AMENDED AND RESTATED

 

BY-LAWS

 

OF

 

DEALERTRACK TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

 

 

April 21, 2015

 

Incorporated under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware

 

Article I.
OFFICES AND RECORDS

 

Section 1.1 Delaware Office.

 

The principal office of Dealertrack Technologies, Inc. (the “Corporation”) in the State of Delaware shall be located in the City of Wilmington, County of New Castle, and the name and address of its registered agent is The Corporation Trust Company, 1209 Orange Street, Wilmington, Delaware.

 

Section 1.2 Other Offices.

 

The Corporation may have such other offices, either within or without the State of Delaware, as the Board of Directors may from time to time designate or as the business of the Corporation may from time to time require.

 

Section 1.3 Books and Records.

 

The books and records of the Corporation may be kept outside the State of Delaware at such place or places as may from time to time be designated by the Board of Directors.

 

Article II.
STOCKHOLDERS

 

Section 2.1 Annual Meeting.

 

If required by applicable law, an annual meeting of stockholders shall be held for the election of directors at such date, time and place, either within or without the State of Delaware, as may be designated by resolution of the Board of Directors from time to time. Other proper business may be transacted at the annual meeting.

 

Section 2.2 Special Meeting.

 

Special meetings of stockholders for any purpose or purposes may be called at any time by a majority of the total authorized members of the Board of Directors, but such special meetings may not be called by any other person or persons. Business transacted at any special meeting of stockholders shall be limited to the purposes stated in the notice.

 

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Section 2.3 Place of Meeting.

 

The Board of Directors may designate the place of meeting for any meeting of the stockholders. If no designation is made by the Board of Directors, the place of meeting shall be the principal office of the Corporation. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Board of Directors may, in its sole discretion, determine that the meeting shall not be held at any place, but shall be held solely by means of remote communication, subject to such guidelines and procedures as the Board of Directors may adopt, as permitted by applicable law.

 

Section 2.4 Notice of Meeting.

 

Written or printed notice, stating the place, if any, date and hour of a meeting, the means of remote communications, if any, by which stockholders and proxyholders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such meeting and the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called, shall be prepared and delivered by the Corporation not less than ten (10) days nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting, either personally or by mail, to each stockholder of record entitled to vote at such meeting. If mailed, such notice shall be deemed to be delivered when deposited in the United States mail with postage thereon prepaid, addressed to the stockholder at such stockholder’s address as it appears on the books of the Corporation.

 

Without limiting the foregoing, any notice to stockholders given by the Corporation pursuant to this Section 2.4 shall be effective if given by a form of electronic transmission consented to by the stockholder to whom the notice is given. Any such consent shall be revocable by the stockholder by written notice to the Corporation and shall also be deemed revoked if (1) the Corporation is unable to deliver by electronic transmission two consecutive notices given by the Corporation in accordance with such consent and (2) such inability becomes known to the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the Corporation, the transfer agent or other person responsible for the giving of notice, provided, however, the inadvertent failure to treat such inability as a revocation shall not invalidate any meeting or other action. Notice given by a form of electronic transmission in accordance with these By-Laws shall be deemed given (i) if by facsimile telecommunication, when directed to a number at which the stockholder has consented to receive notice, (ii) if by electronic mail, when directed to an electronic mail address at which the stockholder has consented to receive notice; (iii) if by a posting on an electronic network, together with separate notice to the stockholder of such specific posting, upon the later of such posting and the giving of such separate notice, and (iv) if by another form of electronic transmission, when directed to the stockholder.

 

For purposes of these By-Laws, “electronic transmission” means any form of communication, not directly involving the physical transmission of paper, that creates a record that may be retained, retrieved and reviewed by a recipient thereof, and that may be directly reproduced in paper form by such a recipient through an automated process.

 

Section 2.5 Adjournments.

 

Any meeting of stockholders, annual or special, may be adjourned solely by the chair of the meeting from time to time to reconvene at the same or some other time, date and place. The stockholders present at a meeting shall not have authority to adjourn the meeting. Notice need not be given of any such adjourned meeting if the time, date and place thereof are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken. If the time, date and place of the adjourned meeting are not announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken, then the Secretary of the Corporation shall give written notice of the time, date and place of the adjourned meeting not less than ten (10) days prior to the date of the adjourned meeting.

 

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At an adjourned meeting at which a quorum is present, the stockholders may transact any business which might have been transacted at the original meeting. Once a share is represented for any purpose at a meeting, it shall be present for quorum purposes for the remainder of the meeting and for any adjournment of that meeting unless a new record date is or must be set for the adjourned meeting. A new record date must be set if the meeting is adjourned in a single adjournment to a date more than 120 days after the original date fixed for the meeting. If after the adjournment a new record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given to each stockholder of record entitled to vote at the adjourned meeting consistent with the new record date.

 

Section 2.6 Quorum.

 

Except as otherwise provided by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, at each meeting of stockholders the presence in person or by proxy of the holders of a majority in voting power of the outstanding shares of stock entitled to vote at the meeting shall be necessary and sufficient to constitute a quorum. In the absence of a quorum, the stockholders so present may, by a majority in voting power thereof, adjourn the meeting from time to time in the manner provided in Section 2.5 of these By-Laws until a quorum shall attend.

 

Section 2.7 Voting and Proxies.

 

(A) General. Except as otherwise provided by or pursuant to the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, each stockholder entitled to vote at any meeting of stockholders shall be entitled to one vote for each share of stock held by such stockholder which has voting power upon the matter in question. Each stockholder entitled to vote at a meeting of stockholders may authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder by proxy, but no such proxy shall be voted or acted upon after three years from its date, unless the proxy provides for a longer period. A proxy shall be irrevocable if it states that it is irrevocable and if, and only as long as, it is coupled with an interest sufficient in law to support an irrevocable power. A stockholder may revoke any proxy which is not irrevocable by attending the meeting and voting in person or by delivering to the Secretary of the Corporation a revocation of the proxy or a new proxy bearing a later date. Voting at meetings of stockholders need not be by written ballot.

 

(B) Election of Directors. Except as otherwise provided by or pursuant to the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, each director to be elected by stockholders shall be elected by the vote of the majority of the votes cast with respect to the director at any meeting for the election of directors at which a quorum is present by the holders of shares present in person or represented by proxy and entitled to vote on the election of directors; provided that if, as of the tenth (10th) day preceding the date the notice of meeting is first mailed for such meeting to stockholders of the Corporation, the number of nominees for director exceeds the number of directors to be elected (a “Contested Election”), the directors shall be elected by the vote of a plurality of the votes cast by the shares represented in person or by proxy at any such meeting and entitled to vote on the election of directors. For purposes of this Section 2.7(B), a majority of the votes cast shall mean that the number of shares cast “for” a director must exceed the number of votes cast “against” that director with respect to that director’s election. Votes cast shall include votes “for” and “against” a nominee and shall exclude abstentions and broker non-votes with respect to that director’s election. If directors are to be elected by a plurality, stockholders shall be permitted to withhold votes from a nominee but shall not be permitted to vote against a nominee.

 

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In order for any person to become a nominee of the Board of Directors for service on the Board of Directors, such person shall have tendered, prior to the mailing of the proxy statement for the annual or special meeting at which he or she is to be nominated for election as a director, an irrevocable resignation in accordance with Section 141(b) of the Delaware General Corporation Law that is contingent on (i) that person not receiving a majority of the votes cast in an election that is not a Contested Election, and (ii) acceptance of that resignation by the Board of Directors in accordance with any policies and procedures adopted by the Board of Directors for that purpose. In the event an incumbent director fails to receive a majority of the votes cast in an election that is not a Contested Election, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee (or such other committee designated by the Board of Directors pursuant to these By-laws) (the “Governance Committee”), shall make a recommendation to the Board of Directors as to whether to accept or reject the resignation of such incumbent director, or whether other action should be taken. In determining whether to accept or reject such resignation of such incumbent director, the Governance Committee shall be entitled to consider all factors and other information believed relevant or appropriate by the members of the Governance Committee. Such incumbent director who is the subject of such resignation may not participate in the Governance Committee’s recommendation. If each of the members of the Governance Committee shall have failed to receive a majority of the votes cast in an election that is not a Contested Election, then the Board of Directors shall act on the resignation of each such member.

 

The Board of Directors shall act on such resignation of such incumbent director, taking into account the recommendation of the Governance Committee, and shall publicly disclose (by press release, by a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) or otherwise, or by other broadly disseminated means of communication) its decision regarding such resignation of such incumbent director and the rationale behind the decision within 90 days from the date of the certification of the election results. In determining whether to accept or reject such resignation of such incumbent director, the Board of Directors shall be entitled to consider all of the factors considered by the Governance Committee and any additional information and factors that the Board of Directors believes to be relevant or appropriate. Such incumbent director who is the subject of such resignation may not participate in the Board of Directors’ decision. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the acceptance by the Board of Directors of resignations of more than one incumbent director who failed to receive a majority of the votes cast in an election that is not a Contested Election would result in the Corporation having fewer than five directors who were in office prior to the applicable election, the Board of Directors may elect to extend such 90 day period by an additional 90 days if the Board of Directors shall determine that such an extension is in the best interests of the Corporation.

 

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If such incumbent director’s resignation is not accepted by the Board of Directors, such director shall continue to serve until the class of directors in which he or she is serving is to be next elected and until his or her successor is duly elected and qualified, subject to such director’s earlier death, resignation, disqualification or removal. If such incumbent director’s resignation is accepted by the Board of Directors pursuant to this Section 2.7(B), or if a nominee for director is not elected and the nominee is not an incumbent director, then the Board of Directors, in its sole discretion, may fill any resulting vacancy pursuant to the provisions of Article III, Section 3.8 below or may decrease the size of the Board of Directors pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Corporation’s Certificate of Incorporation and these By-Laws.

 

(C) Other Questions. Except as provided in Section 2.7(B), all other questions shall, unless otherwise provided by the Certificate of Incorporation, these By-Laws, the rules or regulations of any stock exchange or quotation system applicable to the Corporation, or applicable law or pursuant to any regulation applicable to the Corporation or its securities, be decided by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority in voting power of the shares of stock of the Corporation which are present in person or by proxy and entitled to vote thereon.

 

(D) Participation and Voting By Means of Remote Communication. If authorized by the Board of Directors in accordance with these By-Laws and applicable law, stockholders and proxyholders not physically present at a meeting of stockholders may, by means of remote communication, (a) participate in a meeting of stockholders and (b) be deemed present in person and vote at a meeting of stockholders, whether such meeting is to be held at a designated place or solely by means of remote communication, provided that (i) the Corporation shall implement reasonable measures to verify that each person deemed present and permitted to vote at the meeting by means of remote communication is a stockholder or proxyholder, (ii) the Corporation shall implement reasonable measures to provide such stockholders and proxyholders a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and to vote on matters submitted to the stockholders, including an opportunity to read or hear the proceedings of the meeting substantially concurrently with such proceedings, and (iii) if any stockholder or proxyholder votes or takes other action at the meeting by means of remote communication, a record of such vote or other action shall be maintained by the Corporation.

 

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Section 2.8 Notice of Stockholder Business and Nominations.

 

(A) Annual Meetings of Stockholders.

 

(1) Nominations of persons for election to the Board of Directors of the Corporation and the proposal of business to be considered by the stockholders may be made at an annual meeting of stockholders only (a) pursuant to the Corporation’s notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto), (b) by or at the direction of the Board of Directors or (c) by any stockholder of the Corporation who is a stockholder of record of the Corporation both at the time the notice provided for in this Section 2.8 is delivered to the Secretary of the Corporation and at the time of the meeting, who is entitled to vote at the meeting and who timely complies with the notice procedures set forth in this Section 2.8 as to such nomination or such business. For the avoidance of doubt, the preceding clause (c) shall be the exclusive means for a stockholder to propose nominations or submit other business before an annual meeting of stockholders of the Corporation.

 

(2) Without qualification, for nominations or other business to be properly brought before an annual meeting by a stockholder pursuant to clause (c) of paragraph (A)(l) of this Section 2.8 (or before a special meeting of stockholders pursuant to paragraph (B) of this Section 2.8), the stockholder must (i) have given timely notice thereof in writing and in proper form to the Secretary of the Corporation, and any such proposed business other than the nominations of persons for election to the Board of Directors must constitute a proper matter for stockholder action and (ii) provide any updates or supplements to such notice at the times and in the forms required by this paragraph (A)(2) of Section 2.8. To be timely, a stockholder’s notice shall be delivered to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not later than the close of business on the ninetieth (90th) day nor earlier than the close of business on the one hundred twentieth (120th) day prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting (provided, however, that in the event that the date of the annual meeting is more than thirty (30) days before or more than seventy (70) days after such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder must be so delivered not earlier than the close of business on the one hundred twentieth (120th) day prior to such annual meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of the ninetieth (90th) day prior to such annual meeting or the tenth (10th) day following the day on which public announcement of the date of such meeting is first made by the Corporation). In no event shall an adjournment or postponement of an annual meeting or the public announcement of such an adjournment or postponement commence a new time period (or extend any time period) for the giving of a stockholder’s notice as described above. To be in proper form, a stockholder’s notice shall set forth (a) as to each person whom the stockholder proposes to nominate for election as a director (i) all information relating to such person that is required to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for election of directors in an election contest, or is otherwise required, in each case, pursuant to and in accordance with Section 14 of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (including without limitation (x) the name, age, business address and residence address of the nominee, (y) the principal occupation or employment of the nominee, and (z) the class or series and number of shares of capital stock of the Corporation which are, directly or indirectly, owned beneficially and of record by such nominee and any Derivative Instrument held or beneficially held by the nominee), (ii) a written statement executed by the nominee acknowledging that as a director of the Corporation, the nominee will owe fiduciary duties under Delaware law with respect to the Corporation and its stockholders,

 

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(iii) such person’s written consent to being named in the proxy statement as a nominee and to serving as a director if elected, and such person’s irrevocable resignation (in the form provided by the Secretary upon written request) in accordance with Article II, Section 2.7(B) that would take effect after such person is elected as a director and would apply if such person is not re-elected as a director at the next meeting of stockholders at which such person’s seat on the Board of Directors is subject to election by a majority of the votes cast in accordance with Article II, Section 2.7(B), (iv) a description of all direct and indirect compensation and other material monetary agreements, arrangements and understandings during the past three years, and any other materials relationship, between or among such stockholder and Stockholder Associated Person, if any, and their respective affiliates and associates, or others acting in concert therewith, on the one hand, and each proposed nominee, and his or her respective affiliates and associates, or others acting in concert therewith, on the other hand, including without limitation, all information that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to Rule 404 promulgated under Regulation S-K if the stockholder making the nomination and any Stockholder Associated Person on whose behalf the nomination is made, if any, or any affiliate or associate thereof or person acting in concert therewith, were the “registrant” for purposes of such rule and the nominee were a director or executive officer of such registrant and (v) with respect to each nominee for election or reelection to the Board of Directors, include a completed and signed questionnaire, representation and agreement required by 2.8(C)(4) of this By-Law; (b) as to any business other than a nomination of a director or directors that the stockholder proposes to bring before the meeting, (1) a brief description of the business desired to be brought before the meeting, (2) the text of the proposal or business (including without limitation the text of any resolutions proposed for consideration, and, in the event that such business includes a proposal to amend the Certificate of Incorporation or the By-Laws of the Corporation, the language of the proposed amendment), (3) the reasons for conducting such business at the meeting and any material interest in such business of such stockholder and the Stockholder Associated Persons, if any, on whose behalf the proposal is made and (4) a description of all agreements, arrangements and understandings between such stockholder and Stockholder Associated Persons, if any, and any other person or persons (including without limitation their names) in connection with the proposal of such business by such stockholder; and (c) as to the stockholder giving the notice and Stockholder Associated Person, if any, on whose behalf the nomination or proposal is made (i) the name and address of such stockholder, as they appear on the Corporation’s books, and of any Stockholder Associated Person, (ii) (1) the class or series and number of shares of capital stock of the Corporation which are, directly or indirectly, owned beneficially and of record by such stockholder and by any Stockholder Associated Person, (2) (i) any option, warrant, convertible security, stock appreciation right, or similar right with an exercise or conversion privilege or a settlement payment or mechanism at a price related to any class or series of shares of the Corporation or with a value derived in whole or in part from the value of any class or series of shares of the Corporation, whether or not such instrument or right shall be subject to settlement in the underlying class or series of capital stock of the Corporation or otherwise (a “Derivative Instrument”) directly or indirectly owned beneficially by such Stockholder and any other direct or indirect opportunity to profit or share in any profit derived from any increase or decrease in the value of shares of the Corporation and

 

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(ii) whether and the extent to which any hedging or other transaction or series of transactions has been entered into by or on behalf of such stockholder or any Stockholder Associated Person with respect to any securities of the Corporation, and a description of any other agreement, arrangement or understanding (including without limitation any borrowing or lending of shares), the effect or intent of which is to mitigate loss to, or to manage the risk or benefit from share price changes for, or to increase or decrease the voting power of, such stockholder or any Stockholder Associated Person with respect to any securities of the Corporation), (3) any proxy, contract, arrangement, understanding or relationship pursuant to which such stockholder has a right to vote any shares of any security of the Corporation, (4) any short interest in any security of the Corporation (for purposes of this By-Law a person shall be deemed to have a short interest in a security if such person directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship or otherwise, has the opportunity to profit or share in any profit derived from any decrease in the value of the subject security), (5) any rights to dividends on the shares of the Corporation beneficially owned by such stockholder or Stockholder Associated Person that are separated or separable from the underlying shares of the Corporation, (6) any proportionate interest in shares of the Corporation or Derivate Instruments held, directly or indirectly, by a general or limited partnership in which such stockholder or Stockholder Associated Person is a general partner or, directly or indirectly, beneficially owns an interest in a general partner, and (7) any performance-related fees (other than an asset-based fee) that such stockholder or Stockholder Associated Person is entitled to based on any increase or decrease in the value of shares of the Corporation or Derivative Instruments, if any, as of the date of such notice including, without limitation, any such interests held by members of such stockholder’s immediate family sharing the same household (which information in this clause (c)(ii)(1) through (7) shall be supplemented by such stockholder and Stockholder Associated Person, if any, not later than ten (10) days after the record date for the meeting to disclose such information as of the record date), (iii) a description of any agreement, arrangement or understanding with respect to the nomination or proposal between or among such stockholder and all Stockholder Associated Persons, any of their respective affiliates or associates, and any others acting in concert with any of the foregoing, including without limitation, in the case of a nomination, the nominee, (iv) any other information relating to such stockholder and Stockholder Associated Persons, if any, that would be required to be disclosed in a proxy statement or other filing required to be made in connection with solicitations of proxies for, as applicable, the proposal and/or for the election of directors in a contested election pursuant to Section 14 of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, (v) a representation that the stockholder is a holder of record of stock of the Corporation entitled to vote at such meeting and intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to propose such business or nomination, and (vi) a representation whether the stockholder or the Stockholder Associated Persons, if any, intends or is part of a group which intends (A) to deliver a proxy statement and/or form of proxy to holders of at least the percentage of the Corporation’s outstanding capital stock required to approve or adopt the proposal or elect the nominee and/or (B) otherwise to solicit proxies from stockholders in support of such proposal or nomination (such information and documents provided and statements and representations made pursuant to the preceding clauses (a), (b) and/or (c) of this paragraph 2.8(A)(2) and their sub-clauses, a “Solicitation Statement”). The Corporation may require any proposed nominee to furnish such other information as it may reasonably require to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as a director of the Corporation. A “Stockholder Associated Person” of any stockholder shall mean (x) any person controlling, directly or indirectly, or acting in concert with, such stockholder, (y) any beneficial owner of shares of stock of the Corporation owned of record or beneficially by such stockholder and on whose behalf the proposal or nomination, as the case may be, is being made, and/or (z) any person controlling, controlled by or under common control with such person described in the preceding clauses (x) and (y).

 

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(3) Notwithstanding anything in the second sentence of paragraph (A)(2) of this Section 2.8 to the contrary, in the event that the number of directors to be elected to the Board of Directors of the Corporation at an annual meeting is increased and there is no public announcement by the Corporation naming the nominees for the additional directorships at least one hundred (100) days prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting, a stockholder’s notice required by this Section 2.8 shall also be considered timely, but only with respect to nominees for the additional directorships, if it shall be delivered to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not later than the close of business on the tenth (10th) day following the day on which such public announcement is first made by the Corporation.

 

(B) Special Meetings of Stockholders. Only such business shall be conducted at a special meeting of stockholders as shall have been brought before the meeting pursuant to the Corporation’s notice of meeting. Nominations of persons for election to the Board of Directors may be made at a special meeting of stockholders at which directors are to be elected pursuant to the Corporation’s notice of meeting (1) by or at the direction of the Board of Directors or (2) provided that the Board of Directors has determined that directors shall be elected at such meeting, by any stockholder of the Corporation who is a stockholder of record of the Corporation at the time the notice provided for in this Section 2.8 is delivered to the Secretary of the Corporation and at the time of the meeting, who is entitled to vote at the meeting and who complies with the notice procedures set forth in this Section 2.8. In the event the Corporation calls a special meeting of stockholders for the purpose of electing one or more directors to the Board of Directors, any such stockholder entitled to vote in such election of directors may nominate a person or persons (as the case may be) for election to such position(s) as specified in the Corporation’s notice of meeting, if the stockholder’s notice required by paragraph (A)(2) of this Section 2.8 with respect to any nomination (including without limitation the completed and signed questionnaire, representation and agreement required by Section 2.8(C)(4) of this By-Law) shall be delivered to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not earlier than the close of business on the one hundred twentieth (120th) day prior to such special meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of the ninetieth (90th) day prior to such special meeting or the tenth (10th) day following the day on which public announcement is first made of the date of the special meeting and of the nominees proposed by the Board of Directors to be elected at such meeting. In no event shall an adjournment or postponement of a special meeting or the public announcement of such an adjournment or postponement commence a new time period (or extend any time period) for the giving of a stockholder’s notice as described above.

 

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(C) General.

 

(1) Only such persons who are nominated in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.8 shall be eligible to be elected at an annual or special meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to serve as directors and only such business shall be conducted at a meeting of stockholders as shall have been brought before the meeting in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.8. In addition, nominations or business proposed to be brought by a stockholder before an annual meeting (or nominations proposed to be brought by a stockholder before a special meeting at which directors are to be elected pursuant to the Corporation’s notice of meeting) may not be brought before such meeting if such stockholder or a Stockholder Associated Person, as applicable, takes action contrary to the information in, documents provided in (including without limitation the questionnaire, representation and agreement), and representations made in the Solicitation Statement applicable to such nominations or business at such annual meeting (or such nominations at such special meeting) or if the Solicitation Statement relating thereto contains an untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein not misleading. Except as otherwise provided by law, the chairman of the meeting shall have the power and duty (a) to determine whether a nomination or any business proposed to be brought before the meeting was made or proposed, as the case may be, in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.8 (including without limitation whether the stockholder or Stockholder Associated Person, if any, on whose behalf the nomination or proposal is made solicited (or is part of a group which solicited) or did not so solicit, as the case may be, proxies in support of such stockholder’s nominee or proposal in compliance with such stockholder’s representation as required by clause (A)(2)(c)(vi) of this Section 2.8) and (b) if any proposed nomination or business was not made or proposed in compliance with this Section 2.8, to declare that such nomination shall be disregarded or that such proposed business shall not be transacted, notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section 2.8, if the stockholder (or a qualified representative of the stockholder) does not appear at the annual or special meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to present a nomination or business, such nomination shall be disregarded and such proposed business shall not be transacted, notwithstanding that proxies in respect of such vote may have been received by the Corporation.

 

(2) For purposes of this Section 2.8, “public announcement” shall include disclosure in a press release reported by the Dow Jones News Service, Associated Press or comparable national news service or in a document publicly filed by the Corporation with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 13, 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.

 

(3) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section 2.8, a stockholder shall also comply with all applicable requirements of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder with respect to the matters set forth in this Section 2.8; provided, however, that any reference in these By-Laws to the Exchange Act are not intended to and shall not limit the requirements applicable to nominations or proposals as to any other business to be considered pursuant to Section 2.8(A)(1)(c) or Section 2.8(B) of this By-Law. Nothing in this Section 2.8 shall be deemed to affect any rights (a) of stockholders to request inclusion of proposals in the Corporation’s proxy statement pursuant to Rule 14a-8 under the Exchange Act or (b) of the holders of any series of Preferred Stock to elect directors pursuant to any applicable provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation.

 

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(4) To be eligible to be a nominee for election or reelection as a director of the Corporation, a person must deliver (in accordance with the time periods prescribed for delivery of notice under Section 2.8(A)(2) of this By-Law) to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation a written questionnaire with respect to the background and qualification of such person and the background of any other person or entity on whose behalf the nomination is being made (which questionnaire shall be provided by the Secretary upon written request) and a written representation and agreement (in the form provided by the Secretary upon written request) that such person (A) is not and will not become a party to (i) any agreement, arrangement or understanding with, and has not given any commitment or assurance to, any person or entity as to how such person, if elected as a director of the Corporation, will act or vote on any issue or question (a “Voting Commitment”) that has not been disclosed to the Corporation or (ii) any Voting Commitment that could limit or interfere with such person’s ability to comply, if elected as a direct of the Corporation, with such person’s fiduciary duties under applicable law, (B) is not and will not become a party to any agreement, arrangement or understanding with any person or entity other than the Corporation with respect to any direct or indirect compensation, reimbursement or indemnification in connection with service or action as a director that has not been disclosed therein and (C) in such person’s individual capacity and on behalf of any person or entity on whose behalf the nomination is being made, would be in compliance, if elected as a director of the Corporation, and will comply with all applicable publicly disclosed corporate governance, conflict of interest, confidentiality and stock ownership and trading policies and guidelines of the Corporation. In addition, the Corporation may require any proposed nominee for election or reelection to the Board of Directors to furnish such other information as may be reasonably be required by the Corporation to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as an independent director or audit committee financial expert of the Corporation or that could be material to a reasonable stockholder’s undertaking of the independence, or lack thereof, of such nominee.

  

Section 2.9 Organization.

 

Meetings of stockholders shall be presided over by the Chairman of the Board, if any, or in his absence by the Vice Chairman of the Board, if any, or in his absence by the Chief Executive Officer, or in his absence by the President, or in his absence by a Vice President, or in the absence of the foregoing persons by a chairman designated by the Board of Directors, or in the absence of such designation by a chairman chosen at the meeting. The Secretary shall act as secretary of the meeting, but in his absence the chairman of the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting.

 

Section 2.10 Inspectors of Elections, Conduct of Meetings.

 

(A) Inspectors of Election. The Corporation may, and shall if required by law, in advance of any meeting of stockholders, appoint one or more inspectors of election, who may be employees of the Corporation, to act at the meeting or any adjournment thereof and to make a written report thereof. The Corporation may designate one or more persons as alternate inspectors to replace any inspector who fails to act. In the event that no inspector so appointed or designated is able to act at a meeting of stockholders, the person presiding at the meeting shall appoint one or more inspectors to act at the meeting. Each inspector, before entering upon the discharge of his or her duties, shall take and sign an oath to execute faithfully the duties of inspector with strict impartiality and according to the best of his or her ability.

 

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(B) Duties. The inspectors shall (1) ascertain the number of shares of stock outstanding and the voting power of each, (2) determine the number of shares of stock present in person or by proxy at such meeting and the validity of proxies and ballots, (3) count all votes and ballots, (4) determine and retain for a reasonable period a record of the disposition of any challenges made to any determination by the inspectors and (5) certify their determination of the number of such shares present in person or by proxy at such meeting and their count of all votes and ballots. Such certification and report shall specify such other information as may be required by law. In determining the validity and counting of proxies and ballots cast at any meeting of stockholders of the Corporation, the inspectors may consider such information as is permitted by applicable law. The inspectors may appoint or retain other persons or entities to assist them in the performance of their duties. No person who is a candidate for an office at an election may serve as an inspector at such election.

 

(C) Conduct of Meetings. The date and time of the opening and the closing of the polls for each matter upon which the stockholders will vote at a meeting shall be announced at the meeting by the person presiding over the meeting. The Board of Directors may adopt by resolution such rules and regulations for the conduct of the meeting of stockholders as it shall deem appropriate. Except to the extent inconsistent with such rules and regulations as adopted by the Board of Directors, the person presiding over any meeting of stockholders shall have the right and authority to convene and to adjourn the meeting, to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and to do all such acts as, in the judgment of such chairman, are appropriate for the proper conduct of the meeting. Such rules, regulations or procedures, whether adopted by the Board of Directors or prescribed by the presiding officer of the meeting, may include, without limitation, the following: (1) the establishment of an agenda or order of business for the meeting; (2) rules and procedures for maintaining order at the meeting and the safety of those present; (3) limitations on attendance at or participation in the meeting to stockholders of record of the Corporation, their duly authorized and constituted proxies or such other persons as the chairman of the meeting shall determine; (4) restrictions on entry to the meeting after the time fixed for the commencement thereof and (5) limitations on the time allotted to questions or comments by participants. The presiding officer at any meeting of stockholders, in addition to making any other determinations that may be appropriate to the conduct of the meeting, shall, if the facts warrant, determine and declare to the meeting that a matter or business was not properly brought before the meeting and if such presiding officer should so determine, such person shall so declare to the meeting, and any such matter or business not properly brought before the meeting shall not be transacted or considered. Unless and to the extent determined by the Board of Directors or the person presiding over the meeting, meetings of stockholders shall not be required to be held in accordance with the rules of parliamentary procedure.

 

Section 2.11 Fixing Date of Determination of Stockholders of Record.

 

(A) Fixing the Record Date. In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled (1) to notice of or to vote at any meeting of stockholders or any adjournment thereof, (2) to receive payment of any dividend or other distribution or allotment of any rights, (3) to exercise any rights in respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock or (4) to take, receive or participate in any other action, the Board of Directors may fix a record date, which shall not be earlier than the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted by the Board of Directors and which (a) in the case of a determination of stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of stockholders or adjournment thereof, shall, unless otherwise required by law, be not more than sixty (60) nor less than ten (10) days before the date of such meeting; and (b) in the case of any other action, shall be not more than sixty (60) days before such action.

 

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(B) If Record Date is Not Fixed. If no record date is fixed, (1) the record date for determining stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall be at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice is given, and (2) the record date for determining stockholders for any other purpose shall be at the close of business on the day on which the Board of Directors adopts the resolution relating thereto.

 

(C) Adjourned Meetings. A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting, but the Board of Directors may fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting.

 

Section 2.12 List of Stockholders Entitled to Vote.

 

The Secretary shall prepare, at least ten (10) days before every meeting of stockholders, a complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, arranged in alphabetical order, and showing the address and the number of shares registered in the name of each stockholder. Such list shall be open to the examination of any stockholder, for any purpose germane to the meeting, for a period of at least ten days prior to the meeting: (i) on a reasonably accessible electronic network, provided that the information required to gain access to such list is provided with the notice of the meeting, or (ii) during ordinary business hours, at the principal place of business of the Corporation. If the meeting is to be held at a place, the list shall also be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time thereof and may be inspected by any stockholder who is present. If the meeting is to be held solely by means of remote communication, the list shall also be open to the examination of any stockholder during the whole time thereof on a reasonably accessible electronic network and the information required to access such list shall be provided with the notice of the meeting. Except as otherwise provided by law, the stock ledger shall be the only evidence as to who are the stockholders entitled to examine the stock ledger, the list of stockholders or the books of the Corporation, or to vote in person or by proxy at any meeting of stockholders.

 

Section 2.13 Postponement and Cancellation of Meeting.

 

Any previously scheduled annual or special meeting of the stockholders may be postponed, and any previously scheduled annual or special meeting of the stockholders called by the Board of Directors may be canceled, by resolution of the Board of Directors upon public notice given prior to the time previously scheduled for such meeting of stockholders.

 

Section 2.14 Action by Written Consent.

 

Except as otherwise provided for or fixed pursuant to the provisions of Article FOURTH of the Certificate of Incorporation relating to the rights of holders of any series of Preferred Stock, no action that is required or permitted to be taken by the stockholders of the Corporation at any annual or special meeting of stockholders may be effected by written consent of stockholders in lieu of a meeting of stockholders, unless the action to be effected by written consent of stockholders and the taking of such action by such written consent have expressly been approved in advance by the Board of Directors of the Corporation.

 

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Article III.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

Section 3.1 General Powers.

 

The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of its Board of Directors. In addition to the powers and authorities expressly conferred upon them by these By-Laws, the Board of Directors may exercise all such powers of the Corporation and do all such lawful acts and things as are not by law or by the Certificate of Incorporation or by these By-Laws required to be exercised or done by the stockholders.

 

Section 3.2 Number.

 

Subject to the rights of the holders of any series of Preferred Stock to elect additional directors under specific circumstances, the number of directors that shall constitute the whole Board of Directors of the Corporation shall be between five (5) and nine (9), to be fixed exclusively pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of the Board Directors.

 

Section 3.3 Organization.

 

Meetings of the Board of Directors shall be presided over by the Chairman of the Board, if any, or in his absence by the Vice Chairman of the Board, if any, or in his absence by the Chief Executive Officer, or in his absence by the President, or in their absence by a chairman chosen at the meeting. The Secretary shall act as secretary of the meeting, but in his absence the chairman of the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting.

 

Section 3.4 Regular Meetings.

 

The Board of Directors may, by resolution, provide the time and place for the holding of regular meetings without other notice than such resolution.

 

Section 3.5 Special Meetings.

 

Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by the Chairman, the Chief Executive Officer, the President or by two or more directors. The person or persons authorized to call special meetings of the Board of Directors may fix the place and time of the meetings.

 

Section 3.6 Notice.

 

Notice of each special meeting of the Board of Directors shall be given by the Secretary or his or her designee, at his or her direction. Notice of each such meeting shall state the date, time and place of the meeting, and shall be delivered to each director either personally or by telegram, telecopier, telephone, or other means of electronic transmission, at least 24 hours before the time at which such meeting is to be held or mailed by first-class mail, postage prepaid, addressed to the director at his residence or usual place of business, at least five (5) days before the day on which such meeting is to be held. Neither the business to be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors need be specified in the notice of such meeting, except for amendments to these By-Laws as provided under Article IX hereof. A meeting may be held at any time without notice if all of the directors are present or if those not present waive notice of the meeting in writing, either before or after such meeting.

 

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Section 3.7 Quorum.

 

A whole number of directors equal to at least a majority of the whole Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but if at any meeting of the Board of Directors there shall be less than a quorum present, a majority of the directors present may adjourn the meeting from time to time without further notice. Except in cases in which the Certificate of Incorporation, these By-Laws or applicable law otherwise provides, the vote of the majority of the directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the Board of Directors. The directors present at a duly organized meeting may continue to transact business until adjournment, notwithstanding the withdrawal of enough directors to leave less than a quorum.

 

Section 3.8 Vacancies.

 

Subject to the rights of the holders of any series of Preferred Stock to elect additional directors under specific circumstances, and unless otherwise provided by law or the Certificate of Incorporation, vacancies resulting from death, resignation, retirement, disqualification, removal from office or other cause, and newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the authorized number of directors, may be filled only by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors, though less than a quorum of the Board of Directors, and each director so chosen shall hold office for a term expiring at the annual meeting of stockholders at which the term of office of the class to which he or she has been elected expires and until his or her successor has been duly elected and qualified or until his or her earlier death, resignation or removal from office. No decrease in the number of authorized directors constituting the whole Board shall shorten the term of any incumbent director.

 

Section 3.9 Committees.

 

The Board of Directors may designate one or more committees, each committee to consist of one or more of the directors of the Corporation. The Board of Directors may designate one or more directors as alternate members of any committee, who may replace any absent or disqualified member at any meeting of the committee. In the absence or disqualification of a member of the committee, the member or members thereof present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, whether or not he or they constitute a quorum, may unanimously appoint another member of the Board of Directors to act at the meeting in place of any such absent or disqualified member. Any such committee, to the extent permitted by law and to the extent provided in the resolution of the Board of Directors, shall have and may exercise all the powers and authority of the Board of Directors in the management of the business and affairs of the Corporation, and may authorize the seal of the Corporation to be affixed to all papers which may require it.

 

Unless the Board of Directors otherwise provides, each committee designated by the Board of Directors may make, alter and repeal rules for the conduct of its business. In the absence of such rules each committee shall conduct its business in the same manner as the Board of Directors conducts its business pursuant to this Article III of these By-Laws.

 

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Section 3.10 Resignation and Removal.

 

Any director of the Corporation may resign at any time upon notice given in writing or by electronic transmission to the Board of Directors, the Chairman or the Secretary, or pursuant to an irrevocable resignation delivered pursuant to Section 2.7(B) of these By-Laws. Any such resignation shall take effect at the time specified therein or, if the time when it shall become effective shall not be specified therein, immediately upon its receipt; provided, that if such resignation is an irrevocable resignation delivered pursuant to Section 2.7(B) of these By-Laws, then such resignation shall only be effective if and to the extent the conditions or contingencies stated therein are satisfied. Unless otherwise specified therein, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective. Subject to the rights of the holders of any series of Preferred Stock to elect additional directors under specific circumstances, any director, or the entire Board of Directors, may be removed from office at any time, but only for cause and only by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 75% of the voting power of the outstanding capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote generally in the election of directors, voting together as a single class.

 

Section 3.11 Telephonic Meetings.

 

Members of the Board of Directors, or any committee of directors designated by the Board of Directors, may participate in a meeting of the Board of Directors or such committee by means of conference telephone or other communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other, and participation in a meeting pursuant to this Section 3.11 shall constitute presence in person at such meeting.

 

Section 3.12 Action by Unanimous Consent of Directors.

 

Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the Board of Directors, or of any committee thereof, may be taken without a meeting if all members of the Board of Directors or such committee, as the case may be, consent thereto in writing (which may be in counterparts) or by electronic transmission, and the written consent or consents or electronic transmission or transmissions are filed with the minutes of proceedings of the Board of Directors or such committee. Such filing shall be made in paper form if the minutes of the Corporation are maintained in paper form and shall be in electronic form if the minutes are maintained in electronic form.

 

Section 3.13 Reliance upon Records.

 

Every director, and every member of any committee of the Board of Directors, shall, in the performance of his or her duties, be fully protected in relying in good faith upon the records of the Corporation and upon such information, opinions, reports or statements presented to the Corporation by any of its officers or employees, or committees of the Board of Directors, or by any other person as to matters the director or member reasonably believes are within such other person’s professional or expert competence and who has been selected with reasonable care by or on behalf of the Corporation, including, but not limited to, such records, information, opinions, reports or statements as to the value and amount of the assets, liabilities and/or net profits of the Corporation, or any other facts pertinent to the existence and amount of surplus or other funds from which dividends might properly be declared and paid, or with which the Corporation’s capital stock might properly be purchased or redeemed.

 

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Section 3.14 Interested Directors.

 

A director who is directly or indirectly a party to a contract or transaction with the Corporation, or is a director or officer of or has a financial interest in any other corporation, partnership, association or other organization which is a party to a contract or transaction with the Corporation, may be counted in determining whether a quorum is present at any meeting of the Board of Directors or a committee thereof at which such contract or transaction is considered or authorized, and such director may participate in such meeting and vote on such authorization if the material facts as to such director’s relationship or interest and as to the contract or transaction are disclosed or are known to the Board of Directors or the committee, and the Board of Directors or committee in good faith authorizes the contract or transaction by the affirmative votes of a majority of the disinterested directors, even though the disinterested directors are less than a quorum.

 

Section 3.15 Compensation.

 

The Board of Directors shall have the authority to fix the compensation, including fees and reimbursement of expenses, of directors for services to the Corporation in any capacity, provided that no such payment shall preclude any director from serving the Corporation in any other capacity and receiving compensation therefor.

 

Article IV.
OFFICERS

 

Section 4.1 Elected Officers.

 

Unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors, the officers of the Corporation shall consist of the Chief Executive Officer, the President, one or more Vice Presidents, the Secretary and the Treasurer. Any two or more offices may be held by the same person. Such officers shall be elected from time to time by the Board of Directors to hold office until their respective successors shall have been duly elected and qualified, or until death, resignation or removal, as hereafter provided in these By-Laws.

 

Section 4.2 Other Officers.

 

The Board of Directors may from time to time elect, or the Chief Executive Officer may appoint, such other officers (including one or more Assistant Vice Presidents, Assistant Secretaries and Assistant Treasurers) and such agents, as may be necessary or desirable for the conduct of the business of the Corporation. Such other officers and agents shall have such duties and shall hold their offices for such terms as shall be provided in these By-Laws or as may be prescribed by the Board of Directors or by the Chief Executive Officer.

 

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Section 4.3 Resignation and Removal.

 

Any officer or agent of the Corporation may resign at any time by giving a written notice of resignation to the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer, the President or the Secretary. Any such resignation shall take effect at the time specified therein or, if the time when it shall become effective shall not be specified therein, immediately upon its receipt. Unless otherwise specified therein, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective. Any officer or agent of the Corporation may be removed, either with or without cause, at any time, by a vote of the majority of the whole Board of Directors, or, except in the case of an officer or agent elected by the Board of Directors, by the Chief Executive Officer. Such removal shall be without prejudice to the contractual rights, if any, of the person so removed.

 

Section 4.4 Vacancies.

 

A vacancy in any office, whether arising from death, resignation, removal or any other cause, may be filled for the unexpired portion of the term of the office in the manner prescribed in these By-Laws.

 

Section 4.5 Chief Executive Officer.

 

The Chief Executive Officer shall have the general control and management of the business and affairs of the Corporation, under the direction of the Board of Directors. He or she shall have power: (i) to select and appoint all necessary officers and employees of the Corporation except such officers as under these By-Laws are to be elected by the Board of Directors, (ii) to remove all appointed officers or employees whenever he or she shall deem it necessary, and to make new appointments to fill the vacancies, and (iii) to suspend from office for cause any elected officer, which shall be forthwith declared in writing to the Board of Directors. The Chief Executive Officer shall have such other authority and shall perform such other duties as may be determined by the Board of Directors.

 

Section 4.6 President.

 

The President shall have such authority and perform such duties relative to the business and affairs of the Corporation as may be determined by the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer. In the absence of both the Chairman and the Chief Executive Officer, the President shall preside at meetings of the stockholders and of the directors. If the Board of Directors shall not have elected a Chief Executive Officer, the President shall have such authority and shall perform such additional duties as in these By-Laws is provided for the office of Chief Executive Officer.

 

Section 4.7 Vice Presidents and Assistant Vice Presidents.

 

Each Vice President and each Assistant Vice President shall have such powers and perform all such duties as from time to time may be determined by the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer, the President or the senior officer to whom such officer reports.

 

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Section 4.8 Secretary.

 

The Secretary shall record the proceedings of all meetings of the Board of Directors, the committees of the Board of Directors and the stockholders, shall see that all notices are duly given in accordance with the provisions of these By-Laws and as required by law, shall be custodian of the records and the seal of the Corporation and, if necessary or appropriate, affix and attest the seal to all documents to be executed on behalf of the Corporation under its seal, shall see that the books, reports, statements, certificates and other documents and records required by law to be kept and filed are properly kept and filed, and in general, shall perform all the duties incident to the office of Secretary and such other duties as from time to time may be determined by the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer or the President.

 

Section 4.9 Treasurer.

 

The Treasurer shall exercise general supervision over the receipt, custody and disbursement of corporate funds. The Treasurer shall have such further powers and duties as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer or the President.

 

Section 4.10 Assistant Officers.

 

Any Assistant Secretary or Assistant Treasurer elected or appointed as heretofore provided shall perform the duties and exercise the powers of the Secretary and Treasurer, respectively, in their absence or inability to act, and shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer, the President, the Secretary or the Treasurer (as the case may be) may from time to time prescribe.

 

Section 4.11 Compensation.

 

The compensation of the officers of the Corporation for their services as such officers shall be fixed from time to time by the Board of Directors, provided, however, that the Board of Directors may by resolution delegate to the Chief Executive Officer the power to fix compensation of non-elected officers and agents appointed by the Chief Executive Officer. An officer of the Corporation shall not be prevented from receiving compensation by reason of the fact that such officer is also a director of the Corporation, but any such officer who shall also be a director shall not have any vote in the determination of such officer’s compensation.

 

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Article V.
CONTRACTS AND PROXIES

 

Section 5.1 Contracts.

 

Except as otherwise required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, any contracts or other instruments may be executed and delivered in the name and on behalf of the Corporation by such officer or officers (including any assistant officer) of the Corporation as the Board of Directors may from time to time direct. Such authority may be general or confined to specific instances as the Board of Directors may determine. The Chief Executive Officer, the President or any Vice President may execute bonds, contracts, deeds, leases and other instruments to be made or executed for or on behalf of the Corporation. Subject to any restrictions imposed by the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer, the President or any Vice President of the Corporation may delegate contractual power to others under his jurisdiction, it being understood, however; that any such delegation of power shall not relieve such officer of responsibility with respect to the exercise of such delegated power.

 

Section 5.2 Proxies.

 

Unless otherwise provided by resolution adopted by the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer, the President or any Vice President may from time to time appoint an attorney or attorneys or agent or agents of the Corporation, in the name and on behalf of the Corporation, to cast the votes which the Corporation may be entitled to cast as the holder of stock or other securities or interests in any other corporation or entity, any of whose stock or other securities or interests may be held by the Corporation, at meetings of the holders of the stock or other securities or interests, of such other corporation or entity, or to consent in writing, in the name of the Corporation as such holder, to any action by such other corporation or entity, and may instruct the person or persons so appointed as to the manner of casting such votes or giving such consent, and may execute or cause to be executed in the name and on behalf of the Corporation and under its corporate seal or otherwise, all such written proxies or other instruments as he may deem necessary or proper in the premises.

 

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Article VI.
INDEMNIFICATION AND INSURANCE

 

(A) Right to Indemnification. Each person who was or is made a party or is threatened to be made a party to or is involved in any action, suit, or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (hereinafter a “proceeding”), by reason of the fact that he or she or a person of whom he or she is the legal representative is or was a director or officer of the Corporation or is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of any other corporation or of a partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, including service with respect to employee benefit plans, whether the basis of such proceeding is alleged action in an official capacity as a director, officer, employee or agent or in any other capacity while serving as a director, officer, employee or agent, shall be indemnified and held harmless by the Corporation to the fullest extent authorized by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware as the same exists or may hereafter be amended, against all expense, liability and loss (including, without limitation, attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines, ERISA excise taxes or penalties and amounts paid or to be paid in settlement) reasonably incurred by such person in connection therewith, and such indemnification shall continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director, officer, employee or agent and shall inure to the benefit of his or her heirs, executors and administrators, provided, however, that except as provided in paragraph (B) of this Article VI with respect to proceedings seeking to enforce rights to indemnification, the Corporation shall indemnify any such person seeking indemnification in connection with a proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by such person only if such proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by such person was authorized by the Board of Directors of the Corporation. The Corporation may, by action of its Board of Directors, provide indemnification and advancement to employees and agents of the Corporation with the same scope and effect as the indemnification and advancement of directors and officers provided for in this Article VI.

 

(B) Recovery of Unpaid Indemnification. If a claim under paragraph (A) of this By-Law is not paid in full by the Corporation within 45 days after a written claim has been received by the Corporation, the claimant may at any time thereafter bring suit against the Corporation to recover the unpaid amount of the claim and, if successful in whole or in part, the claimant also shall be entitled to be paid the expense of prosecuting such claim. It shall be a defense to any such action (other than an action brought to enforce a claim for expenses incurred in defending any proceeding in advance of its final disposition where the required undertaking, if any is required, has been tendered to the Corporation) that the claimant has not met the standards of conduct which make it permissible under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware for the Corporation to indemnify the claimant for the amount claimed, but the burden of proving such defense shall be on the Corporation. Neither the failure of the Corporation (including its Board of Directors, independent legal counsel or stockholders) to have made a determination prior to the commencement of such action that indemnification of the claimant is proper in the circumstances because he or she has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, nor an actual determination by the Corporation (including the Board of Directors, independent legal counsel or stockholders) that the claimant has not met such applicable standard of conduct, shall be a defense to the action or create a presumption that the claimant has not met the applicable standard of conduct.

 

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(C) Non-Exclusivity of Rights. The right to indemnification and the payment of expenses incurred in defending a proceeding in advance of its final disposition conferred in this By-Law shall not be exclusive of any other right which any person may have or hereafter acquire under any statute, provision of the Certificate of Incorporation, By-Laws, agreement, vote of stockholders or disinterested directors or otherwise.

 

(D) Insurance. The Corporation may maintain insurance, at its expense, to protect itself and any director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation or another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise against any expense, liability or loss, whether or not the Corporation would have the power to indemnify such person against such expense, liability or loss under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware.

 

(E) Advancement. The Corporation shall pay the expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by a person described in the first sentence of paragraph (A) of this Article VI (an “Article VI Person”) in defending any such proceeding in advance of its final disposition; provided, however, that if the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware requires, the payment of such expenses incurred by an Article VI Person in his or her capacity as a director or officer (and not in any other capacity in which service was or is rendered by such Article VI Person while a director, officer, employee or agent, including, without limitation, service to an employee benefit plan), in advance of the final disposition of a proceeding, shall be made only upon delivery to the Corporation of an undertaking by or on behalf of such Article VI Person to repay all amounts so advanced if it shall ultimately be determined that such Article VI Person is not entitled to be indemnified under this By-Law or otherwise.

 

(F) Amendment or Repeal. Any amendment or repeal of this Article VI shall not adversely affect any right or protection existing hereunder in respect of any act or omission occurring prior to such amendment or repeal.

 

(G) Other Sources. The Corporation’s obligation, if any, to indemnify or to advance expenses to any person who was or is serving at its request as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, enterprise or nonprofit entity shall be reduced by any amount such person may collect as indemnification or advancement of expenses from such other corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, enterprise or non-profit enterprise.

 

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Article VII.
STOCK

 

(A) Certificates. Unless the Board determines to issue uncertificated shares, every holder of stock shall be entitled to have a certificate signed by or in the name of the Corporation by the Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors, if any, or a Vice President, and by the Treasurer or an Assistant Treasurer, or the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary, of the Corporation certifying the number of shares owned by him in the Corporation. Any of or all the signatures on the certificate may be a facsimile. In case any officer, transfer agent or registrar who has signed or whose facsimile signature has been placed upon a certificate shall have ceased to be such officer, transfer agent, or registrar before such certificate is issued, it may be issued by the Corporation with the same effect as if he were such officer, transfer agent, or registrar at the date of issue.

 

(B) Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Stock Certificates, Issuance of New Certificates. The Corporation may issue a new certificate of stock in the place of any certificate theretofore issued by it, alleged to have been lost, stolen or destroyed, and the Corporation may require the owner of the lost, stolen or destroyed certificate, or his legal representative, to give the Corporation a bond sufficient to indemnify it against any claim that may be made against it on account of the alleged loss, theft or destruction of any such certificate or the issuance of such new certificate.

 

Article VIII.
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

 

Section 8.1 Fiscal Year.

 

The fiscal year of the Corporation shall be the calendar year, unless otherwise determined by resolution of the Board of Directors.

 

Section 8.2 Dividends.

 

The Board of Directors may from time to time declare, and the Corporation may pay, dividends on its outstanding shares in the manner and upon the terms and conditions provided by law and its Certificate of Incorporation.

 

Section 8.3 Seal.

 

The corporate seal shall have the name of the Corporation inscribed thereon and shall be in such form as may be approved from time to time by the Board of Directors.

 

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Section 8.4 Form of Records.

 

Any records maintained by the Corporation in the regular course of its business, including its stock ledger, books of account, and minute books, may be kept on, or by means of, or be in the form of, any information storage device or method, provided that the records so kept can be converted into clearly legible paper form within a reasonable time.

 

Section 8.5 Manner of Notice.

 

Except as otherwise provided herein or permitted by applicable law, notices to directors and stockholders shall be in writing and delivered personally or mailed to the directors or stockholders at their addresses appearing on the books of the Corporation. Notice to directors may be given by telegram, telecopier, telephone or other means of electronic transmission.

 

Section 8.6 Waiver of Notice of Meetings of Stockholders, Directors and Committees.

 

Any waiver of notice, given by the person entitled to notice, whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent to notice. Attendance of a person at a meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of such meeting, except when the person attends a meeting for the express purpose of objecting, at the beginning of the meeting, to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Neither the business to be transacted at nor the purpose of any regular or special meeting of the stockholders, directors, or members of a committee of directors need be specified in a waiver of notice.

 

Article IX.
AMENDMENTS

 

In furtherance and not in limitation of the powers conferred by the laws of the State of Delaware, the Board of Directors of the Corporation is expressly authorized to make, alter and repeal the By-Laws of the Corporation, subject to the power of the stockholders of the Corporation to alter or repeal any By-Law whether adopted by them or otherwise. The By-Laws may be amended, altered or repealed at any meeting of the Board of Directors or of the stockholders.

 

Notwithstanding any other provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation or the By-Laws of the Corporation and in addition to any other vote required by law, the affirmative vote of the holders of not less than 75% of the voting power of the outstanding capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote generally in the election of directors, voting together as a single class, shall be required in order for stockholders to alter, amend or repeal any provision of the By-Laws of the Corporation.

 

[As Filed: 04-21-2015]