shall be in electronic form if the minutes are maintained in
electronic form.
 
        3.11 FEES AND COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS
 
        Unless otherwise restricted by the certificate of incorporation or these
bylaws, the board of directors shall have the authority to fix the compensation
of directors.
 
<PAGE>
 
        3.12 APPROVAL OF LOANS TO OFFICERS
 
        The corporation may lend money to, or guarantee any obligation of, or
otherwise assist any officer or other employee of the corporation or of its
subsidiary, including any officer or employee who is a director of the
corporation or its subsidiary, whenever, in the judgment of the directors, such
loan, guaranty or assistance may reasonably be expected to benefit the
corporation. The loan, guaranty or other assistance may be with or without
interest and may be unsecured, or secured in such manner as the board of
directors shall approve, including, without limitation, a pledge of shares of
stock of the corporation. Nothing in this section contained shall be deemed to
deny, limit or restrict the powers of guaranty or warranty of the corporation at
common law or under any statute.
 
        3.13 REMOVAL OF DIRECTORS
 
        Unless otherwise restricted by statute, by the certificate of
incorporation or by these bylaws, any director or the entire board of directors
may be removed, with or without cause, by the holders of a majority of the
shares then entitled to vote at an election of directors; provided, however,
that, so long as stockholders of the corporation are entitled to cumulative
voting, if less than the entire board is to be removed, no director may be
removed without cause if the votes cast against his or her removal would be
sufficient to elect such director if then cumulatively voted at an election of
the entire board of directors.
 
        No reduction of the authorized number of directors shall have the effect
of removing any director prior to the expiration of such director's term of
office.
 
                                   ARTICLE IV
 
                                   COMMITTEES
 
        4.1 COMMITTEES OF DIRECTORS
 
        The board of directors may, by resolution passed by a majority of the
whole board, designate one or more committees, with each committee to consist of
one or more of the directors of the corporation. The board may designate one or
more directors as alternate members of any committee, who may replace any absent
or disqualified member at any meeting of the committee. In the absence or
disqualification of a member of a committee, the member or members thereof
present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, whether or not such
member or members constitute a quorum, may unanimously appoint another member of
the board of directors to act at the meeting in the place of any such absent or
disqualified member. Any such committee, to the extent provided in the
resolution of the board of directors or in the bylaws of the corporation, shall
have and may exercise all the powers and authority of the board of directors in
the management of the business and affairs of the corporation, and may authorize
the seal of the corporation to be affixed to all papers that may require it; but
no such committee shall have the power or authority to (i) amend the certificate
of incorporation (except that a committee may, to the extent authorized in the
resolution or resolutions providing for the issuance of shares of stock adopted
by the board of directors as
 
<PAGE>
 
provided in Section 151(a) of the General Corporation Law of Delaware, fix the
designations and any of the preferences or rights of such shares relating to
dividends, redemption, dissolution, any distribution of assets of the
corporation or the conversion into, or the exchange of such shares for, shares
of any other class or classes or any other series of the same or any other class
or classes of stock of the corporation or fix the number of shares of any series
of stock or authorize the increase or decrease of the shares of any series),
(ii) adopt an agreement of merger or consolidation under Sections 251 or 252 of
the General Corporation Law of Delaware, (iii) recommend to the stockholders the
sale, lease or exchange of all or substantially all of the corporation's
property and assets, (iv) recommend to the stockholders a dissolution of the
corporation or a revocation of a dissolution, or (v) amend the by-laws of the
corporation; and, unless the board resolution establishing the committee, the
by-laws or the certificate of incorporation expressly so provide, no such
committee shall have the power or authority to declare a dividend, to authorize
the issuance of stock, or to adopt a certificate of ownership and merger
pursuant to Section 253 of the General Corporation Law of Delaware.
 
        4.2 COMMITTEE MINUTES
 
        Each committee shall keep regular minutes of its meetings and report the
same to the board of directors when required.
 
        4.3 MEETINGS AND ACTION OF COMMITTEES
 
        Meetings and actions of committees shall be governed by, and held and
taken in accordance with, the provisions of Article III of these bylaws, Section
3.5 (Place of Meetings; Meetings by Telephone), Section 3.6 (Regular Meetings),
Section 3.7 (Special Meetings; Notice), Section 3.8 (Quorum), Section 3.9
(Waiver of Notice), and Section 3.10 (Board Action by Written Consent Without a
Meeting), with such changes in the context of those bylaws as are necessary to
substitute the committee and its members for the board of directors and its
members; provided, however, that the time of regular meetings of committees may
be determined either by resolution of the board of directors or by resolution of
the committee, that special meetings of committees may also be called by
resolution of the board of directors and that notice of special meetings of
committees shall also be given to all alternate members, who shall have the
right to attend all meetings of the committee. The board of directors may adopt
rules for the government of any committee not inconsistent with the provisions
of these bylaws.
 
<PAGE>
 
                                    ARTICLE V
 
                                    OFFICERS
 
        5.1 OFFICERS
 
        The officers of the corporation shall be a president, a secretary and a
chief financial officer. The corporation may also have, at the discretion of the
board of directors, a chairman of the board, one or more vice presidents, one or
more assistant vice presidents, one or more assistant secretaries, one or more
assistant treasurers and any such other officers as may be appointed in
accordance with the provisions of Section 5.3 of these bylaws. Any number of
offices may be held by the same person.
 
        5.2 APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS
 
        The officers of the corporation, except such officers as may be
appointed in accordance with the provisions of Sections 5.3 or 5.5 of these
bylaws, shall be appointed by the board of directors, subject to the rights, if
any, of an officer under any contract of employment.
 
        5.3 SUBORDINATE OFFICERS
 
        The board of directors may appoint, or empower the president to appoint,
such other officers and agents as the business of the corporation may require,
each of whom shall hold office for such period, have such authority, and perform
such duties as are provided in these by-laws or as the board of directors may
from time to time determine.
 
        5.4 REMOVAL AND RESIGNATION OF OFFICERS
 
        Subject to the rights, if any, of an officer under any contract of
employment, any officer may be removed, either with or without cause, by an
affirmative vote of the majority of the board of directors at any regular or
special meeting of the board or, except in the case of an officer chosen by the
board of directors, by any officer upon whom such power of removal may be
conferred by the board of directors.
 
        Any officer may resign at any time by giving written notice or by
electronic transmission to the corporation. Any resignation shall take effect at
the date of the receipt of that notice or at any later time specified in that
notice; and, unless otherwise specified in that notice, the acceptance of the
resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective. Any resignation is
without prejudice to the rights, if any, of the corporation under any contract
to which the officer is a party.
 
        5.5 VACANCIES IN OFFICES
 
        Any vacancy occurring in any office of the corporation shall be filled
by the board of directors.
 
<PAGE>
 
        5.6 CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD
 
        The chairman of the board, if such an officer be elected, shall, if
present, preside at meetings of the board of directors and exercise and perform
such other powers and duties as may from time to time be assigned to him by the
board of directors or as may be prescribed by these bylaws. If there is no
president, then the chairman of the board shall also be the chief executive
officer of the corporation and shall have the powers and duties prescribed in
Section 5.7 of these bylaws.
 
        5.7 PRESIDENT
 
        Subject to such supervisory powers, if any, as may be given by the board
of directors to the chairman of the board, if there be such an officer, the
president shall be the chief executive officer of the corporation and shall,
subject to the control of the board of directors, have general supervision,
direction, and control of the business and the officers of the corporation. The
president shall preside at all meetings of the stockholders and, in the absence
or nonexistence of a chairman of the board, at all meetings of the board of
directors. The president shall have the general powers and duties of management
usually vested in the office of president of a corporation and shall have such
other powers and duties as may be prescribed by the board of directors or these
by-laws.
 
        5.8 VICE PRESIDENTS
 
        In the absence or disability of the president, the vice presidents, if
any, in order of their rank as fixed by the board of directors or, if not
ranked, a vice president designated by the board of directors, shall perform all
the duties of the president and when so acting shall have all the powers of, and
be subject to all the restrictions upon, the president. The vice presidents
shall have such other powers and perform such other duties as from time to time
may be prescribed for them respectively by the board of directors, these
by-laws, the president or the chairman of the board.
 
        5.9 SECRETARY
 
        The secretary shall keep or cause to be kept, at the principal executive
office of the corporation or such other place as the board of directors may
direct, a book of minutes of all meetings and actions of directors, committees
of directors, and stockholders. The minutes shall show the time and place of
each meeting, whether regular or special (and, if special, how authorized and
the notice given), the names of those present at directors' meetings or
committee meetings, the number of shares present or represented at stockholders'
meetings, and the proceedings thereof.
 
        The secretary shall keep, or cause to be kept, at the principal
executive office of the corporation or at the office of the corporation's
transfer agent or registrar, as determined by resolution of the board of
directors, a share register, or a duplicate share register, showing the names of
all stockholders and their post office or street addresses or electronic
addresses, if applicable, the number and classes of shares held by each, the
number and date of certificates evidencing such shares, and the number and date
of cancellation of every certificate surrendered for cancellation.
 
<PAGE>
 
        The secretary shall give, or cause to be given, notice of all meetings
of the stockholders and of the board of directors required to be given by law or
by these by-laws. The secretary shall keep the seal of the corporation, if one
be adopted, in safe custody and shall have such other powers and perform such
other duties as may be prescribed by the board of directors or by these by-laws.
 
        5.10   CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
 
        The chief financial officer shall keep and maintain, or cause to be kept
and maintained, adequate and correct books and records of accounts of the
properties and business transactions of the corporation, including accounts of
its assets, liabilities, receipts, disbursements, gains, losses, capital
retained earnings, and shares. The books of account shall at all reasonable
times be open to inspection by any director.
 
        The chief financial officer shall deposit all moneys and other valuables
in the name and to the credit of the corporation with such depositories as may
be designated by the board of directors. The chief financial officer shall
disburse the funds of the corporation as may be ordered by the board of
directors, shall render to the president and directors, whenever they request
it, an account of all his or her transactions as chief financial officer and of
the financial condition of the corporation, and shall have other powers and
perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the board of directors or
these by-laws.
 
        The chief financial officer shall be the treasurer of the corporation.
 
        5.11 ASSISTANT SECRETARY
 
        The assistant secretary, or, if there is more than one, the assistant
secretaries in the order determined by the stockholders or board of directors
(or if there be no such determination, then in the order of their election)
shall, in the absence of the secretary or in the event of his or her inability
or refusal to act, perform the duties and exercise the powers of the secretary
and shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as may be
prescribed by the board of directors or these bylaws.
 
        5.12 ASSISTANT TREASURER
 
        The assistant treasurer, or, if there is more than one, the assistant
treasurers, in the order determined by the stockholders or board of directors
(or if there be no such determination, then in the order of their election),
shall, in the absence of the chief financial officer or in the event of his or
her inability or refusal to act, perform the duties and exercise the powers of
the chief financial officer and shall perform such other duties and have such
other powers as may be prescribed by the board of directors or these by-laws.
 
        5.13 REPRESENTATION OF SHARES OF OTHER CORPORATIONS
 
        The chairman of the board, the president, any vice president, the chief
financial officer, the secretary or assistant secretary of this corporation, or
any other person authorized by the board of
 
<PAGE>
 
directors or the president or a vice president, is authorized to vote,
represent, and exercise on behalf of this corporation all rights incident to any
and all shares of any other corporation or corporations standing in the name of
this corporation. The authority granted herein may be exercised either by such
person directly or by any other person authorized to do so by proxy or power of
attorney duly executed by such person having the authority.
 
        5.14 AUTHORITY AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS
 
        In addition to the foregoing authority and duties, all officers of the
corporation shall respectively have such authority and perform such duties in
the management of the business of the corporation as may be designated from time
to time by the board of directors or the stockholders.
 
                                   ARTICLE VI
 
                                    INDEMNITY
 
        6.1 THIRD PARTY ACTIONS
 
        The corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is
threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action,
suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative
(other than an action by or in the right of the corporation) by reason of the
fact that he is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the
corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a
director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint
venture trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys' fees),
judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement (if such settlement is approved
in advance by the corporation, which approval shall not be unreasonably
withheld) actually and reasonably incurred by him in connection with such
action, suit or proceeding if he acted in good faith and in a manner he
reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the
corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no
reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful. The termination of any
action, suit or proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a
plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent, shall not, of itself, create a
presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner which such
person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interest of the
corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had
reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful.
 
        6.2 ACTIONS BY OR IN THE RIGHT OF THE CORPORATION
 
        The corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is
threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or
suit by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by
reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer, employee or
agent of corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as
a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership,
joint venture, trust or other enterprise against expenses (including attorneys'
fees) and amounts paid in settlement (if such settlement is approved in advance
by the corporation, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld) actually
 
<PAGE>
 
and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with the defense or
settlement of such action or suit if the person acted in good faith and in
manner the person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best
interests of the corporation, except that no indemnification shall be made in
respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been
adjudged to be liable to the corporation unless and only to the extent that the
Delaware Court of Chancery or the court in which such action or suit was brought
shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but
in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and
reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the Delaware Court of
Chancery or such other court shall deem proper. Notwithstanding any other
provision of this Article VI, no person shall be indemnified hereunder for any
expenses or amounts paid in settlement with respect to any action to recover
short-swing profits under Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act, as amended.
 
        6.3 SUCCESSFUL DEFENSE
 
        To the extent that a director, officer, employee or agent of the
corporation has been successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any
action, suit or proceeding referred to in Sections 6.1 and 6.2, or in defense of
any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against
expenses (including attorneys' fees) actually and reasonably incurred by the
person in connection therewith.
 
        6.4 DETERMINATION OF CONDUCT
 
        Any indemnification under Sections 6.1 and 6.2 (unless ordered by a
court) shall be made by the corporation only as authorized in the specific case
upon a determination that the indemnification of the director, officer, employee
or agent is proper in the circumstances because the person has met the
applicable standard of conduct set forth in Sections 6.1 and 6.2. Such
determination shall be made (1) by the board of directors or the executive
committee, if any, by a majority vote of a quorum consisting of directors who
were not parties to such action, suit or proceeding or (2) or if such quorum is
not obtainable or, even if obtainable, a quorum of disinterested directors so
directs, by independent legal counsel in a written opinion, or (3) by the
stockholders. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a director, officer, employee or
agent of the corporation shall be entitled to contest any determination that the
director, officer, employee or agent has not met the applicable standard of
conduct set forth in Sections 6.1 and 6.2 by petitioning a court of competent
jurisdiction.
 
        6.5 PAYMENT OF EXPENSES IN ADVANCE
 
        Expenses incurred in defending a civil or criminal action, suit or
proceeding, by an individual who may be entitled to indemnification pursuant to
Section 6.1 or 6.2, shall be paid by the corporation in advance of the final
disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by
or on behalf of the director, officer, employee or agent to repay such amount if
it shall ultimately be determined that the individual is not entitled to be
indemnified by the corporation as authorized in this Article VI.
 
<PAGE>
 
        6.6 INDEMNITY NOT EXCLUSIVE
 
        The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by or granted
pursuant to the other sections of this Article VI shall not be deemed exclusive
of any other rights to which those seeking indemnification or advancement of
expenses may be entitled under any by-law, agreement, vote of stockholders or
disinterested directors or otherwise, both as to action in their official
capacity and as to action in another capacity while holding such office.
 
        6.7 INSURANCE INDEMNIFICATION
 
        The corporation shall have the power to purchase and maintain insurance
on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of
the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a
director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint
venture, trust or other enterprise, against any liability asserted against the
person and incurred by the person in any such capacity or arising out of the
person's status as such, whether or not the corporation would have the power to
indemnify such person against such liability under the provisions of this
Article VI.
 
        6.8 THE CORPORATION
 
        For purposes of this Article VI, references to "the corporation" shall
include, in addition to the resulting corporation, any constituent corporation
(including any constituent of a constituent) absorbed in a consolidation or
merger which, if its separate existence had continued, would have had power and
authority to indemnify its directors, officers, and employees or agents, so that
any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of such
constituent corporation, or is or was serving at the request of such constituent
corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation,
partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, shall stand in the same
position under and subject to the provisions of this Article VI (including,
without limitation the provisions of Section 6.4) with respect to the resulting
or surviving corporation as the person would have with respect to such
constituent corporation if its separate existence had continued.
 
        6.9 EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
 
        For purposes of this Article VI, references to "other enterprises" shall
include employee benefit plans; references to "fines" shall include any excise
taxes assessed on a person with respect to an employee benefit plan; and
references to "serving at the request of the corporation" shall include any
service as a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation which
imposes duties on, or involves services by, such director, officer, employee, or
agent with respect to an employee benefit plan, its participants, or
beneficiaries; and a person who acted in good faith and in a manner he
reasonably believed to be in the interest of the participants and beneficiaries
of an employee benefit plan shall be deemed to have acted in a manner "not
opposed to the best interests of the corporation" as referred to in this Article
VI.
 
        6.10 CONTINUATION OF INDEMNIFICATION AND ADVANCEMENT OF EXPENSES
 
<PAGE>
 
        The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by, or granted
pursuant to, this Article VI shall, unless otherwise provided when authorized or
ratified, continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director, officer,
employee or agent and shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executors and
administrators of such a person.
 
                                   ARTICLE VII
 
                               RECORDS AND REPORTS
 
        7.1 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION OF RECORDS
 
        The corporation shall, either at its principal executive officer or at
such place or places as designated by the board of directors, keep a record of
its stockholders listing their names and post office or street addresses, or
electronic mail addresses if applicable, and the number and class of shares held
by each stockholder, a copy of these by-laws as amended to date, accounting
books, and other records.
 
        Any stockholder of record, in person or by attorney or other agent,
shall, upon written demand under oath stating the purpose thereof, have the
right during the usual hours for business of the corporation to inspect for any
proper purpose the corporation's stock ledger, a list of its stockholders, and
its other books and records and to make copies or extracts therefrom. A proper
purpose shall mean a purpose reasonably related to such person's interest as a
stockholder. In every instance where an attorney or other agent is the person
who seeks the right to inspection, the demand under oath shall be accompanied by
a power of attorney or such other writing that authorizes the attorney or other
agent so to act on behalf of the stockholder. The demand under oath shall be
directed to the corporation at its registered office in Delaware or at its
principal place of business.
 
        The officer who has charge of the stock ledger of the corporation shall
prepare and make, at least ten (10) days before every meeting of stockholders, a
complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, arranged in
alphabetical order, showing the post office or street address, or electronic
mail address if applicable, of each stockholder and the number of shares
registered in the name of each stockholder. Such list shall be open to the
examination of any stockholder, for any purpose germane to the meeting, during
ordinary business hours, for a period of at least ten (10) days prior to the
meeting, either at a place within the city where the meeting is to be held,
which place shall be specified in the notice of the meeting, or, if not so
specified, at the place where the meeting is to be held. The list shall also be
produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time
thereof, and may be inspected by any stockholder who is present.
 
        7.2 INSPECTION BY DIRECTORS
 
        Any director shall have the right to examine the corporation's stock
ledger, a list of its stockholders, and its other books and records for a
purpose reasonably related to his position as a director. The Court of Chancery
is hereby vested with the exclusive jurisdiction to determine
 
<PAGE>
 
whether a director is entitled to the inspection sought. The Court may summarily
order the corporation to permit the director to inspect any and all books and
records, the stock ledger, and the stock list and to make copies or extracts
therefrom. The Court may, in its discretion, prescribe any limitations or
conditions with reference to the inspection, or award such other and further
relief as the Court may deem just and proper.
 
        7.3 ANNUAL STATEMENT TO STOCKHOLDERS
 
        The board of directors shall present at each annual meeting, and at any
special meeting of the stockholders when called for by vote of the stockholders,
a full and clear statement of the business and condition of the corporation.
 
                                  ARTICLE VIII
 
                                 GENERAL MATTERS
 
        8.1 CHECKS
 
        From time to time, the board of directors shall determine by resolution
which person or persons may sign or endorse all checks, drafts, other orders for
payment of money, notes or other evidences of indebtedness that are issued in
the name of or payable to the corporation, and only the persons so authorized
shall sign or endorse those instruments.
 
        8.2 EXECUTION OF CORPORATE CONTRACTS AND INSTRUMENTS
 
        The board of directors, except as otherwise provided in these by-laws,
may authorize any officer or officers, or agent or agents, to enter into any
contract or execute any instrument in the name of and on behalf of the
corporation; such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.
Unless so authorized or ratified by the board of directors or within the agency
power of an officer, no officer, agent or employee shall have any power or
authority to bind the corporation by any contract or engagement or to pledge its
credit or to render it liable for any purpose or for any amount.
 
        8.3 STOCK CERTIFICATES; PARTLY PAID SHARES
 
        The shares of the corporation shall be represented by certificates,
provided that the board of directors of the corporation may provide by
resolution or resolutions that some or all of any or all classes or series of
its stock shall be uncertificated shares. Any such resolution shall not apply to
shares represented by a certificate until such certificate is surrendered to the
corporation. Notwithstanding the adoption of such a resolution by the board of
directors, every holder of stock represented by certificates and upon request
every holder of uncertificated shares shall be entitled to have a certificate
signed by, or in the name of the corporation by the chairman or vice-chairman of
the board of directors, or the president or vice-president, and by the chief
financial officer or an assistant treasurer, or the secretary or an assistant
secretary of such corporation representing the
 
<PAGE>
 
number of shares registered in certificate form. Any or all of the signatures on
the certificate may be a facsimile. In case any officer, transfer agent or
registrar who has signed or whose facsimile signature has been placed upon a
certificate has ceased to be such officer, transfer agent or registrar before
such certificate is issued, it may be issued by the corporation with the same
effect as if the person were such officer, transfer agent or registrar at the
date of issue.
 
        The corporation may issue the whole or any part of its shares as partly
paid and subject to call for the remainder of the consideration to be paid
therefor. Upon the face or back of each stock certificate issued to represent
any such partly paid shares, upon the books and records of the corporation in
the case of uncertificated partly paid shares, the total amount of the
consideration to be paid therefor and the amount paid thereon shall be stated.
Upon the declaration of any dividend on fully paid shares, the corporation shall
declare a dividend upon partly paid shares of the same class, but only upon the
basis of the percentage of the consideration actually paid thereon.
 
        8.4 SPECIAL DESIGNATION ON CERTIFICATES
 
        If the corporation is authorized to issue more than one class of stock
or more than one series of any class, then the powers, the designations, the
preferences, and the relative, participating, optional or other special rights
of each class of stock or series thereof and the qualifications, limitations or
restrictions of such preferences and/or rights shall be set forth in full or
summarized on the face or back of the certificate that the corporation shall
issue to represent such class or series of stock; provided, however, that,
except as otherwise provided in Section 202 of the General Corporation Law of
Delaware, in lieu of the foregoing requirements there may be set forth on the
face or back of the certificate that the corporation shall issue to represent
such class or series of stock a statement that the corporation will furnish
without charge to each stockholder who so requests the powers, the designations,
the preferences, and the relative, participating, optional or other special
rights of each class of stock or series thereof and the qualifications,
limitations or restrictions of such preferences and/or rights.
 
        8.5 LOST CERTIFICATES
 
        Except as provided in this Section 8.5, no new certificates for shares
shall be issued to replace a previously issued certificate unless the latter is
surrendered to the corporation and canceled at the same time. The corporation
may issue a new certificate of stock or uncertificated shares in the place of
any certificate theretofore issued by it, alleged to have been lost, stolen or
destroyed, and the corporation may require the owner of the lost, stolen or
destroyed certificate, or the owner's legal representative, to give the
corporation a bond sufficient to indemnify it against any claim that may be made
against it on account of the alleged loss, theft or destruction of any such
certificate or the issuance of such new certificate or uncertificated shares.
 
        8.6 CONSTRUCTION; DEFINITIONS
 
        Unless the context requires otherwise, the general provisions, rules of
construction and definitions in the General Corporation Law of Delaware shall
govern the construction of these by-laws. Without limiting the generality of
this provision, the singular number includes the plural, the
 
<PAGE>
 
plural number includes the singular, and the term "person" includes both a
corporation and a natural person.
 
        8.7 DIVIDENDS
 
        The directors of the corporation, subject to any restrictions contained
in (i) the General Corporation Law of Delaware or (ii) the certificate of
incorporation, may declare and pay dividends upon the shares of its capital
stock. Dividends may be paid in cash, in property or in shares of the
corporation's capital stock.
 
        The directors of the corporation may set apart out of any of the funds
of the corporation available for dividends a reserve or reserves for any proper
purpose and may abolish any such reserve. Such purposes shall include but not be
limited to equalizing dividends, repairing or maintaining any property of the
corporation, and meeting contingencies.
 
        8.8 FISCAL YEAR
 
        The fiscal year of the corporation shall be fixed by resolution of the
board of directors and may be changed by the board of directors.
 
        8.9 SEAL
 
        The corporation may adopt a corporate seal, which shall be adopted and
which may be altered by the board of directors, and may use the same by causing
it or a facsimile thereof to be impressed or affixed or in any other manner
reproduced.
 
        8.10 TRANSFER OF STOCK
 
        Upon surrender to the corporation or the transfer agent of the
corporation of a certificate for shares duly endorsed or accompanied by proper
evidence of succession, assignation or authority to transfer, it shall be the
duty of the corporation to issue a new certificate to the person entitled
thereto, cancel the old certificate, and record the transaction in its books.
 
        8.11 STOCK TRANSFER AGREEMENTS
 
        The corporation shall have power to enter into and perform any agreement
with any number of stockholders of any one or more classes of stock of the
corporation to restrict the transfer of shares of stock of the corporation of
any one or more classes owned by such stockholders in any manner not prohibited
by the General Corporation Law of Delaware.
 
        8.12 REGISTERED STOCKHOLDERS
 
        The corporation shall be entitled to recognize the exclusive right of a
person registered on its books as the owner of shares to receive dividends and
to vote as such owner, shall be entitled to hold liable for calls and
assessments the person registered on its books as the owner of shares, and shall
 
<PAGE>
 
not be bound to recognize any equitable or other claim to or interest in such
share or shares on the part of another person, whether or not it shall have
express or other notice thereof, except as otherwise provided by the laws of
Delaware.
 
                                   ARTICLE IX
 
                                   AMENDMENTS
 
        The by-laws of the corporation may be adopted, amended or repealed by
the stockholders entitled to vote; provided, however, that the corporation may,
in its certificate of incorporation, confer the power to adopt, amend or repeal
by-laws upon the directors. The fact that such power has been so conferred upon
the directors shall not divest the stockholders of the power, nor limit their
power to adopt, amend or repeal by-laws.