AMENDED AND RESTATED
BY-LAWS
OF
COSÌ, INC.

 

 

ARTICLE I

OFFICES

 

     Section 1.1. Registered Office. The registered office of COSÌ, INC. (the “Corporation”) in the State of Delaware shall be at 1209 Orange Street, in the City of Wilmington, County of New Castle, 19801, and its registered agent at such address shall be The Corporation Trust Company, or such other office or agent as the Board of Directors of the Corporation (the “Board”) shall from time to time select.

     Section 1.2. Other Offices. The Corporation may also have an office or offices, and keep the books and records of the Corporation, except as may otherwise be required by law, at such other place or places, either within or without the State of Delaware, as the Board may from time to time determine or the business of the Corporation may require.

 

ARTICLE II

MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS

 

     Section 2.1. Place of Meeting. All meetings of the stockholders of the Corporation shall be held at the office of the Corporation or at such other places, within or without the State of Delaware, as may from time to time be fixed by the Board and set forth in the notice or in a duly executed waiver of notice thereof. The Board of Directors may, in its sole discretion, determine that a meeting of stockholders shall not be held at any place, but may instead be held solely by means of remote communication in a manner consistent with Delaware law.

     Section 2.2. Annual Meetings. The annual meeting of the stockholders for the election of directors and for the transaction of such other business as may properly come before the meeting shall be held on such date and at such hour as shall from time to time be fixed by the Board. Any previously scheduled annual meeting of the stockholders may be postponed by action of the Board taken prior to the time previously scheduled for such annual meeting of stockholders.

     Section 2.3. Special Meetings. Except as otherwise required by applicable law or the Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation (the “Certificate”), special meetings of the stockholders for any purpose or purposes may be called only by the Chairman of the Board or by the Secretary upon direction of the Board of Directors pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of the members of the Board of Directors then in office. Only such business as is specified in the notice of any special meeting of the stockholders shall come before such meeting.

     Section 2.4. Notice of Meetings. Except as otherwise provided by applicable law, written notice of each meeting of the stockholders, whether annual or special, shall be given, either by personal delivery or by mail, or by electronic communication to the extent permitted by Delaware law, not less than 10 nor more than 60 days before the date of the meeting to each stockholder of record entitled to notice of the meeting. If mailed, such notice shall be deemed given when deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid, directed to the stockholder at such stockholder’s address as it appears on the records of the Corporation. Each such notice shall state the place, date and hour of the meeting, the means of remote communications, if any, by which stockholders and proxyholders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such meeting, and the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called. Notice of any meeting of stockholders shall not be required to be given to any stockholder who shall attend such meeting in person or by proxy without protesting, prior to or at the commencement of the meeting, the lack of proper notice to such stockholder, or who shall sign a written waiver of notice thereof, whether before or after such meeting. Notice of adjournment of a meeting of stockholders need not be given if the time and place to which it is adjourned are announced at such meeting, unless the adjournment is for more than 30 days or, after adjournment, a new record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting.

     Section 2.5. Quorum. Except as otherwise provided by Delaware law or by the Certificate, the holders of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the stockholders entitled to vote generally, present in person or by proxy, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the stockholders; provided, however, that in the case of any vote to be taken by classes, the holders of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the stockholders of a particular class shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business by such class.

     Section 2.6. Adjournments. The chairman of the meeting or the holders of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the stockholders who are present in person or by proxy may adjourn the meeting from time to time without notice other than announcement at the meeting, whether or not a quorum is present.

     In the event that a quorum does not exist with respect to any vote to be taken by a particular class, the chairman of the meeting or the holders of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast by the stockholders of such class who are present in person or by proxy may adjourn the meeting with respect to the vote(s) to be taken by such class. At such adjourned meeting at which a quorum may be present, any business may be transacted which might have been transacted at the meeting as originally called.

     Section 2.7. Order of Business.

     (a) At each meeting of the stockholders, the Chairman of the Board or, in the absence of the Chairman of the Board, such person as shall be selected by the Board shall act as chairman of the meeting. The order of business at each such meeting shall be as determined by the chairman of the meeting. The chairman of the meeting shall have the right and authority to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and to do all such acts and things as are necessary or desirable for the proper conduct of the meeting, including, without limitation, the establishment of procedures for the maintenance of order and safety, limitations on the time allotted to questions or comments on the affairs of the Corporation, restrictions on entry to such meeting after the time prescribed for the commencement thereof, and the opening and closing of the voting polls.

     (b) To be properly brought before the annual meeting of stockholders, business must be either (i) specified in the notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto) given by or at the direction of the Board (or any duly authorized committee thereof), (ii) otherwise properly brought before the meeting by or at the direction of the Board (or any duly authorized committee thereof) or (iii) otherwise properly brought before the meeting by any stockholder of the Corporation (A) who is a stockholder of record on the date of the giving of the notice provided for in this Section 2.7 of this Article II and on the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to vote at such meeting and (B) who complies with the notice procedures set forth in Section 2.7(c) of this Article II. In addition to any other applicable requirements, including, but not limited to, the requirements of Rule 14a-8 promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), for business to be properly brought before an annual meeting by a stockholder pursuant to clause (iii) of this Section 2.7(b), such stockholder must have been given timely notice thereof in proper written form to a Secretary of the Corporation.

     (c) To be timely, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary pursuant to clause (iii) of Section 2.7(b) of this Article II must be delivered to or mailed and received at the principal executive offices of the Corporation, not less than 120 days nor more than 150 days prior to the anniversary date of the immediately preceding annual meeting of stockholders; provided, however, that in the event that the annual meeting is called for a date that is not within 30 days before or after such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder in order to be timely must be so received no later than the close of business on the tenth day following the date on which such notice of the date of the annual meeting is mailed or such public disclosure of the date of the annual meeting is made, whichever first occurs.

     (d) To be in proper written form, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary pursuant to clause (iii) of Section 2.7(b) of this Article II must set forth as to each matter such stockholder proposes to bring before the annual meeting (i) a brief description of the business desired to be brought before the meeting and the reasons for conducting such business at the meeting, (ii) the name and record address of such stockholder and all persons or entities acting in concert with the stockholder, (iii) the class or series and number of shares of capital stock of the Corporation which are owned beneficially or of record by such stockholder, together with evidence reasonably satisfactory to the Secretary of such beneficial ownership, (iv) a description of all arrangements or understandings between such stockholder and any other person or persons (including their names) in connection with the proposal of such business by such stockholder and any material interest of such stockholder in such business, and (v) a representation that such stockholder intends to appear in person or by proxy at the annual meeting to bring such business before the meeting. If such stockholder does not appear or send a qualified representative to present such proposal at such annual meeting, the Corporation need not present such proposal for a vote at such meeting, notwithstanding that proxies in respect of such vote may have been received by the Corporation.

     (e) Notwithstanding anything in these By-laws to the contrary, no business shall be conducted at the annual meeting of stockholder except business brought before such meeting in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.7 of this Article II; provided, however, that, once business has been properly brought before such meeting in accordance with such procedures, nothing in this Section 2.7 of this Article II shall be deemed to preclude discussion by any stockholder of any such business. If the chairman of such meeting determines that business was not properly brought before the meeting in accordance with the foregoing procedures the chairman shall declare to the meeting that the business was not properly brought before the meeting and such business shall not be transacted.

     Section 2.8. List of Stockholders. It shall be the duty of the Secretary or other officer who has charge of the stock ledger to prepare and make, at least 10 days before each meeting of the stockholders, a complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote thereat, arranged in alphabetical order, and showing the address of each stockholder and the number of shares registered in such stockholder’s name. Such list shall be produced and kept available at the times and place required by Delaware law.

     Section 2.9. Voting.

     (a) Except as otherwise provided by Delaware law or by the Certificate, each stockholder of record of any class or series of capital stock of the Corporation shall be entitled at each meeting of stockholders to such number of votes for each share of such stock as may be fixed in the Certificate or in the resolution or resolutions adopted by the Board providing for the issuance of such stock, registered in such stockholder’s name on the books of the Corporation:

     (1) on the date fixed pursuant to Section 8.7 of Article VIII of these By-laws as the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to notice of and to vote at such meeting; or

     (2) if no such record date shall have been so fixed, then at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice of such meeting is given, or, if notice is waived, at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which the meeting is held.

     (b) Each stockholder entitled to vote at any meeting of stockholders may execute a writing, cablegram, telegram, or other electronic communication authorizing not in excess of three persons to act for such stockholder by proxy. Any such proxy shall be delivered to the secretary of such meeting at or prior to the time designated for holding such meeting. No such proxy shall be voted or acted upon after three years from its date, unless the proxy provides for a longer period.

     (c) At each meeting of the stockholders, all corporate actions to be taken by vote of the stockholders (except as otherwise required by applicable law and except as otherwise provided in the Certificate or these By-laws) shall be authorized by a majority of the votes cast by the stockholder entitled to vote thereon who are present in person or represented by proxy, and where a separate vote by class is required, a majority of the votes cast by the stockholders of such class who are present in person or represented by proxy shall be the act of the class.

     (d) Unless required by applicable law or determined by the chairman of the meeting to be advisable, the vote on any matter, including the election of directors, need not be by written ballot. In the case of a vote by written ballot, each ballot shall be signed by the stockholder voting, or by such stockholder’s proxy.

     Section 2.10. Inspectors. The Board of Directors, in advance of any meeting, may appoint any one or more inspectors of election to act at the meeting or any adjournment thereof. If an inspector or inspectors are not so appointed, the chairman of the meeting may appoint one or more inspectors to act at any meeting of stockholders. In case any person who may be appointed as an inspector fails to appear or act, the vacancy may be filled by appointment made by the directors in advance of the meeting or at the meeting by the chairman of the meeting. Each inspector, if any, before entering upon the discharge of his or her duties, shall take and sign an oath faithfully to execute the duties of inspector at such meeting with strict impartiality and according to the best of his or her ability. The inspectors, if any, shall determine the number of shares of the stock outstanding and the voting power of each, the shares of stock represented at the meeting, the existence of a quorum, and the validity and effect of proxies, and shall receive votes, ballots or consents, hear and determine all challenges and questions arising in connection with the right vote, count and tabulate all votes, ballots or consents, determine the result, and do such acts as are proper to conduct the election or vote with fairness to all stockholders. On request of the person presiding at the meeting, the inspector or inspectors, if any, shall make a report in writing of any challenge, question or matter determined by such inspector or inspectors and execute a certificate of any fact found by such inspector or inspectors. Inspectors need not be stockholders. No director or nominee for the office of director shall be appointed such inspector.

 

ARTICLE III

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

     Section 3.1. General Powers. The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of the Board, which may exercise all such powers of the Corporation and do all such lawful acts and things as are not by law or by the Certificate directed or required to be exercised or done by the stockholders.

     Section 3.2. Number, Qualification and Election.

     (a) Except as otherwise fixed by or pursuant to the provisions of Article IV of the Certificate relating to the rights of the holders of any class or series of stock having preference over the common stock of the corporation as to dividends or upon liquidation, the number of directors of the Corporation shall be determined from time to time by the Board by the affirmative vote of directors constituting at least a majority of the entire Board; provided that the number thereof may not be less than three.

     (b) The directors, others than those who may be elected by the holders of shares of any class or series of stock having a preference over the common stock of the Corporation as to dividends or upon liquidation pursuant to the terms of Article IV of the Certificate or any resolution or resolutions providing for the issuance of such stock adopted by the Board, shall be classified, with respect to the time for which they severally hold office, into three classes as nearly equal in number as possible, with each class to hold office until its successors are elected and qualified. Subject to the rights of the holders of any class or series of stock having a preference over the common stock of the Corporation as to dividends or upon liquidation, at each such annual meeting of the stockholders, the successors of the class of directors whose term expires at that meeting shall be elected to hold office for a term expiring at the annual meeting of stockholders held in the third year following the year of their election.

     (c) Each director shall be at least 21 years of age. Directors need not be stockholders of the Corporation.

     (d) In any election of directors held at a meeting of stockholders, the persons receiving a plurality of the votes cast by the stockholders entitled to vote thereon at such meeting who are present or represented by proxy, up to the number of directors to be elected in such election, shall be deemed elected.

     Section 3.3. Notification of Nomination.

     (a) Only persons who are nominated in accordance with the following procedures shall be eligible for election as directors of the Corporation, except as may be otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation with respect to the right of holders of preferred stock of the Corporation to nominate and elect a specified number of directors in certain circumstances. Nominations of persons for election to the Board may be made at any annual meeting of stockholders, or at any special meeting of stockholders called for the purpose of electing directors, (i) by or at the direction of the Board (or any duly authorized committee thereof) or (ii) by any stockholder of the Corporation (A) who is a stockholder of record on the date of the giving of the notice provided for in this Section 3.3 of this Article III and on the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to vote at such meeting and (B) who complies with the notice procedures set forth in Section 3.3(c) of this Article III. In addition to any other applicable requirements, for a nomination made by a stockholder pursuant to clause (ii) of this Section 3.3(a) of this Article III, such stockholder must have given timely notice thereof in proper written form to the Secretary of the Corporation.

     (b) To be timely, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary pursuant to clause (ii) of Section 3.3(a) of this Article III must be delivered or mailed and received at the principal executive offices of the Corporation (i) in the case of an annual meeting, not less than 120 days nor more than 150 days prior to the anniversary date of the immediately preceding annual meeting of stockholders; provided, however, that in the event that the annual meeting is called for a date that is not within 30 days before or after such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder in order to be timely must be so received no later than the close of business on the tenth day following the day on which such notice of the date of the annual meeting is mailed or such public disclosure of the date of the annual meeting is made, whichever first occurs, or (ii) in the case of a special meeting of stockholders called for the purpose of electing directors, not later than the close of business on the tenth day following the day on which notice of the date of the special meeting is mailed or public disclosure of the date of the special meeting is made, whichever first occurs.

     (c) To be in proper form, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary, pursuant to clause (ii) of Section 3.3(a) must set forth (i) as to each person whom the stockholder proposes to nominate for election as a director, (A) the name, age, business address and residence address of the person, (B) the business experience during the past five years of such nominee, including his or her principal occupation or employment during such period, the name and principal business of any corporation or other organization in which such occupations and employment were carried on, and such other information as to the nature of his or her responsibilities and level of professional competence as may be sufficient to permit assessment of his or her prior business experience, (C) the class or series and number of shares of capital stock of the Corporation which are owned beneficially or of record by the person and (D) any other information relating to the person that would be required to be disclosed in a proxy statement or other filings required to be made in connection with solicitations of proxies for election of directors pursuant to Section 14 of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder; and (ii) as to the stockholder giving the name, (A) the name and address of such stockholder and of all persons or entities acting in concert with the stockholder, (B) the name and address of such person as they appear on the Corporation’s books (if they so appear), (C) the class or series and number of shares of capital stock of the Corporation which are owned beneficially or of record by such stockholder, together with evidence reasonably satisfactory to the Secretary of such beneficial ownership, (D) a description of all arrangements or understandings between such stockholder and each proposed nominee and any other person or persons (including their names) pursuant to which the nomination(s) are to be made by such stockholder, (E) a representation that such stockholder intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to nominate the persons named in its notice and (F) any other information relating to such stockholder that would be required to be disclosed in a proxy statement or other filings required to be made in connection with solicitations of proxies for election of directors pursuant to Section 14 of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. Such notice must be accompanied by a written consent of each proposed nominee to being named as a nominee and to serve as a director if elected.

     (d) No person shall be eligible for election as a director of the Corporation unless nominated in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 3.3 of this Article III. If the chairman of the meeting determines that a nomination was not made in accordance with the foregoing procedures, the chairman of the meeting shall declare to the meeting that the nomination was defective and such defective nomination shall be disregarded.

     Section 3.4. Quorum and Manner of Acting. Except as otherwise provided by Delaware law, the Certificate or these By-laws, a majority of the entire Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the Board, and, except as so provided, the vote of a majority of the directors present at any meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the Board. The chairman of the meeting or a majority of the directors present may adjourn the meeting to another time and place whether or not a quorum is present. Notice need not be given of the adjourned meeting if announced at the meeting in which the adjournment is taken. At any adjourned meeting at which a quorum is present, any business may be transacted which might have been transacted at the meeting as originally called.

     Section 3.5. Place of Meeting. The Board may hold its meetings at such place or places within or without the State of Delaware as the Board may from time to time determine or as shall be specified or fixed in the respective notice or waivers of notice thereof.

     Section 3.6. Regular Meetings. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held at such times and places as the Chairman of the Board or the Board shall from time to time by resolution determine. If any day fixed for a regular meeting shall be a legal holiday under the laws of the place where the meeting is to be held, the meeting which would otherwise be held on that day shall be held at the same hour on the next succeeding business day.

     Section 3.7. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Board shall be held whenever called by the Chairman of the Board or by a majority of the directors.

     Section 3.8. Notice of Meetings. Notice of regular meetings of the Board or of any adjourned meeting thereof need not be given. Notice of each special meeting of the Board shall be given by overnight delivery service or mailed to each director, in either case addressed to such director at such director’s residence or usual place of business, at least two days before the day on which the meeting is to be held or shall be sent to such director at such place by telegraph or telecopy or be given personally or by telephone, not later than the day before the meeting is to be held, but notice need not be given to any director who shall, either before or after the meeting, submit a signed waiver of such notice or who shall attend such meeting without protesting, prior to or at its commencement, the lack of notice to such director. Every such notice shall state the time and place but need not state the purpose of the meeting.

     Section 3.9. Rules and Regulations. The Board may adopt such rules and regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of Delaware law, the Certificate or these By-laws for the conduct of its meetings and management of the affairs of the Corporation as the Board may deem proper.

     Section 3.10. Participation in Meeting by Means of Communication Equipment. Any one or more members of the Board or any committee thereof may participate in any meeting of the Board or of any such committee by means of conference telephone or similar communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other, and such participation in a meeting shall constitute presence in person at such meeting.

     Section 3.11. Organization. At all meetings of the Board of Directors, the Chairman or in the Chairman’s absence or inability to act, the President, or in the President’s absence, a chairman chosen by the directors, shall preside. The Secretary of the Corporation shall act as a secretary at all meetings of the Board of Directors when present and, in the Secretary’s absence, the presiding officer may appoint any person to act as Secretary.

     Section 3.12. Action Without Meeting. Any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the Board or any committee thereof may be taken without a meeting if all of the members of the Board or of any such committee consent thereto in writing or by electronic transmission, and the writing or writings or electronic transmission or transmissions are filed with the minutes or proceedings of the Board or of such committee. Such filing shall be in paper form if the minutes are maintained in paper form and shall be in electronic form if the minutes are maintained in electronic form.

     Section 3.13. Resignations. Any director of the Corporation may at any time resign by giving written notice to the Board, the Chairman of the Board, the President or the Secretary. Such resignation shall take effect at the time specified therein or, if the time be not specified therein, upon receipt thereof; and, unless otherwise specified therein, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.

     Section 3.14. Removal of Directors. Directors may be removed only as provided in Section 5.5 of Article V of the Certificate.

     Section 3.15. Vacancies. Subject to the rights of the holders of any class or series of stock having a preference over the common stock of the Corporation as to dividends or upon liquidation, any vacancies on the Board resulting from death, resignation, removal or other cause, and newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the number of directors, may be filled only by the Board of Directors (and not by the shareholders), acting by a majority of the remaining directors then in office, even though less than a quorum of the Board, or by a sole remaining director, and any directors so appointed shall hold office until the next annual meeting thereof or at a special meeting called for that purpose in accordance with Section 2.3 of Article II of these By-laws. Any director elected in accordance with the preceding sentence of this Section 3.15 of this Article III shall hold office for the remainder of the full term of the class of directors in which the new directorship was created or the vacancy occurred and until such director’s successor shall have been elected and qualified.

     Section 3.16. Compensation. Each director, in consideration of such person serving as a director, shall be entitled to receive from the Corporation such amount per annum and such fees for attendance at meetings of the Board or of committees of the Board, or both, as the Board shall from time to time determine. In addition, each director shall be entitled to receive from the Corporation reimbursement for the reasonable expenses incurred by such person in connection with the performance of such person’s duties as a director. Nothing contained in this Section 3.16 of this Article III shall preclude any director from serving the Corporation or any of its subsidiaries in any other capacity and receiving proper compensation therefore.

 

ARTICLE IV

COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

     Section 4.1. Establishment of Committees of the Board of Directors; Election of Members of Committees of the Board of Directors; Functions of Committees of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may, in accordance with and subject to the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, from time to time establish one or more committees, each committee to consist of one or more of the directors of the Corporation. The Board of Directors may designate one or more directors as alternate members of any committee, who may replace any absent or disqualified member at any meeting of the committee. Any member of any committee of the Board may be removed with or without cause by action taken by a majority of the whole Board. In the absence or disqualification of a member of a committee, the member or members present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, whether or not such member or members constitute a quorum, may unanimously appoint another member of the Board of Directors to act at the meeting in the place of any such absent or disqualified member. Any such committee, to the extent provided in the resolution of the Board, shall have and may exercise, to the extent permitted under Delaware law, the powers of the Board of Directors in the management of the business and affairs of the Corporation, and may authorize the seal of the Corporation to be affixed to all papers which may require it; but no such committee shall have the power or authority to: (i) approve or adopt, or recommend to the stockholders, any action or matter required to be submitted to the stockholders for approval, (ii) adopt, amend or repeal any By-law or (iii) take any action that it is not permitted to take pursuant to Delaware law. Such committee or committees shall have such name or names as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors.

     Section 4.2. Procedures; Meetings; Quorum. Regular meetings of committees of the Board, of which no notice shall be necessary, may be held at such times and places as shall be fixed by resolution adopted by a majority of the members thereof. Special meetings of any committee of the Board shall be called at the request of a majority of the members thereof. Notice of each special meeting of any committee of the Board shall be given by overnight delivery service or mailed to each member, in either case addressed to such member at such member’s residence or normal place of business, at least two days before the day on which the meeting is to be held or shall be sent to such members at such place by telegraph or telecopy or be given personally or by telephone, not later than the day before the meeting is to be held, but notice need not be given to any member who shall, either before or after the meeting, submit a signed waiver of such notice or who shall attend such meeting without protesting, prior to it or at its commencement, the lack of such notice to such member. Any special meeting of any committee of the Board shall be a legal meeting without any notice thereof having been given, if all of the members thereof shall be present thereat. Notice of any adjourned meeting of any committee of the Board need not be given. Any committee of the Board may adopt such rules and regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of Delaware law, the Certificate or these By-laws for the conduct of its meetings as such committee of the Board may deem proper. A majority of the members of any committee of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting, and the vote of the majority of the members thereof present at any meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of such committee. Each committee of the Board shall keep written minutes of its proceedings and shall report on such proceedings tot the Board.

     Section 4.3. Termination. In the event any person shall cease to be director of the Corporation, such person shall simultaneously therewith cease to be a member of any Committee appointed by the Board of Directors.

ARTICLE V

OFFICERS

     Section 5.1. Number; Term of Office. The officers of the Corporation shall be such officers, which may include a Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, President, Chief Financial Officer, General Counsel and one or more Vice Presidents (including, without limitation, Assistant, Executive and Senior Vice Presidents) and a Treasurer, Secretary and Controller and such other officers or agents with such titles and such duties as the Board may from time to time determine, each to have such authority, functions or duties as provided in these By-laws or as the Board may from time to time determine, and each to hold office for such term as may be prescribed by the Board and until such person’s successor shall have been chosen and shall qualify, or until such person’s death or resignation, or until such person’s removal in the manner hereinafter provided. One person may hold the offices and perform the duties of any two or more of said officers; provided, however, that no officer shall execute, acknowledge or verify any instrument in more than one capacity if such instrument is required by law, the Certificate or these By-laws to be executed, acknowledged or verified by two or more officers. The Board may from time to time authorize any officer to appoint and remove any such other officers and agents and to prescribe their powers and duties. The Board may require any officer or agent to give security for the faithful performance of such person’s duties.

     Section 5.2. Removal. Any officer may be removed, either with or without cause, by the Board at any meeting thereof or, except in the case of any officer elected by the Board, by any superior officer upon whom such power may be conferred by the Board.

     Section 5.3. Resignation. Any officer may resign at any time by giving notice to the Board, the Chairman of the Board or the Secretary. Any such resignation shall take effect at the date of receipt of such notice or at any later date specified therein; and, unless otherwise specified therein, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.

     Section 5.4. Vacancies. A vacancy in any office because of death, resignation, removal or any other cause may be filled for the unexpired portion of the term in the manner prescribed in these By-laws for election to such office.

     Section 5.5. Chairman of the Board; Powers and Duties. The Chairman of the Board and the Chief Executive of the corporation shall be two different persons. The Chairman of the Board, when present, shall preside at all meetings of the stockholders and the Board. The Chairman of the Board shall perform such other duties commonly incident to the office and shall also perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board shall designate from time to time.

     Section 5.6. Chief Executive Officer, President, Executive Vice Presidents, Senior Vice Presidents and Vice Presidents; Powers and Duties.

     (a) Chief Executive Officer. The Chief Executive Officer shall be elected by the Board. The Chief Executive Officer shall be the chief executive officer of the corporation and shall, subject to the control of the Board, have general supervision, direction and control of the business and officers, employees and agents of the corporation. The Chief Executive Officer shall perform other duties commonly incident to the office and shall also perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board shall designate from time to time. In the absence of the Chairman of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer, if such officer is a director, shall preside at all meetings of the Board, unless the Board determines otherwise. Any document may be signed by the Chief Executive Officer or any other person who may be thereunto authorized by the Board, the Chairman of the Board, or the Chief Executive Officer.

     (b) President. Subject to the oversight of the Board and the supervision, control and authority of the Chief Executive Officer, the President shall have general supervision, direction and control of the business and the officers, employees and agents of the corporation. The President shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board of Directors shall designated from time to time.

     (c) Executive Vice Presidents, Senior Vice Presidents, and Vice Presidents. Subject to the supervision, control and authority of the President (or the Chief Executive Officer if there is no President), each Executive Vice President, each Senior Vice President, and each Vice President shall have the powers and perform such duties that pertain to, or relate to, such Executive Vice President’s, Senior Vice President’s, or Vice President’s designated job or business function and shall have such other powers and perform such other duties as may be assigned by the Board, the Chairman of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer or the President from time to time.

     (d) Interim Chief Executive Officer. In case of the absence or disability of the Chief Executive Officer or a vacancy in the office, the President, an Executive Vice President, a Senior Vice President, or a Vice President designated by the Chief Executive Officer or the Board, or an interim officer designated by the Board, shall exercise all the powers and perform all the duties of the Chief Executive Officer.

 

ARTICLE VI

CONTRACTS, ETC.

 

     Section 6.1. Contracts. The Board of Directors may authorize any person or persons, in the name and on behalf of the Corporation, to enter into or execute and deliver any and all deeds, bonds, mortgages, contracts and other obligations or instruments, and such authority may be general or confined to specific instances. In addition, the officers may enter into, execute and deliver such undertakings in the ordinary course of business, and authorize other persons to enter into, execute and deliver such undertakings in the ordinary course of business, in connection with the officer’s exercise of their powers enumerated in these By-laws.

     Section 6.2. Proxies; Powers of Attorney; Other Instruments.

     (a) The Chairman, the President, any Vice President, the Treasurer or any other person designated by any of them shall have the power and authority to execute and deliver proxies, powers of attorney and other instruments on behalf of the Corporation in connection with the execution of contracts, the purchase of real or personal property, the rights and powers incident to the ownership of stock in the Corporation and such other situations as the Chairman, the President, such Vice President or the Treasurer shall approve (to the extent in the ordinary course of business, or in other instances, as may be authorized by the Board of Directors), such approval conclusively evidenced by the execution of such proxy, power of attorney or other instrument on behalf of the Corporation.

     (b) The Chairman, the President, any Vice President, the Treasurer or any other person authorized by proxy or power of attorney executed and delivered by any of them on behalf of the Corporation may attend and vote at any meeting of the stockholders of any company in which the Corporation may hold stock, and may exercise on behalf of the Corporation any and all of the rights and powers incident to the ownership of such stock at any such meeting, or otherwise as specified in the proxy or power of attorney so authorizing any such person. The Board of Directors, from time to time, may confer like powers upon any other person.

 

ARTICLE VII

INDEMNIFICATION

 

     Section 7.1. Right to Indemnification. Each person who was or is made a party or is threatened to be made a party to or is otherwise involved in any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (a “Proceeding”), by reason of the fact (a) that he or she is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or (b) that he or she, being at the time a director or officer of the Corporation, is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, member, employee, fiduciary or agent of another corporation or of a partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, including service with respect to an employee benefit plan (collectively, “another enterprise” or “other enterprise”), shall be indemnified and held harmless by the Corporation to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law as the same exists or may hereafter be amended (but, in the case of any such amendment, with respect to alleged action or inaction occurring prior to such amendment, only to the extent that such amendment permits the Corporation to provide broader indemnification rights than permitted prior thereto), against all expense, liability and loss (including, without limitation, attorneys’ and other professionals’ fees and expenses, claims, judgments, fines, ERISA excise taxes or penalties and amounts paid in settlement) actually and reasonably incurred or suffered by such person in connection therewith (“Losses”). Without diminishing the scope of indemnification provided by this Section 7.1, such persons shall also be entitled to the further rights set forth below.

     Section 7.2. Actions, Suits or Proceedings Other Than Those By Or In The Right of the Corporation.

     (a) Subject to the terms and conditions of this Article VII, the Corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any Proceeding (other than an action by or in the right of the Corporation) by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer or employee of the Corporation, or, being at the time a director, officer or employee of the Corporation, is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, member, employee, fiduciary or agent of another enterprise, against all Losses, actually and reasonably incurred or suffered by such person in connection with such Proceeding if such person acted in good faith and in a manner reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe the conduct was unlawful. The termination of any Proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of NOLO CONTENDERE or its equivalent, shall not, of itself, create a presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had reasonable cause to believe that the conduct was unlawful.

     Section 7.3. Actions, Suits or Proceedings By Or In The Right Of the Corporation. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Article VII, the Corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any Proceeding by or in the right of the Corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer or employee of the Corporation, or being at the time a director, officer or employee of the Corporation, is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, member, employee, fiduciary or agent of another enterprise against all Losses actually and reasonably incurred or suffered by such person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if such person acted in good faith and in a manner reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation except that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the Corporation unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery or the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the Court of Chancery or such other court shall deem proper.

     Section 7.4. Conditions to Indemnification. To the extent permitted by applicable law, the payment of indemnification provided for by this Article VII, including the advancement of losses pursuant to Section 7.9 of this Article VII, shall be subject to the following conditions: (i) that the Corporation be given prompt notice of any proceeding, (ii) that the Corporation shall have complete charge of the defense of such proceeding, (iii) the right to select counsel for the indemnified party, and (iv) that the indemnified party shall assist and cooperate fully in all matters respecting the proceeding and its defense or settlement. The Corporation may waive any or all of the conditions set forth in the preceding sentence. Any such waiver shall be applicable only to the specific payment for which the waiver is made and shall not in any way obligate the Corporation to grant such waiver at any future time. In the event of a conflict of interest between the indemnified party and the Corporation that would disqualify the Corporation’s counsel from representing the indemnified party under the rules of professional conduct applicable to attorneys, it shall be the policy of the Corporation to waive any or all of the foregoing conditions subject to such limitations or conditions as the Corporation shall deem to be reasonable in the circumstances.

     Section 7.5. Authorization of Indemnification. Any indemnification under this Article VII (unless ordered by a court) shall be made by the Corporation only as authorized in the specific case upon a determination that indemnification of a person is proper in the circumstances because such person has met the applicable standard of conduct required by Section 7.1 or set forth in Section 7.2 or 7.3 of this Article VII, as the case may be. Such determination shall be made, with respect to a person who is a director or officer at the time of such determination, in a reasonably prompt manner (i) by the Board of Directors by a majority vote of directors who were not parties to such action, suit or proceeding, whether or not they constitute a quorum of the Board of Directors, (ii) by a committee of such directors designated by majority vote of such directors, even though less than a quorum, (iii) if there are no such directors, or if such directors so direct, by independent legal counsel in a written opinion, (iv) by the stockholders or (v) as Delaware law may otherwise permit. To the extent, however, that a present or former director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation has been successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any action, suit or proceeding described above, or in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys’ and other professionals’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection therewith, without the necessity of authorization in the specific case.

     Section 7.6. Good Faith Defined. For purposes of any determination under Section 7.4 of this Article VII, a person shall be deemed to have acted in good faith if the action is based on (a) the records or books of account of the Corporation or another enterprise, or on information supplied to such person by the officers of the Corporation or another enterprise in the course of their duties or on (b) the advice of legal counsel for the Corporation or another enterprise, or on information or records given or reports made to the Corporation or another enterprise by an independent certified public accountant, independent financial adviser, appraiser or other expert selected with reasonable care by the Corporation or the other enterprise. The provisions of this Section 7.5 shall not be deemed to be exclusive or to limit in any way the circumstances in which a person may be deemed to have met the applicable standard of conduct.

     Section 7.7. Proceedings Initiated by Indemnified Persons. Notwithstanding any provisions of this Article VII to the contrary, the Corporation shall not indemnify any person or make advance payments in respect of Losses to any person pursuant to this Article VII in connection with any Proceeding (or portion thereof) initiated against the Corporation by such person unless such Proceeding (or portion thereof) is authorized by the Board of Directors or its designee; provided, however, that this prohibition shall not apply to a counterclaim, cross-claim or third-party claim brought in any Proceeding or in connection with suits seeking to enforce rights to indemnification or advancement of Losses as otherwise ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction.

     Section 7.8. Indemnification by a Court. Notwithstanding any contrary determination in the specific case under Section 7.4 of this Article VII, and notwithstanding the absence of any determination thereunder, any director, officer or employee may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for indemnification to the extent otherwise permissible under Sections 7.1, 7.2 or 7.3 of this Article VII. Notice of any application for indemnification pursuant to this Section 7.7 shall be given to the Corporation promptly upon the filing of such application.

     Section 7.9. Losses Payable in Advance. Losses reasonably incurred by an officer or director in defending any threatened or pending Proceeding shall be paid by the Corporation in advance of the final disposition of such Proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such director or officer to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such person is not entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation as authorized in this Article VII. Losses shall be reasonably documented by the officer or director and required payments shall be made promptly by the Corporation. Losses incurred by former directors and officers or other employees and agents may be so paid upon such terms and conditions, if any, as the Corporation deems appropriate.

     Section 7.10. Non-Exclusivity and Survival of Indemnification. The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by or granted pursuant to this Article VII shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which those seeking indemnification or advancement of expenses may be entitled under the Certificate of Incorporation, any By-law, agreement, contract, vote of Stockholders or of disinterested directors, or pursuant to the direction (howsoever embodied) of any court of competent jurisdiction or otherwise. The provisions of this Article VII shall not be deemed to preclude the indemnification of any person who is not specified in Section 7.1, 7.2 or 7.3 of this Article VII but whom the Corporation has the power or obligation to indemnify under the provisions of Delaware law, or otherwise. The rights conferred by this Article VII shall continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director, officer or employee and shall inure to the benefit of such person and the heirs, executors, administrators and other comparable legal representatives of such person. The rights conferred in this Article VII shall be enforceable as contract rights, and shall continue to exist after any rescission or restrictive modification hereof with respect to events occurring prior thereto. No rights are conferred in this Article VII for the benefit of any person (including, without limitation, officers, directors and employees of subsidiaries of the Corporation) in any capacity other than as explicitly set forth herein.

     Section 7.11. Meaning of Certain Terms in Connection with Employee Benefit Plans, Etc. For purposes of this Article VII, references to “fines” shall include any excise taxes assessed on a person with respect to an employee benefit plan; references to “serving at the request of the Corporation” shall include any service as a director, officer or employee of the Corporation which imposes duties on, or involves services by, such director, officer or employee, with respect to an employee benefit plan, its participants or beneficiaries; and a person who has acted in good faith and in a manner reasonably believed to be in the interest of the participants and beneficiaries of an employee benefit plan shall be deemed to have acted in a manner “not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation” as referred to in this Article VII.

     Section 7.12. Insurance. The Corporation may, but shall not be required to, purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer or employee of the Corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, member, employee, fiduciary or agent of another against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by such person in any such capacity, or arising out of such person’s status as such, whether or not the Corporation would have the power or the obligation to indemnify such person against such liability under the provisions of this Article VII.

 

ARTICLE VIII
CAPITAL STOCK

 

     Section 8.1. Share Ownership.

     (a) Ownership of shares of stock of each class of the Corporation shall be evidenced by an uncertificated electronic book entry on the records of the Corporation, or a certificate, or other form as shall be approved by the Board. Certificates representing shares of stock of each class shall be signed by, or in the name of, the Corporation by the Chairman of the Board or the President, any Vice President and by the Secretary or any Assistant Secretary or the Treasurer or any Assistant Treasurer of the Corporation, and sealed with the seal of the Corporation, which may be a facsimile thereof. Any or all such signatures may be facsimiles if countersigned by a transfer agent or registrar. Although any officer, transfer agent or registrar whose manual or facsimile signature is affixed to such a certificate ceases to be such officer, transfer agent or registrar before such certificate has been issued, it may nevertheless be issued by the Corporation with the same effect as if such officer, transfer agent or registrar were still such at the date of its issue.

     (b) The stock ledger and blank share certificates shall be kept by the Secretary or by a transfer agent or by a registrar or by any other officer or agent designated by the Board.

     Section 8.2. Transfer of Shares. Transfers of shares of stock of each class of the Corporation shall be made only on the books of the Corporation by the holder thereof, or by such holder’s attorney thereunto authorized by a power of attorney duly executed and filed with the Secretary or a transfer agent for such stock, if any, and on surrender of the certificate or certificates, if any, for such shares properly endorsed or accompanied by a duly executed stock transfer power (or by proper evidence of succession, assignment or authority to transfer) and the payment of any taxes thereon; provided, however, that the Corporation shall be entitled to recognize and enforce any lawful restriction on transfer. The person in whose name shares are registered on the books of the Corporation shall be deemed the owner thereof for all purposes as regards the Corporation; provided, however, that whenever any transfer of shares shall be made for collateral security and not absolutely, and written notice thereof shall be given to the Secretary or to such transfer agent, such fact shall be stated in the entry of the transfer. No transfer of shares shall be valid as against the Corporation, its stockholders and creditors for any purpose, except to render the transferee liable for the debts of the Corporation to the extent provided by law, until it shall have been entered in the stock records of the Corporation by an entry showing from and to whom transferred.

     Section 8.3. Location of Books and Records. The books and records of the Corporation may be kept at such place or places as the Board of Directors or the respective officers in charge thereof may from time to time determine. The record books containing the names and addresses of all Stockholders, the number and class of shares of stock held by each and he dates when they respectively became the owners of record thereof shall be kept by the Secretary as prescribed in the By-laws or by such officer or agent as shall be designated by the Board of Directors.

     Section 8.4. Registered Stockholders and Addresses of Stockholders.

     (a) The Corporation shall be entitled to recognize the exclusive right of a person registered on its records as the owner of shares of stock to receive dividends and to vote as such owner, shall be entitled to hold liable for calls and assessments a person registered on its records as the owner of shares of stock, and shall not be bound to recognize any equitable or other claim to or interest in such share or shares of stock on the part of any other person, whether or not it shall have express or other notice thereof, except as otherwise provided by the laws of Delaware.

     (b) Each stockholder shall designate to the Secretary or transfer agent of the Corporation an address at which notices of meetings and all other corporate notices may be delivered or mailed to such person, and, if any stockholder shall fail to designate such address, corporate notices may be delivered to such person by mail directed to such person at such person’s post office address, if any, as the same appears on the stock record books of the Corporation or at such person’s last known post office address.

     Section 8.5. Lost, Destroyed and Mutilated Certificates. The Corporation may issue to any holder of shares of stock the certificate for which has been lost, stolen, destroyed or mutilated a new certificate or certificates for shares, upon the surrender of the mutilated certificate or, in the case of loss, theft or destruction of the certificate, upon satisfactory proof of such loss, theft or destruction. The Board, or a committee designated thereby, or the transfer agents and registrars for the stock, may, in their discretion, require the owner of the lost, stolen or destroyed certificate, or such person’s legal representative, to give the Corporation a bond in such sum and with such surety or sureties as they may direct to indemnify the Corporation and said transfer agents and registrars against any claim that may be made on account of the alleged loss, theft or destruction of any such certificate or the issuance of such new certificate.

     Section 8.6. Regulations. The Board may make such additional rules and regulations as it may deem expedient concerning the issue and transfer of certificates representing shares of stock of each class of the Corporation and may make such rules and take such action as it may deem expedient concerning the issue of certificates in lieu of certificates claimed to have been lost, destroyed, stolen or mutilated.

     Section 8.7. Fixing Date for Determination of Stockholders of Record. In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of stockholders or any adjournment thereof, or entitled to receive payment of any dividend or other distribution or allotment or any rights, or entitled to exercise any rights in respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock or for the purpose of any other lawful action, the Board may fix, in advance, a record date, which shall not be more than 60 nor less than 10 days before the date of such meeting, nor more than 60 days prior to any other action. A determination of stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of the stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting; provided, however, that the Board may fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting.

     Section 8.8 Transfer Agents and Registrars. The Board may appoint, or authorize any officer or officers to appoint, one or more transfer agents and one or more registrars.

 

ARTICLE IX

 

DIVIDENDS

     Subject to the provisions of Delaware Law and the Certificate of Incorporation, the Board of Directors shall have full power to declare and pay dividends on the capital stock of the Corporation. Before payment of any dividend, there may be set aside out of any funds of the Corporation available for dividends such sum or sums as the Board of Directors from time to time, in its absolute discretion, may determine for any proper purpose, and the Board of Directors may modify or abolish such reserve.

 

ARTICLE X

SEAL

 

     The Board shall provide a corporate seal, which shall be in the form of a circle and shall bear the full name of the Corporation and the words and figures of “Corporate Seal Delaware”, or such other words or figures as the Board may approve and adopt. The seal may be used by causing it or a facsimile thereof to be impressed or affixed or in any other manner reproduced.

 

ARTICLE XI

FISCAL YEAR

 

     The fiscal year of the Corporation shall be fixed, and shall be subject to change, by the Board of Directors. Unless otherwise fixed by the Board of Directors, the fiscal year of the Corporation shall end on December 31.

 

ARTICLE XII

AMENDMENT

 

     Any By-law may be adopted, repealed, altered or amended by two-thirds of the entire Board at any meeting thereof. The stockholders of the Corporation shall have the power to amend, alter or repeal any provision of these By-laws only to the extent and in the manner provided in the Certificate.

 

[As Filed 11/08/2007]